|City||Bangalore, Karnataka, India|
|Address|| Centre for Ecological Sciences|
Indian Institute of Science
Bangalore 560 012,
|Phone||91-80-2360 0985 or 91-80-2293 2506 or 91-80-2293 2785 or 91-80-2293 2786|
|Fax||91-80-23601428 or 91-80-23600683 or 91-80-23600085|
The Centre for Ecological Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science offers exciting opportunities for research in a variety of areas in ecology. These include animal behaviour, evolutionary biology and sociobiology, community and habitat ecology, molecular genetics and conservation biology, large mammal and forest ecology, and climate change. Research is being carried out on a number of taxa, ranging from ants to elephants, and including wasps, crickets, spiders, herpetofauna, birds and mammals. The projects range from theoretical to laboratory to field-based research with the different approaches being used in a complementary manner.
The Centre for Ecological Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science offers exciting opportunities for research in a variety of areas in ecology. These include animal behaviour, evolutionary and sociobiology, community and habitat ecology, molecular genetics and conservation biology, large mammal and forest ecology, and climate change. Research is being carried out on a number of taxa, ranging from ants to elephants, and including bees, wasps, crickets, spiders, large mammals, birds and monkeys. The Centre maintains field stations near Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, and in Uttara and Dakshin Kannada in the Western Ghats to facilitate field research in these areas. The projects range from theoretical to laboratory to field-based research with the different approaches being used in a complementary manner.
Animal Behaviour and Community Ecology
Acoustic communication: Research is being carried out on the structure, diversity, perception, function, ecology and evolution of acoustic communication signals, mostly using orthopteran insects as model systems. Nocturnal acoustic communities in tropical evergreen forests are being characterised in respect of acoustic signal structures, spatial and temporal calling patterns and habitat selection in relation to acoustic transmission properties of forest microhabitats. Acoustic sampling is being developed as a rapid, reliable, non-invasive method to monitor cricket species diversity. The phenomenon of acoustic call synchrony between simultaneously calling individuals of a species is being examined in terms of mechanism, as well as ecological and evolutionary factors. The rules by which female crickets sample and select mates, and the role of communication signals in effecting reproductive isolation between species, is also being investigated. Behavioural and chemical ecology of interactions between species: The mutualistic and antagonistic relationships between species are being investigated using a variety of model systems from the Western Ghats. In the ant-plant Humboldtia brunonis, the evolution of myrmecophytic traits and the response of ants to the sugar and amino acid compositions of the extrafloral nectar rewards are being studied. The chemical and behavioural basis for the mimicry between ants and ant-mimicking jumping spiders as well as the attraction between wasp pollinators and receptive figs is being investigated. The community ecology of parasitic wasps, their impact on the mutualism between figs and their pollinating wasps and the impact of predatory ants on the mutualism are also being studied. Vision in crepuscular butterflies and nocturnal carpenter bees is being studied to understand their flower and nesting site choices. Models of animal movement strategies are being developed using data from foraging paths taken by giant squirrels (Ratufa indica) through the forest canopy.
Animal Behaviour and Sociobiology
The evolution of cooperation and altruism in animal societies is being studied using social insects such as ants, bees and wasps as experimental model systems. Social insects are used because they exhibit the most spectacular examples of cooperation and altruism and because they are easy to manipulate and study. Questions being addressed include how the members of a social insect colony divide labour among themselves, regulate each other's reproduction, communicate with each other, distinguish their nestmates from non nestmates and how natural selection can lead either to the origin and elaboration or to the loss of sociality. The techniques used include behavioural observations, pheromone extractions and bioassays and the use of microsatellite based molecular markers to estimate genetic relatedness and genetic structure of populations. The cellular slime mould Dictyostelium is also being used as a model system to study the evolution of altruism. In this soil amoeba, single free-living cells come together when starved and form a multicellular body in which some of the cells die and, in doing so, apparently enhance the reproductive success of the rest. Some of the cells thus behave altruistically. The relative roles of genetic relatedness and epigenetic factors in mediating such altruistic behaviour are being investigated.
The long-term dynamics of forest tree communities in relation to climate, fire, impact of elephants and human disturbance is being examined in permanent plots in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve since 1988. Recruitment, growth and survivorship of individuals are being monitored annually. A series of 19 one-hectare plots along a rainfall gradient are also being monitored. The phenology of tree species in montane, deciduous and thorn forestsis is also being studied.
Past climate change: The past climate and vegetation of the Nilgiri Hills (about 40,000 years before present), has been studied through stable carbon and oxygen isotope analyses of peat bogs on the plateau. Efforts are also being made to use annual growth rings of trees to understand climate change in the recent past. Future climate change and its impact: The potential impact of future climate change on forests in India is being assessed through models integrating global and regional climate change projections with vegetation change models. Carbon inventory of forests, adaptation to climate change and mitigation of climate change through changes in land use patterns are other lines of research being pursued. Related Faculty:R. Sukumar and N.H. Ravindranath
Molecular genetics, molecular systematics and phylogeography
Population genetic structure, variation and phylogeography of Asian elephants have been investigated using molecular tools. Similar work is also being carried out on gaurs and Nilgiri tahr. Molecular genetic variation in plants is being studied to understand the effect of pollinator flight distances on gene flow, and the impact of plant visual displays on pollinator visitation. The problem of delineating species boundaries between closely related congeners is approached by comparing the boundaries obtained using morphological, behavioural and molecular data. This approach is being applied to a number of taxa, including crickets, Hanuman langurs and Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular phylogenetics is also being applied to the study of disjunct avian Diversity: patterns and mechanisms
This research examines the distribution of diversity at various levels of organisation, from genes to ecosystems, and at various scales from local communities to macro-ecological regional scales. At the species level, what determines the structure of communities? How does metapopulation dynamics and island biogeography help in understanding the effects of forest fragmentation on diversity? At the genetic level, how is molecular diversity distributed within and among populations and species? Can understanding these patterns of species diversity and distribution help prioritise areas for conservation? The research currently focuses on herpetofauna in forest systems especially on hotspots of diversity such as the Western Ghats, northeastern India and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Marine turtle biology and conservation
This research continues ongoing work on the ecology and evolutionary biology of marine turtles, including population biology and genetics, and behaviour and movements. It follows from current projects on the phylogeny and population genetics of marine turtles on the coast of India, population monitoring, satellite telemetry and reproductive biology. The focus areas are Orissa, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the Lakshadweep Islands.
Behavioural and evolutionary ecology
This research focusses on three themes: first, the ecology and evolution of behaviour and life-histories; second, the consequences of individual behaviour towards population dynamics; and third, the application of insights from behavioural ecology and evolution towards conservation. To address these questions, we use a combination of mathematical modelling, field studies, and meta-analyses. Students can either take up projects under the specific research topics described below or choose topics that fall within the three broad themes described above. Current research areas include (1) Mating system evolution and sexual selection in mammals and birds (2) Evolutionary ecology of invasive species (3) Female life-history strategies and population dynamics.
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers various graduate courses as well as Post Graduate courses.
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Animal Behaviour ,Mechanisms and EvolutionView Details Duration: 2 Years Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Plant Animal interactionsView Details Duration: 1 Year Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Community Ecology and BiogeographyView Details Duration: 1 Year Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Advanced Methods in Molecular PhylogeneticsView Details Duration: 1 Year Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Conservation BiologyView Details Duration: 1 Years Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Evolutionary BiologyView Details Duration: 1 Year Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore offers Full Time Professional Courses in Quantitative Ecology Models, Research design and InferenceView Details Duration: 2 Years Learning Mode: Full Time Course Level: Professional Courses
List of facilities available at Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore for students.
Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore