National Institute of Oceanography

National Institute of Oceanography
City Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Affiliated to University of Calcutta, Kolkata
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National Institute of Oceanography is affiliated to University of Calcutta, Kolkata

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    The National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) with its headquarters at Dona Paula, Goa, and regional centers at Kochi, Mumbai and Visakhapatnam, is one of the 38 constituent laboratories of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi. NIO was established on 1 January 1966 following the International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE) in early 1960s. The institute has grown today into a large oceanographic laboratory of international repute. The focus of research has been on observing and understanding the special oceanographic features that the North Indian basin offers. The inferences from this research have been reported in about 5000 research articles so far.

    The institute has about 200 scientists (more than half of them hold doctoral degree) and 100 technical support staff. The major research areas include the four traditional branches of oceanography - biological, chemical, geological/geophysical, and physical - and some other areas such as marine instrumentation and archaeology. The institute has well equipped laboratories to conduct research in these and multidisciplinary areas. The institute also operates a coastal research vessel CRV Sagar Sukti, a 23 m vessel equipped for multidisciplinary oceanographic observations. NIO's scientists also have access to the ocean going research vessel ORV Sagar Kanya, operated by the Ministry of Earth Sciences. The institute has a library with 15,000 books and 20,000 back volumes of research journals, making it the best collection of printed literature on ocean sciences in the country.

    In addition to basic research, the institute also carries out applied research sponsored by the industry. These studies include oceanographic data collection, environmental impact assessment, and modeling to predict environmental impact. The institute also provides consultancy on a number of issues including marine environmental protection and coastal zone regulations.

    With the largest collection of ocean scientists in the country, and equipped with suitable ocean research infrastructure, NIO serves as an advanced center of education in ocean sciences. Many universities have recognized the institute for carrying out doctoral research, and a number of NIO scientists have been recognized as doctoral research guides. There are at present over 60 Junior/Senior Research Fellows (qualified through CSIR/UGC eligibility criterion) pursuing their doctoral studies in the institute. In addition, over 240 undergraduate and postgraduate students pursue their project research at this institute every year. About 5% of them come from foreign countries.
    More information about ongoing research programmes, student opportunities, research publications and seas around India is available on this website. Use different menu options to explore the world of NIO.

    to continuously improve our understanding of the seas around us; to translate this knowledge to benefit all

    NIO, the premier oceanographic institution in India, was founded in 1966 on completion of the International Indian Ocean Expedition (1962-1965). From an initial emphasis on marine biology, NIO's research and development activities have evolved in the last 35 years to include almost all major branches of coastal and high seas oceanography. Headquartered at Goa, NIO has regional stations at Mumbai, Kochi and Vishakapatnam, a staff strength of over 600 and an annual budgetary outlay of more than 550 million INR (12 million US$)

    Industrial units dealing with fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, paper, chemical, petroleum and cement are being setup along the coast. Most of these industries need guidance and advice for identifying suitable areas and modes to discharge their treated effluent into the sea such that the impact on the environment is minimal. Power plants look for appropriate sites in their vicinity to draw large quantities of seawater to serve as coolant. Other developmental activities such as the expansion of ports and harbours, deepening of navigational channels and construction of offshore facilities require an assessment of their potential environmental impact.

    Apart from carrying out the research work, NIO provides services to various organizations in solving ocean related problems and assists in carrying out the work in the marine environment through sponsored or consultancy projects. NIO scientists as per the project requirement collect data on physical, chemical, biological, geological and engineering aspects through field measurements using moored/drifting buoys and research vessels. We also utilize the data transmitted by a number of satellites equipped with oceanographic sensors. These data are analyzed and interpreted along with outputs of numerical models to understand various coastal and oceanic processes and their roles on the marine environment due to industrial activities.

    Department of Marine Sciences
    Senate House,
    8711 College street,
    Kokata 700 073
    West Bengal ,

    Phone/Fax/e-mail/URL Phone: 91-33-241007, 2414984

    Fax 91-33- 2413222

    National Institute of Oceanography offers various graduate courses as well as Post Graduate courses.


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    National Institute of Oceanography is affiliated to University of Calcutta, Kolkata.

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    List of facilities available at National Institute of Oceanography for students.

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      Generations of past students, both male and female, are proud to be known and enjoy maintaining their connection with the college and each other. Please write to [email protected] with link of existing almuni group, or request for creation of group.