Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar

Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
City Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
Established 1889
Phone +91 0581 2300361
Email [email protected]; [email protected]
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Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar was established in the year 1889,

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The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) is one of the premier research institutions dedicated to livestock research and development of the region. The institute with faculty strength of more than 275 has a major mandate of research, teaching, consultancy and technology transfer activities. The institute with its long scientific heritage has always enjoyed a certain prestige, a tradition all of its own. The institute imparts quality post-graduate education to students not only from various parts of the country, but also from overseas. Today, the institute with its deemed to be university status contributes immensely to human resource development in the discipline of veterinary sciences with skills and knowledge necessary for the challenges of the new millennium. It awards degrees to master and doctoral programmes in more than 20 disciplines of veterinary and animal sciences, livestock products technology, basic sciences and extension education. To impart continuing education to field veterinarians, the institute also conducts diploma courses in veterinary preventive medicine, animal husbandry, veterinary biological products, animal reproduction, poultry husbandry, medicine and surgery, zoo and wild animal health care and management, meat and meat products technology.The institute’s research is currently addressed with clear benchmarking of deliverables through 157 research and 44 service projects. The institute undertake basic, advanced and applied research through 85 externally funded projects. A number of national and international research projects on animal health and production systems are addressed by the institute. Presently 19 National Agricultural Innovation Projects, 3 All India Network Projects, 3 Outreach Program and 26 DBT funded projects are operational. Besides these extramural funded programmes the institute is having 5 international collaborative projects with USA, UK, Australia, international organisation, IAEA, etc. The institute continues to play an important role in quality control and potency testing of immunobiologicals to various stakeholders with a good liaison with industry. In the liberalized scenario, to my mind this represents the inherent and fundamental strength of IVRI. Kisan Mela and Pashu Vigyan Pradarshini and other extension activities including KVK, ATIC, Helpline, etc. play a key role in technology transfer mission of the institute. I welcome this opportunity to share information with you. Research and resources cut across nations and we hope and regard ourselves as a world institute and a member of global community. I am particularly pleased to make a special mention of the recent website with new look and updated information. It gives me a great sense of satisfaction and happiness in creating a unified vision of the opportunities and challenges across the organization. I hope the information covered through this website on IVRI provides some glimpses of this oldest research institution widely known as "Mecca of Veterinary Sciences" in the region. I take this opportunity to welcome you to visit the site and we are open to suggestions, If any on improvement of this web based information.

Historical Background

Foundation Stone The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) at Izatnagar was initially established as the Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory in 1889 for conducting research for the protection of Indian livestock wealth from the dreaded diseases. The foundation stone of the laboratory was laid by the Governor of Bombay on December 9, 1889 in about 2.2. ha of land presented by a philanthropist, Sir Dinshaw Monock ji Petit Bart adjoining the College of Science at Pune

Dr. Alfred Lingard, a distinguished medical bacteriologist was appointed in 1891 as incharge of the laboratory. Within a short period of two years the seriousness and danger of handling the micro-organisms of infectious diseases and pathological materials in the densely populated city of Pune was realised and consequently, the laboratory was shifted in 1893 to an isolated but beautiful site amidst the dense conifer forest of Mukteswar in Kumaon hills of the Himalayas situated at about 1500 m above the mean sea level in United Province. Lingard had studied bacteriology in Germany and was instrumental for the historical visit of three renowned bacteriologists, Drs. Robert Koch, Pfeiffer and Gaffky to Mukteswar in 1897 to advise on methods for the prevention and control of rinderpest. The work for production of the anti-rinderpest serum started in the same year and the first batch was produced in 1899. During the next five years from 1901 to 1906, the Institute started production of antisera against anthrax, haemorrhagic septicaemia and tetanus, a vaccine against black quarter and a diagnostic against equine glanders. A sub-centre was established at Kargaina near Bareilly for conducting some experiments in the plains. Sir Leonard Rogers, Assistant Bacteriologist , also a medical personnel at Mukteswar was closely associated with Dr. Lingard in research. He made noted contributions at the schools of Tropical Medicine, Calcutta and London and officiated as Director from 1898-1900 and later returned back to the Indian Medical Service.

Foundation Stone Lt. Col. J.D.E. Holmes, Assistant Bacteriologist since 1904, took over the reins of the institute in 1907. The land available at Kargaina was inadequate for further expansion of the work. On his recommendations, a large size plot of about 306 ha was purchased by the Government of India at Izatnagar adjacent to Rohilkhand Kumaon Railway Headquarters. A post of Physiological Chemist was created during his tenure and Sir Percival Hartley was appointed in 1909, who worked on the fractionation of immune bodies in the rinderpest serum.

After the death of Lt. Col. Holmes, Mr. A.W. Shilston, Assistant Bacteriologist officiated for a short period of 19 months from 20th March, 1914. His classical contribution was the use of oxalate as anticoagulant for increasing the collection of serum. During the period a post of Pathologist was created and a medico Dr. G.H.K. MacAlister was appointed on 2nd October, 1914. Dr. R.V. Norris joined the post of Physiological Chemist. All the three officers joined the British Army. Dr. A.L. Sheather joined the post of Imperial Bacteriologist and the designation of the Head of the Institute was changed to Director. Mr.W. A. Pool and T.M. Timoney, joined the institute on 30th July, 1919 and 15th March, 1921, respectively as bacteriologists, Dr. Sheather contributed in the study of tuberculosis, Johne's Disaese, bovine lymphangitis and reported buffalo malaria for the first time.

Foundation Stone Dr. A.L. Sheather was succeeded by Mr. W.A. Pool in the officiating capacity in 1920. During his tennure, work at Izatnagar was activated and small site at Kargaina was auctioned. On 19th November, 1921, Dr. J.T. Edwards took over as permanent Director. Dr. Edwards was harbinger of a new era of diversification in veterinary research. During his period, Dr.T.M. Doyle, Veterinary Officer, reported Ranikhet disease of poultry for the first time.

The name of Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory was changed to the Imperial Institute of Veterinary Research in 1925. Some of the contributions of Dr. Edwards and his associates include the fixation of rinderpest virus in rabbit in 1924 and in goat in 1927, studies on piroplasmosis and theileriasis and improvement in treatment methods of Surra. He energised field workers all over the country and at the institute he introduced the procedure of systematic recording of experimental data, thorough post-mortem examination of animals as a routine, preservation and cataloguing of representative pathological specimens of all kinds collected from different parts of the country, enrichment of library facility and indexing and regular circulation of important scientific articles from the current literature of the world. During his time the substation at Izatnagar was developed as a centre of research and for round the year mass production of biologicals. The posts of Assistant Research Officer for Protozoology, Helminthology and Biochemistry were created. Mr. H. Cooper, Pathologist, described details of Ranikhet disease of Poultry. The institute's Director was made independent of the control of Agricultural Advisor in 1929. Dr. Edwards resigned from services on 31st March, 1929 on personal grounds.

Foundation Stone With the powers of a departmental head delegated by the Government of India, Sir Frank Ware was a worthy replacement of Dr. Edwards. His recommendations received support of Central and Provincial Government. He worked in close association with the state departments and the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and research activities at the institute were expanded through several schemes financed by ICAR. His creative vision strengthened by the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Agriculture led to the setting up of well integrated team of experts in different branches of Veterinary Sciences for carrying out basic and fundamental research essential for the development of livestock wealth. At this time a proposal was made by Sir Arthur Olver to start a Central Veterinary College at Izatnagar-Mukteswar which did not materialise.

In 1931, Ware organized research work at Mukteswar in three sections, viz. Pathology, Serology and Protozoology, each headed by a Veterinary Research Officer. On the basis of the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Agriculture, the establishment of the Sections of Animal Nutrition, Poultry Research and Animal Genetics was planned. A decision was taken to designate the new departments at Izatnagar as sections of the institute and their heads as Officers-in-charges. The Imperial Veterinary Serum Institute, Izatnagar thus became Biological Products Section. The mother institute then known as the Imperial Institute of Veterinary Research was renamed as Imperial Veterinary Research Institute in 1936. Major endeavour of Sir Ware was to develop a strong organization in the country to provide new technologies for all round development of livestock wealth and the divisions of Animal Nutrition and Poultry Research were created for carrying out research also on animal production. In 1938, Sir Frank Ware relinquished the office of the Director to take the responsibility of Animal Husbandry Commissioner with the Government of India.

During 1938-39, Mr. J.R. Haddow officiated as the Director of the institute but later on reverted to the post of Deputy Director of the institute after the joining of Dr. F.C. Minett as the Director from September, 1939 till 15th August, 1947, when he opted for Pakistan to take the charge of the Animal Husbandry Commissioner of the new country. His major contribution was the establishment of an enduring school of Animal Genetics in 1944 and poultry farming was further expanded by Mr. A.J. MacDonald. During the period of Dr. Minett, new courses of training and Associateship of IVRI by research were started. In the position of Chairman of the ICAR Education Committee, he prepared ground for the teaching of veterinary science in different indian universities.
IVRI at the dawn of independence and later
Foundation Stone

At the dawn of independence of the country on 15th August, 1947, the institute was renamed as Indian Veterinary Research Institute. Dr. G.D. Bhalerao, a renowned Parasitologist officiated as Director for a short span of few months. Dr. S. Datta took over as the first regular Indian Director.

Dr. Laxmi Sahai succeeded Dr. Datta on his retirement in February, 1954. During this period an intensive rinderpest eradication scheme through mass vaccination programme was launched by the Government of India in October, 1954. Dr. N.D. Kehar, Animal Nutritionist, worked in the capacity of Officiating Director from 1957 to 58. He was succeeded by Dr. P.G. Pande, Parasitologist as regular Director of the institute in 1958. During this period, Post Graduate College of Animal Science leading to the degree of Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc.) was instituted. After the term of Dr. Pande, Dr. H.D. Srivastava worked as Officiating Director during 1961-63.

Dr. M.R. Dhanda, Microbiologist officiated as Director IVRI from 1963 to 1966. A full-fledged Division of Pathology was established at Izatnagar by merging the Pathology laboratories of Mukteswar and laboratory of Nutritional Pathology of Animal Nutrition Division. The Division at Mukteswar was named as the Division of Bacteriology and Virology.

Dr. C.M. Singh, Pathologist joined the post of the Director on 18th July, 1966. He was the youngest Director of the institute and served for 16 long years till he retired in 1982. During the period, the research activities of the institute were further diversified and vastly expanded from 7 to 22 Divisions covering almost all areas/disciplines of veterinary sciences. During his period, Hon'ble President of India Shri V.V. Giri laid the foundation stone of the capacious Modular Laboratory in 1972. A great visionary, Dr. Singh developed research, education, extension and created unique facilities in the areas of animal health, production and technology under one roof. Under his dynamic leadership, the institute was recognised as the National Institute of ICAR. A new campus of IVRI was created at Bangalore (1972), besides Regional Stations at Srinagar (1973), Kolkata (1970) and Palampur (1959).

Foundation Stone Dr. B.S. Rajya, a Pathologist, officiated as Director during 1982-84. The institute was conferred the Deemed University status by University Grant Commission in 1983. Dr. P.N. Bhat, a Geneticist, joined as regular Director in May, 1984. The research and teaching activities were intensified during the regime of Dr. P.N. Bhat. The National Biotechnology Centre was established. Posts of Joint Director (Research), Joint Director (Extension) and Joint Director (Academic) were created for monitoring research, extension and education activities respectively. Dr. P.N. Bhat was shifted to ICAR Headquarters during 1990-91 and Dr. B.B. Mallick worked as Officiating Director during this period.

Dr. O.N. Kunzru officiated as the Director in 1991 for 5 months before Dr. P.N. Bhat rejoined the institute in August, 1991. He was succeeded by Dr. D.S. Balain in May, 1992. Dr. B.B. Mallick functioned as the Acting Director for few months. Dr. G.C. Mohanty, a renowned Pathologist officiated as the Director till his retirement in November, 1995. Dr. P.N. Khanna looked after the work of Director for a short period of 4 weeks, before Dr. Kiran Singh joined as regular Director of the institute in 1995. Dr. Kiran Singh was succeeded by Dr. O.S. Tomer in August, 1997. Dr. Nagendra Sharma took over as Acting Director in April, 1999 and continued up to May, 2000. Dr. M.P. Yadav, a Bacteriologist, took over as regular Director of the Institute on 17th May, 2000 and continued up to 28th March, 2006. During this period, Division of Temperate Animal Husbandry was created at Mukteswar Campus, P2 facility for FMD vaccine quality control was created at animal Experimental station, Yelhanka, Bangalore, Kisan Call Centre and NRL on Drugs and Chemical Residues were established at Izatnagar and University-cum-Administrative Block was completed. Dr. Nem Singh, Joint Director (Research) officiated as the Director from March 26, 2006 to 20th November, 2006.

Indian Veterinary Research Institute,
Izatnagar is located in

Joint Director (Research)
Indian Veterinary Research Institute,
Izatnagar – 243122 ,
Uttar Pradesh

Email Address: [email protected]; [email protected]

Telephone Number: +91 0581 2300361

Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar offers various graduate courses as well as Post Graduate courses.

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    Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar

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