Madurai is the administrative headquarters of Madurai District in the South state of Tamil Nadu. It is the third largest city in Tamil Nadu. In eduaction section, average literacy rate of Madurai in 2011 were 83.45. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 89.72 and 77.16 respectively. Madurai has been an academic centre of learning for Tamil culture, literature, art, music and dance for centuries.The American College is the oldest college in Madurai, and was established in 1881 by American Christian missionaries. Madurai is served by more than 65 institutes of higher education. All major courses in the field of arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, business, and veterinary science are offered.