Central Institute For Cotton Research, Nagpur

 
Central Institute For Cotton Research, Nagpur
City Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Phone (07103) 275536 Office : (07103) 275538, 275549, 275617, 275620
Fax (07103) 275529
Email [email protected], [email protected]
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Admission Notices

    To conduct basic and strategic research on cotton to improve yield, fibre quality and by products
    To create new genetic variability for location specific adoption in cotton-based cropping systems
    To Collect, conserve, evaluate and cataloguing of Cotton germplasm
    Development of appropriate farming/cropping system for different cotton growing zones and their effective soil fertility management
    Development of effective and efficient disease and pest management strategies
    To coordinate network research with state agencies
    To assist in transfer of modern cotton production technology to various user agencies
    To extend consultancy and links with international agencies to accomplish the above mandate

    Preamble
    Cotton plays a key role in the national economy in terms of direct and indirect employment and income generation in the agricultural and industrial sectors. Textiles and related exports of which cotton constitutes nearly 65% account for nearly 33% of the total foreign exchange earnings of our country which at present is around 12 billion dollars with a potential for a significant increase in the coming year.
    India is the only country to grow all the four species of cultivated cotton Gossypium arboreum and G.herbaceum (Asian cotton), G.barbadense (Egyptian cotton) and G.hirsutum (American upland cotton) besides hybrid cotton. Gossypium hirsutum represents 90% of the hybrid cotton in India and all the current Bt cotton hybrids are G.hirsutum.

    Cotton is cultivated in three distinct agro-ecological regions (north, central and south) of the country. India has the largest acreage (95.29 lakh.ha) under cotton at global level and has the productivity of 553 kg lint/ha and ranks second in production (310 lakh bales) during 2007-08. It contributes to 16% of the global cotton produce. Over the last 4 years cotton yield in India increased nearly by 50 per cent. The total availability of cotton in the country was 332 lakh bales in 2006-07 as compared to 272.17 lakh bales in 2004-05 while the demand as increased from 204.17 lakh bales in 2004-05 to 288 lakh bales in 2006-07.Approximately 65% of India's cotton is produced on dry land and 35% on irrigated lands. The northern zone is almost totally irrigated, while the percentage of irrigated area is much lower in the central (23%) and southern zones (40%). The lowest being in the central zone, which has nearly 60% of cotton area of our country. Under the rainfed growing conditions rainfall ranges from <400 to > 900 mm coupled with aberrant precipitation patterns over the years leading to large-scale fluctuations in production. In the irrigated tract canal and well irrigation are resorted to including the use of micro-irrigation system.The north zone (Punjab, Haryana and Rajastan) occupies only 15.9% of the total cultivated area but contributes more than 18.5% of the production and varieties /hybrids (including Bt hybrids) limited to only G.hirsutum and G.arboreum. The central zone (Maharahtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat ), occupying more than 67.7% of the total area but contributes less than 60% to the total production and is characterized by rampant proliferation of hybrids. Bt technology has been extensively adopted in this region. The south zone (Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu) is typical of all types of cotton, hybrids (inter and intra-specific, diploid and tetraploid) and varieties (diploid and tetraploid). The south zone is occupying 15.3% of area and contributing nearly 16.3% in national production.Thus within a span of six years nearly 66.4% of the cotton area in India came under Bt hybrid umbrella Among the major Bt cotton-growing states Maharashtra leads the others with 26 lakh ha.(41 % of all Bt cotton in India in 2007) cotton followed by Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh with 13.0 (20.55%) and 10.0 lakh ha. (15.81%) respectively and Madhya Pradesh with 4.71 lakh ha (7.45%). Among the northern states the area was maximum in Punjab with 5.57 lakh ha. (8.80) followed by Haryana 2.79 lakh ha. (4.41). It is estimated that approximately 2.3 million small farmers cultivated on average 1.65 hectars of Bt cotton in 2006.Thus, it can be seen that the cultivation of Bt cotton hybrids has picked up momentum in the last two years and it is being cultivated in all the three cotton growing zones of the country.

    Keeping in view the importance of this crop in our national agricultural and economic scenario, it received special attention of the Government earlier through Indian Central Cotton Committee and now through the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.Further the research efforts under All India Coordinated Cotton Improvement Project. (AICCIP) were initiated by the Council in the year 1967. The establishment of AICCIP gave new fillip and direction in terms of multi- disciplinary and multi-centre approaches with the active involvement of State Agriculture Universities. With a view to develop a Centre of excellence for carrying out long term research on fundamental problems limiting cotton production and also to provide basic support to location specific applied research work being carried out in a network of cotton research centres in the country through the AICCIP system, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research has established the Central Institute for Cotton Research at Nagpur in April, 1976.The erstwhile Regional Station of lARl at Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) became a part of CICR simultaneously to cater to the needs of southern cotton zone. In the year 1985, the IARI Regional Station at Sirsa (Haryana) was transferred to CICR as a regional centre for the northern irrigated cotton zone.

    Vision
    Improving production and quality of Indian Cotton (including the development of transgenics resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses) with reduced cost to make cotton production cost effective and competitive in the national and global market.

    Mission
    To develop economically viable and eco-friendly production and protection technologies for enhancing quality cotton production by 2-3% every year on a sustainable basis for the next fifteen years (till 2025).

    The organisation

    The Institute has three Divisions at Nagpur to undertake basic, strategic and futuristic (including some frontier areas) research and transfer of technology programmes specifically for the rainfed central cotton zone.

    Divisions: Crop Improvement (Genetics, Cytogenetics, Plant Breeding, PGR, Biotechnology and Seed Technology), Crop Production (Agronomy, Soil Science, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Statistics, Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Agricultural Economics, Extension), Crop Protection (Agricultural Entomology, Plant Pathology and Nematology)
    At the regional station Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) the basic, fundamental and applied research programme with specific reference to the location specific requirements of the southern cotton zone are being carried out in the following disciplines:Plant Breeding, Genetics, Agronomy, Soil Science, Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Physiology, Bio-chemistry, Entomology, Plant Pathology, Seed Technology, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Statistics and Computer Applications. A fibre-testing unit is also functioning at the regional station Coimbatore. The regional station at Sirsa (Haryana) situated in the northern cotton belt is primarily concerned with the R & D requirement for the irrigated northern zone. The basic, fundamental and applied research work is being undertaken in the following disciplines: Plant Breeding, Entomology, Plant Pathology and Seed Technology.

    DIRECTOR
    CENTRAL INSTITUTE FOR COTTON RESEARCH
    (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
    Post Bag No.2,
    Shankar Nagar Post Office,
    Nagpur - 440 010,
    Maharashtra,
    India

    Director : (07103) 275536 Office : (07103) 275538, 275549, 275617, 275620

    Fax : (07103) 275529

    Email : [email protected] ; [email protected]

    http://www.cicr.org.in

    Central Institute For Cotton Research, Nagpur offers various graduate courses as well as Post Graduate courses.

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        Central Institute For Cotton Research, Nagpur

        Alumni
        Generations of past students, both male and female, are proud to be known and enjoy maintaining their connection with the college and each other. Please write to [email protected] with link of existing almuni group, or request for creation of group.