Cochin, also known as Kochi, is a major port city on the west coast of India by the Arabian Sea and is part of the district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala. Literacy rate in Kerala has seen upward trend and is 94.00 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 96.11 percent while female literacy is at 100.76 percent. The importance and antiquity of education in Kerala is underscored by the state's ranking as among the most literate in the country. The colleges in Kerala are run by the government or private trusts and individuals. Cochin is served by more than 50 institutes of higher education. All major courses in the field of arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, business, and veterinary science are offered.