Operation of an interconnected power system in India is coordinated through the State, Regional and National Load Despatch Centres in collaboration with the generation and transmission control centres. Prompt action by the System Operator during minute-to-minute operation as well as a system emergency is vital for the reliability of power system. In this regard, the regulation 5.1 (h) of the Indian Electricity Grid Code mandates that the control room of the National, Regional and State Load Despatch Centre, power plants, substations of 132 kV and above, and other control centres of all regional entities shall be manned round the clock by qualified and adequately trained personnel. Further, CERC in its order dated 7th May 2008 in suo motu petition 58/2008, endorsed the need for appropriately skilled operators for secure operation of power system in India in the scenario of continuous load growth, system expansion and multiplying number of organizations.
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