Such environment degradations have brought human population under socio-economic crisis and ecological imbalance. Under such situations, it is imperative to minimize the farmers’ risk through better utilization of natural resources. Agroforestry interventions in farmland have far reaching environmental and ecological impacts. The role of agroforestry in soil conservation, bio-amelioration and climate moderation is most widely acclaimed and one of the compelling reasons for including trees on farm lands. It is now a proven fact that the global climate is changing and measures for its mitigation and adaptation are essential to face the new challenges. Agroforestry is known to have the potential to mitigate the climate change through microclimate moderation and natural resources conservation in short run and through carbon sequestration in long run. Thus, the present challenges of food, nutrition, energy and environment security can be met through different agroforestry systems developed for various agro-climatic zones. Agroforestry has a great potential to provide employment to rural and urban population through industrial application and value addition.
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