Faculty Of Anthropology, Sambalpur University,Burla

 
Faculty Of Anthropology, Sambalpur University,Burla
City Burla, Orissa, India
Established 1991
Affiliated to Sambalpur University, Sambalpur

Faculty Of Anthropology, Sambalpur University,Burla was established in the year 1991, Faculty Of Anthropology, Sambalpur University,Burla is affiliated to Sambalpur University, Sambalpur

Admission Notices

    Sambalpur University, a teaching as well as an affiliating university, is located at Burla in Sambalpur District. Serving western Orissa, this State University has many constituent colleges. Notable colleges are the Burla Engineering College and Regional Engineering College (now renamed as Regional Institute of Engineering). Besides, the colleges in Bolangir, Sundergarh, Kalahandi and Koraput are affiliated to this university.

    Background

    The present Department was formed in the year 1991 with the bifurcation of the then combined Department of Anthropology and Sociology.

    Teaching Programme

    M.A/M.Sc

    M. Phil

    Ph.D.

    Specializations Offered

    Social/Cultural Anthropology

    Physical/Biological Anthropology

    Self-financing Courses Flouted by the Department

    Master of Social Work (from 2007-08) with 32 regular seats and 06 seats for in-service candidates

    Infrastructure Facilities and Other Features

    Well-furnished classrooms, air-conditioned Conference Hall and Computer Laboratory with 16 computers and internet facility

    Use of LCD projector in class room teaching and transfer of course materials sent to students via internet, Photocopying facility

    Emphasis on capacity building (computer skill, communication skill, project writing and event management)

    Ph.D. Production

    About 40 scholars have already received their Ph.D. degrees, working under the supervision of the faculty of the department with foreign examiner system.

    Research Publications

    More than 200 research articles

    20 books/edited volumes

    Fieldwork Programme

    The department gives heavy emphasis on its fieldwork programme. Every year students conduct a month-long camp-based intensive fieldwork in remote areas under the direct supervision of the teachers.

    The Department has already successfully conducted fieldwork among many tribal communities, caste groups and a few immigrant communities of Orissa.

    Memorandum of Understanding

    Institute of Ethnology, Free University of Berlin, Germany

    Dept. of Anthropology, University of Orange Free State, South Africa

    Universidad Autonoma de NuevoLeon, Mexico

    Oversea Visiting Faculty to the Department

    Dr. Roland Hardenberg, Free University of Berlin, Germany, 1998

    Dr. Uwe Skoda, Free University of Berlin, Germany, 2006

    Organization of National/International Conference/Workshop/Lecture Series

    National Workshop: Status of Social Science Research and Teaching in Eastern India, organized jointly by School of Bio-Social Studies, Sambalpur University and Indian Council of Social Science Research, Eastern Regional Centre, Kolkata during March 17-19, 2009.

    International Workshop: Culture and Society of Western Orissa (In collaboration with Institute of Ethnology, Free University of Berlin) 14 students from Free University of Berlin along with their teacher participated in the workshop, January 9-11, 2007.

    International conference “Dialogues with Gods: Trance and Ecstasy with Middle Indian Ritual Performances (with special references to Bali Yatra)”, February 19-21, 2004, jointly with the Institute of Ethnology, Free University of Berlin

    International Conference Tribal Society in India and Beyond jointly with Free University of Berlin, December 17-19, 2004

    Holding of Important Position in International Bodies

    Prof. D.K. Behera: Executive Member, International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences

    Prof. D.K. Behera: Chairperson, International commission on Children, Youth and Childhood

    Fulbright Scholarship

    Prof. D.K. Behera has got a Fulbright Visiting Professorship to visit California State University at Long Beach during the Fall Semester 2007. He independently handled a course on “Changing Childhood in South Asia” for the graduate students of the Department of Human Development of the University.

    Overseas Visit by the Faculty of the Department

    The faculty members of the department have visited more than 25 countries in academic connection

    USA, Belgium, Mexico, Scotland, England, Italy, Canada, Japan, Germany, South Africa, China, The Netherlands, Bangladesh, Israel, Egypt, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Bangladesh, Singapore, Brazil, France, etc.

    IUAES Commission on Children, Youth and Childhood

    The department is the official headquarters of the IUAES Commission on Children, Youth and Childhood.

    The Commission has already brought out four books, organized 10 different scientific sessions in different international conferences held in China, Japan, Italy, Kolkata.

    The Commission will organize six different sessions at the next World Anthropology congress (ICAES) to be held in Kumning, China in July 2008

    Recognition of National Agency

    The National Literacy Mission Authority, India has declared the Department of Anthropology, Sambalpur University as a nodal agency for the evaluation of its TLC and PLC programmes.

    Courses of Studies for the M. A./M. Sc. Anthropology

    Under Semester System of Teaching and Examination

    For the academic years 2008-10

    Course Scheme

    There shall be 20 papers with a total of 80 Credit Hours (hereafter CH) in the Post-Graduate Course in Anthropology. The courses have been spread over four semesters within an academic period of two years. Each semester consisting of five to six papers shall have maximum 20 CH. 50% papers shall be evaluated by external examiners. Fieldwork shall be evaluated only by the concerned supervising teacher. During the third and fourth semesters, each student shall opt for a specialization i.e. Social Anthropology (AN-SA) or Physical/Biological Anthropology (AN-BA) with two elective/special courses. The total teaching hours in a semester shall be 35 hours per week. The credit component includes 28 teaching hours (Theory-16 and Practical-12) and the noncredit component includes 11 hours (Tutorial-4, Proctorial-4 and Seminar-3) per week. The distribution of the total 80 CH over four semesters has been presented below.

    FIRST SEMESTER (20 CH)

    AN.C. 411 (4 CH) Society and Culture: Continuity and Change

    AN.C. 412 (4 CH) Gender and Society

    AN.C. 413 (4 CH) Research Methodology

    AN.C. 414 (4 CH) Application of Statistics in Bio-Social Research

    AN.C. 415 (2 CH) Practical: Research Methods

    AN.C. 416 (2 CH) Term Paper and Seminar Presentation

    SECOND SEMESTER (20 CH)

    AN.C. 421 (4 CH) Social/Cultural Anthropology

    AN.C. 422 (4 CH) Physical/Biological Anthropology

    AN.C. 423 (4 CH) Palaeoanthropology

    AN.C. 424 (4 CH) Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy

    AN.C. 425 (2 CH) Practical: Physical Anthropology

    AN.C. 426 (2 CH) Practical: Palaeoanthropology

    THIRD SEMESTER (20 CH)

    Specialization Course: A. Social Anthropology (AN-SA)

    Compulsory Courses

    AN-SA.C. 511 (4 CH) Tribal Studies-I

    AN-SA.C. 512 (4 CH) Theory and Method in Social-cultural Anthropology-I

    AN-SA.C. 513 (4 CH) Fieldwork
    Elective Courses

    AN-SA.E. 514 (4 CH)

    AN-SA.E. 515 (4 CH)

    Specialization Course: B. Physical/Biological Anthropology (AN-BA)

    Compulsory Courses

    AN-BA.C. 511 (4 CH) Fundamentals of Human Genetics

    AN-BA.C. 512 (4 CH) Human Biology

    AN-BA.C. 513 (4 CH) Fieldwork

    Elective Courses

    AN-BA.E. 514 (4 CH)

    AN-BA.E. 515 (4 CH)

    FOURTH SEMESTER (20 CH)

    Specialization Course: A. Social Anthropology (AN-SA)

    Compulsory Courses

    AN-SA.C. 521 (4 CH) Tribal Studies-II

    AN-SA.C. 522 (4 CH) Theory and Method in Social Anthropology -II

    AN-SA.C. 523 (4 CH) Dissertation and Viva Voce

    Elective Courses

    AN-SA.E. 524 (4 CH)

    AN-SA.E. 525 (4 CH)

    Specialization Course: B. Physical/Biological Anthropology (AN-BA)

    Compulsory Courses

    AN-BA.C. 521 (4 CH) Human Population Genetics

    AN-BA.C. 522-a (2 CH) Laboratory Based Practical-I

    AN-BA.C. 522-b (2 CH) Laboratory Based Practical-II

    AN-BA.C. 523 (4 CH) Dissertation and Viva Voce

    Elective Courses

    AN-BA.E. 524 (4 CH)

    AN-BA.E. 525 (4 CH)

    A student opting for Social Anthropology specialization has to select any two of the following elective (E) courses for course number AN-SA.E.514 and AN-SA.E.515 during the third semester and similarly two more elective courses for course number AN-SA.E.524 and AN-SA.E.525 during the fourth semester.

    E1. Anthropology of Children and Childhood-I

    E2. Anthropology of Children and Childhood-II

    E3. Stratification and Change in Indian Society-I

    E4. Stratification and Change in Indian Society-II

    E5. Displacement and Disaster Management-I

    E6. Displacement and Disaster Management-II

    A student opting for Biological Anthropology specialization has to select any two of the following elective (E) courses for course number AN-BA.E.514 and AN-BA.E.515 during the third semester and similarly two more elective courses for course number AN-BA.E.524 and AN-BA.E.525 during the fourth semester.

    E1. Medical Anthropology-I

    E2. Medical Anthropology-II

    E3. Child Development

    E4. Growth and Nutrition

    E5. Applied Biological Anthropology-I

    E6. Applied Biological Anthropology-II

    Details of the Course Curriculum

    FIRST SEMESTER

    AN.C-411 (4CH) Society and Culture: Continuity and Change

    UNIT-1: Basic Concepts

    Community: Concept and Characteristics; Society: Features, Types and changing aspects Customs, Folkways, Mores and Law; Culture: Features, Material and Non-material Culture, Cultural Lag

    UNIT-2: Institutions of Family, Marriage and Kinship

    Family: Universality of Family; Typology of family; continuity and change in the institution of family; Theories of family: Functionalist- G.P.Murdock and Talcott Parsons, Marxist- F.Engels; Marriage: Types of Marriage, Mate selection, Incest, Bride Price and Dowry; Kinship: Principle and Types of Descent and Rules of Residence; Kinship ; Terminology: Classificatory and Descriptive

    UNIT-3: Economic and Political Organization

    Economic Organization: Production processes; concept of property; Division of labour; Economic typology of societies; systems of distribution, gift and ceremonial exchange; reciprocity; redistribution and market.; Political Organization: Types of political organization, Social norms and values; Political Power: Types and Sources in Simple and Modern Societies, Power in Democracy- Use and Abuse

    UNIT-4: Religion

    Features and Components of Religion; Belief, Magic, Ritual and Myth; Primitive Religion: Animism, Animatisms and Totemism Magic; Social Role of Religion: Education, Social Control and Social Welfare; Liberalization of Religions: Islam, Hindu and Christianity

    Recommended Books

    Beals, R.L. et al, 1977. An Introduction to Anthropology. New York: Macmillan Publishing

    Herskovits, M.J. 1969. Cultural Anthropology. New Delhi: IBH Publishing Company.

    K.M. Kapadia, Family, Marriage and Kinship.

    Madan & Majumdar. An Introduction to Social Anthropology

    Ember Carol. R and Melvin Ember, 2002 (10th Eds.) Anthropology. New Delhi: Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd

    Forde, D, 1954. Habitat, Economy and Society: A Geographical Introduction to Ethnology. London, Methuen

    MacIver and Page, Society

    AN.C-412 (4CH) Gender and Society

    Unit-I: Social Construction of Gender and Emergence of Women’s Studies

    Gender vs. Sex, Equality vs. Difference; Women in the Family: Socialization and Gender Roles; Patriarchy as Ideology and Practice; Feminist Movements

    Unit-II: Plight of Female Children

    Plight of Girl-child in India; The Little Big Workforce: Female Child Labour in India; Plight of Tribal Female Inmates in Kanyashram; Female Children and their Contribution to Household Economy

    Unit-III: Gender and Health

    Measuring Women’s Health through Health Indicators, Women’s Heath Needs and Health seeking Behaviour of Women; Socio-economic and Cultural Influence on Women’s Health; Disease Pattern: Reproductive Health, Safe Motherhood and Family Planning: Women and AIDS ;Policies and Programmes to improve Women’s Health

    Unit-IV: Crime against Women

    Domestic Violence and Crime against Women in Work Place; Causes, Prevention and Control; Safeguards for Women in Indian Penal Code (IPC); Implementation of Criminal Justice System

    Recommended Books

    Altekar, A.S.1983. The Position of Women in Hindu Civilisation Motilal Banarasidas, New Delhi

    Desai, N. and Krishnaraj, M.1987. Women and Society in India. Ajanta, New Delhi

    Dube, L et al (ed) 1986. Visibility and power: Essays on women in Society and Development, Oxford, New Delhi.

    Mc Cormack, C and Strathern, M (ed). 1980. Nature, culture and Gender

    Cambridge Univ. Press, London

    Myers, K.A. et al (ed) 1998. Feminist Foundations: towards Transforming Sociology. Sage, New Delhi.

    Mills, M. 1980. Indian Women and patriarchy: conflicts and Dilemmas of Students and Working Women Concept, New Delhi.

    Rege, S. 2003. Sociology of Gender, Sage, New Delhi.

    AN.C-413 (4CH) Research Methodology

    Unit-I: Research and its objectives. Research Process. Types of Research: Exploratory, descriptive vs analytical, applied vs. fundamental, qualitative vs. quantitative, conceptual vs. empirical. Diagnostic and experimental research. Selecting and defining a research problem.

    Unit-II: Research Design: Concept, need and features of a research design. Steps and process of its formulation. Different types of research design: Experimental research designs and other designs. Hypothesis, facts and concepts.

    Unit-III: Sampling design: Concept of target population, universe and sample. Census and sample survey. Criteria for deciding a representative sample. Probability and non-probability sampling: Random, stratified, proportionate, quota, cluster or multistage, purposive and systematic sampling. Sampling error.

    Unit-IV: Methods of data collection: Primary and secondary data. Methods of collection of primary data through observation, questionnaire, interview, case study, genealogy, participatory rural appraisal (PRA), sociometry, projective or psychological tests. Guidelines for collection of secondary data.
    Books Recommended

    1. Young P.V ,Scientific Social Survey –..
    2. Gupta, S.P Statistical Methods , Sultan Chand & Sons Publisher- New Delhi
    3. Kothari, C.R. Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques –Wiley Eastern Limited – New Delhi
    4. Singhal, M. ,Agarwal, Lakshmi Narain Elements of Statistics, Theory & Practice –., Educational Publisher – Agra
    5. Gupta, C.B and Gupta , V An Introduction to Statistical Methods, Vikas Publishing House PVT Ltd. New Delhi.
    6. Bandarkar, P.L.and Wilkinson , T.S. Methodology and Techniques of Social Research ,Himalaya Publishing House- Mumbai.
    7. Bhatnagar, G.L Research Methods & Measurements in Behavioural & Social Sciences Agri. Cole. Publishing Academy, New Delhi.
    8. Garett, Henry, E Statistics in Psychology & Education –., David Heley and Co.

    9. Mukherjee, R. The Quality of Life: Valuation in social Research –– Sage publications, New Delhi

    10. Elhance, D.N Fundamentals of Statistics-..
    11. Garrett & Word ,Statistics in Psychology & Education-.
    12. Mohsin, S.M, Research Method in Behavioural Science-..
    13. Sidhu Kulbir Singh Methodology of Research-.

    AN.C-414 (4CH) Application of Statistics in Bio-Social Research

    Unit-I: Classification and tabulation of data: Objectives and types of classification. Concept of variable, attributes, and class. Discrete and continuous variable and their frequency distribution. Absolute, relative and cumulative frequencies. Tabulation of data. Types of tables. rate, ratio and index estimation and their use.

    Unit-II: Diagrammatical and graphical presentation of data: significance, types and limitation of different types of diagrams and graphs used for presentation of data. Bar chart, column chart, pie chart, frequency polygon, area or band graph, cumulative frequency curve, line graph for time series, x-y scatter

    Unit-III: Measure of Central tendency: Mean, Median, and Mode: their uses and their limitation, Measure of Dispersion: Range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviations: their uses and limitations. Standard error of mean and standard deviation. Variance.

    Unit-IV: Test of Relationship: Types of correlation. Prediction of correlation from scatter diagram and graphs. Pearson’s simple linear co-efficient of correlation and regression analysis. Spearman’s rank correlation, co-efficient of concurrent deviation. Testing of Hypothesis: Chi-square test and Student’s ‘t’ test. Steps followed and layout of report writing
    Books Recommended

    1. Young P.V , Scientific Social Survey –..

    2. Gupta, S.P Statistical Methods , Sultan Chand & Sons Publisher- New Delhi

    3. Kothari, C.R. Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques –Wiley Eastern Limited – New Delhi

    4 .Singhal, M. ,Agarwal, Lakshmi Narain Elements of Statistics, Theory & Practice –., Educational Publisher – Agra

    5. Gupta, C.B and Gupta , V An Introduction to Statistical Methods, Vikas Publishing House PVT Ltd. New Delhi.

    6. Bandarkar, P.L.and Wilkinson , T.S. Methodology and Techniques of Social Research ,Himalaya Publishing House- Mumbai.

    7. Bhatnagar, G.L Research Methods & Measurements in Behavioural & Social Sciences Agri. Cole. Publishing Academy, New Delhi.

    8. Garett, Henry, E Statistics in Psychology & Education –., David Heley and Co.

    9. Mukherjee, R. The Quality of Life: Valuation in social Research –– Sage publications, New Delhi

    10. Elhance, D.N Fundamentals of Statistics-..

    11. Garrett & Word ,Statistics in Psychology & Education-.

    12. Mohsin, S.M, Research Method in Behavioural Science-..

    13. Sidhu Kulbir Singh Methodology of Research-.

    AN.C-415 (2 CH) Practical: Research Methods

    A student has to carry out practical as a preparatory work for fieldwork and dissertation writings during first semester. A practical record has to be maintained by each student. This practical on research methods would include the following items:

    1. Collection of secondary literature on a specific topic

    2. Writing a research proposal

    3. Preparation of interview schedule/Questionnaire

    4. Observation of an event and recording

    5. Reference writings

    6. Preparation of bibliography for a given topic of research

    7. Rapport establishment, Mock interview

    8. Drawing of village map and taking field photographs

    9. Focus Group Discussion (FGD)

    10. Handling of specific situations in the field (Here the basic purpose is to assess the student’s innovative ideas).

    The knowledge of the students on the above items shall be examined by an external examiner in consultation with the internal examiner from the department.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Notes and Queries on Anthropology, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.

    2. Allison & Hockey & Dawson, Andrew, After Writing Culture, Routledge.

    3. Maanen, John Van, Tales of the Field: On Writing Ethnography, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.

    4. Pelto P.S. & Pelto G.H., Anthropological Research, London, Cambridge University Press.

    5. Young, Pauline, Scientific Social Surveys and Research.

    6. Wiener, J.S. & J.A. Lourie, Human Biology: A Guide to Field Methods.

    7. Murdock, Outline of Cultural Materials.

    AN.C-416 (2 CH) Term Paper and Seminar Presentation

    In this paper the candidate shall prepare a Term Paper in consultation with the Course Teacher. The candidate shall give a seminar presentation. The ratio of awarding marks shall be, 50% by the Course Teacher and the rest 50% shall be by the Teachers’ Council.

    SECOND SEMESTER

    AN.C. 421 (4 CH) Social/Cultural Anthropology

    Unit I: Culture and society: Concept and distinction,. Culture and civilization: differences, Enculturation, Meaning of acculturation, diffusion

    Economic organisation, Property, Individual and collective; Stages of economy: Collection, hunting, fishing, pastoral, peasant, shifting cultivation and settled agriculture, Systems of trade and exchange: reciprocity, barters and market.

    Unit II Political organization: Concept of authority and leadership; Types of political organization: band, chiefdom, tribe, state and kingship; Primitive law and justice; Types of punishment.

    Unit III Primitive religion: animism, animatism, bongaism, totemism; Magic: functions and types; Magico-religious functionaries: shaman, priest, medicine-man, sorcerer, witch; Religion and magic compared.

    Unit IV Caste system: definition and criteria, Varna and jati, dominant caste, Sanskritization, Caste and politics in India, Jajmani system: Inter-caste economic dependence, Changing Caste System in India.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. Social Anthropology.

    2. Honnigman, J. Handbook of Social and Cultural Anthropology.

    3. Fox, Robin. Kinship and Marriage.

    4. Sahlins & Service. Evolution and Culture. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.

    5. Mair, Lucy. An Introduction to Social Anthropology, Oxford University Press.

    6. Barth, F. Ethnic Group Boundaries.

    7. Barnet, H.G. Innovation. The Basis of Culture Change.

    8. Rogers, E.M. & Shoe Maker, F.F. Communication of Innovation.

    9. Rogers, E.M., Diffusion of Innovation.

    10. Rad-cliffe Brown, A.R. Structure and Function in Primitive Society.

    11. Harris, Marvin. Cultural Anthropology.

    12. Malinowski, B.K. Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays.

    13. Foster, G.M. Tradition, Cultures and Impact of Technological Change.

    14. Dalton, George. Tribal and Peasant Economies: Readings in Economic Anthropology.

    15. Kluckhohn, C. Mirror for Man.

    16. Herskovits, M .J. Man and His Works.

    17. Hutton, J.H. Caste in India

    18. Srinivas, M.N. Social Change in Modern India

    AN.C. 422 (4 CH) Physical/Biological Anthropology

    Unit I Subject matters of physical anthropology/Biological anthropology and its scope, Difference from biological , Application of biological anthropology in medicine, forensic science, industries, defence services and genetic counselling.

    Unit II Theories of evolution: Drawinism, Lamarkism and Synthetic theories

    Adaptation: Meaning and its evolutionary significance

    Human adaptation to heat, cold and altitude

    Unit III Evidence of human evolution from morphological, anatomical, serological, chromosomal and genetic similarities between human and non-human living primates.

    Fossil evidence of human evolution: Discovery, anatomical features and distribution of Dryopithecene, Astralopithecene, Homo-eractus, Homosapien neandrathalensis, Homosapien sapien

    .

    Unit IV Human variation: Basis of morphological variation, Social, environmental and genetic factors responsible for variation, Mechanism of the formation and extinction of ethnic groups/race

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Ashley, Montague. Concept of Race.

    2. Backer, P.T. & Weiner (eds.). Biology of Human Adaptability.

    3. Tanner, J. M. Foetus to Man

    4. Buettner-Janusch, Origins of Man.

    5. M.Ember and Ember. Anthropology.

    6. Emery, A.E.H. Elements of Medical Genetics.

    7. Harrison, G.A et.al. Human Biology.

    8. Harrison, G.A. and Boyce, J. The Structure of Human Population.

    9. Mange and Mange. Basic Human Genetics.

    10. Marrell. Evolution and Genetics.

    11. Sarkar S.S. Aboriginal races of India.

    12. Sahlins and Service. Evolution and Culture.

    13. Shukla, B.R.K. & Rostogi, S. Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics – An Intorduction.

    14. Simpson, G.G. The meaning of Evolution.

    15. Vogel, F. and Motulsky, A.C. Human Genetics – Problems and Approaches.

    16. Weiner and Lourie. Human Biology – A Guide to Field Methods.

    17. Weiss, K.M. & Ballonoff, P.A. Demographic Genetics.

    18. Williams, B.J. Evolution and Human Origin.

    19. Wright, S. Evolution, Genetics and Population.

    AN.C. 423 (4 CH) Paleoanthropology

    Unit I A brief outline on the origin of earth and life and geological time scale; Pleistocene epoch chronology, Pleistocene Glaciations’ of Europe, Evidences and Causes of Great Ice Age, Typology and technology: tool making techniques, tool types.

    Unit II Dating methods: absolute and relative dating: stratigraphy, river terraces, dendrochronology, thermoluminescence dating, pollen dating, Glacial varve analysis, potassium-argon method, fluorine dating, C-14 dating.

    Unit III Cultural chronology: Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures in India: special salient features of environment, sites and areas, typo-technology, distribution, artifacts and their physical forms.

    Unit IV Indus valley civilization; Copper and Iron age, features and distribution.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Agrawal, D.P. The Archaeology of India, Curzon Press.

    2. Allchin, B. & Allchin, F.R. The Rise of Civilization of India and Pakistan. Cambridge University Press.

    3. Ashley, Montague. Physical Anthropology and Archaeology.

    4. Barmown, Victor. Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, Illinois, The Dorse Press Home Wood.

    5. Banerjee. Iron Age in India. Munshiram Manoharlal.

    6. Bordes, F. Old stone Age. Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

    7. Brothwell D. & Higgs E. (ed.). Science in Archaeology. Thames and Hudson.

    8. Budtzer, K.W. Environment and Archaeology.

    9. Clark, D.L. Analytical Archaeology. Methuen and Co. Ltd.

    10. Coles, J.M. & Higs, E.S. The Archaeology of Early Man. Faber and Faber.

    11. Das, B.M., Outlines of Physical Anthropology. Kitab Mahal.

    12. James, J. Hester, Introduction to Archaeology. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

    13. Michel, J.W., Dating Methods in Archaeology. Seminar Press.

    14. sakalia, H.D., New Archaeology – Its Scope and Application to India, Ethnographic and Folk Culture Society.

    15. Sankalia, H.D. Stone Age Tools, Families and Techniques. Pune, Deccan College.

    16. Sankalia, H.D. Pre- and Proto-history of India and Pakistan. Pune, Deccan College.

    17. Zeuner, F.E. Pleistocene Period. Hutchinson.

    AN.C. 424 (4 CH) Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy in India

    UNIT-I Social Exclusion: Concept, Meaning and forms of social exclusion, Who is socially excluded and why this matter, Role of culture in social exclusion.

    UNIT-II Cases of Social Exclusion: Dalit, ST, Religious minorities, Children, Women, Aged, Physically and mentally challenged people.

    UNIT-III Specific areas of Social Exclusion and marginalization: People affected by HIV/AIDS, Displaced people of mega development projects, Poverty leading to social marginalization, Caste system, inequality and social exclusion, Social exclusion and exploitation, Reducing poverty by tackling social exclusion.

    UNIT-V Inclusive Policy: Current policies of protective discrimination, Public policies to reduce social exclusion, Constitutional safeguards, Panchayati Raj and women empowerment, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Sub-plan approach to tribal development, Possible improvement in current policies and strategies relating to weaker section

    .

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Thorat, Social Exclusion in India. Oxford

    2. DFID Report. Tackling Poverty by Reducing Social Exclusion

    3. Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies (Vol 1 to VIII). New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.

    AN.C. 425 (2 CH) Practical: Physical Anthropology

    1. Somatometry and Somatoscopy, Importance of body measurements in Anthropology; Application in growth, forensic, clothing, sports, etc.; Selected measurements on head; indices selected measurements for height, breadth, and circumference, indices selected traits on somatoscopy.

    2. Osteology and osteometry, Importance of studying human skeletal system in anthropology, Structure-function, classification Axes and planes Skull and mandible (description), Long bones (description and side identification), Vertebral column and girdles, Age and sex differences, Selected measurements and indices.

    The periodic maintenance of practical records shall be taken into consideration while awarding grades to the candidates.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Binford, L.R., Ancient Man and Modern Myths, Academic Press.

    2. Ghoshmaulik S.K, Ratha Basanti and Mishra S.K, Practical Anthropology, Orissa, Society for Anthropological and Archaeological Studies.

    3. Paddar, S.R. and Bhagat, A., Handbook of Osteology.

    4. Singh, I.P. and Bhasin, M.K., Anthropometry.

    AN.C. 426 (2 CH) Practical: Palaeoanthropology

    1. Demonstrate the techniques of manufacture, function and social implications of artifacts.

    2. Handle stone artifacts, characterizing lower, middle, upper palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods

    3. Drawing and description of prehistoric tools of Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods

    4. Periodic maintenance of practical records shall be taken into consideration while awarding grades to the candidates

    THIRD SEMESTER

    Specialisation Course: A. Social Anthropology

    Compulsory Courses

    AN-SA.C. 511 (4 CH) Tribal Studies-I

    Unit I Concept of Tribe, Characteristics of Tribe, Tribes in India: Classification and Distribution of Tribes based on Economic, Cultural, Linguistic and Racial.

    Unit II Problems of Tribes: Land Alienation, Indebtedness, Tribal Education in Residential Schools: Problems and Prospects, Tribal Health in Orissa/India

    Unit III Tribal Economy: Shifting Cultivation, Deforestation and its Impact on Tribal, Tribal Craft, Women in Tribal Societies: Their Contribution to Household Economy.

    Unit IV Constitutional Safeguards for the Tribal, Fifth and Sixth Schedules, The National draft Tribal Policy in India

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Behera, D.K and Georg pfeffer. Contemporary Society Tribal Studies, Volume I to VII. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company

    2. Georg Pfeffer. Hunters, Tribes and Peasant: Cultural Crisis and Comparison. Bhubaneswar: Niswas

    3. Vidarthy, L.P. and Rai. Applied Anthropology in India

    4. Vidarrthy.L.P. and B.N. Sahay. Applied Anthropology and Development in India. New Delhi: National Publishing House

    5. Vidarthy, L.P. Tribal Culture in India

    6. A.K. Pandey. Tribal Situation in India. New Delhi: Manak

    6. Vidyut Joshi.Tribal Situation in India. New Delhi: Rawat

    7. A.K. Singh. Tribal Development in India. New Delhi: Classical Publishing Company

    8. Choudhury, B. Tribal Development in India

    9. Hassnain, Nadim. Tribal India

    AN-SA.C. 512 (4 CH) Theory and Method in Social-cultural Anthropology-I

    Unit I Theories of cultural evolutionism: Spencer, Morgan, Tylor;

    Neo-evolutionism: Leslie White, Julian Steward

    Unit II Diffusionism: British, German-Austrian and American school of thoughts

    Unit III Functionalism: Durkheim, Malinowski

    Structural-functionalism: Radcliffe Brown, Evans Pritchard, Raymond Firth,

    .

    Unit IV Structuralism: Nadal, Levi Strauss, Marxism: Karl Marx, Marx, Weberian Theory: M. Weber, Anthropology and Globalization

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Evans-Prichard, A History of Anthropological Thought.

    2. Harris, Marvin, Rise of Anthropological Theory, London, Routlege and Kegan Paul.

    3. Bidney, David, Theoretical Anthropology, New York, Colombia University Press.

    4. Erickson, Paul, Anthropological Lives: Biographies of Eminent Anthropologists, New Delhi, Reliance.

    5. Sahilns & Service, Evolution and Culture.

    6. Schneider et al., Symbolic Anthropology: A Reader in the Study of Symbols and Meanings.

    7. Turner, Roy, Ethnomethodology.

    8. Douglas, Marry, Cultural Bias.

    9. Gerrtaz, Clifford, The Interpretation of Culture.

    10. Ingram, John, Psychological Anthropology Reconsidered.

    11. Manganaro, Marc, Modernist Anthropology: From Fieldwork to Text.

    12. Nadel, S.F., The Foundations of Social Anthropology.

    13. Manners, R.A. & David Kaplan (Eds.), Theory in Anthropology.

    14. Levi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology.

    15. Malinowski, Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays.

    16. Redfield R., Human Nature and the Study of Society.

    17. Tyler, Stephen (Ed.), Cognitive Anthropology.

    18. Redfield, Robert, Peasant Society and Culture.

    19. Steward, Julian H., Contemporary Change in Traditional Societies.

    20. Moore, The Future of Anthropological Knowledge.

    21. Hastrup, A Passage to Anthropology.

    AN-SA.C. 513 (4 CH) Fieldwork

    Each student shall have to undergo training for learning and use of different techniques of scientific data collection during 30 days of fieldwork under the supervision of a teacher, as nominated by the head of the department, in a tribal/rural area. The fieldwork for a particular year may be camp-based or non-camp based one depending on the decision of the teachers’ council of the department. The exact date of commencement of fieldwork shall be announced by the department. Student failing to complete the fieldwork in a particular year can only clear the paper by completing fieldwork next year. No separate fieldwork shall be arranged for such students during the same semester. There shall be instructional hours or classes per week for every candidate for the preparation of synopsis and questionnaire/schedule for the topic of the study during the semester. Classes shall be taken by the concerned supervisors. The supervising teacher shall be the examiner for the paper. The performance of the candidate will be evaluated on the basis of the field notes and fieldwork performance by the supervising teacher during the fieldwork. The final grading will be done by the supervising teacher at the end of the semester.

    Elective Courses for Social Anthropology Specialization

    (For paper AN-SA.E. 514 and AN-SA.E. 515)

    E 1. Anthropology of Children and Childhood-I

    Unit-I: Situation of children in India, Child labour in India, Female working children, Street children, Impact of poverty and drought on children, Child domestic workers, Children in cyber environment.

    Unit-II: Overburdened school-going children, Growing up in slums, Plight of the girl-child in India, HIV/AIDS affected children

    Unit-III: UN Convention on the Right of the Child, What is children’s participation? Why should children participate?

    Unit-IV: Strategy to address the physical punishment and emotional abuse of children, Strategy to address corporal punishment, National Policy for Children, Integrated Child Development Scheme.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Verhellen, Eugeen, Understanding Children’s Right.

    2. Verhellen, Eugeen, Monitoring Children’s Right.

    3. Pfeffer, George & D.K. Behera, Contemporary Society: Childhood and Complex Order.

    4. James, Alison and Allan Prout. Structuring and Restructuring of Childhood

    5. Allan Prout. Theorizing Childhood

    6. Behera, D.K., Children and Childhood in our Contemporary Societies.

    7. Qvortrup, J. et al. (Eds), Childhood Matters, Social Theory, Practice and Politics.

    E 3. Displacement and Disaster Management-I

    Unit I Concept of Crisis Management, Displacement situation: Voluntary and Involuntary, Natural and manmade, floods, epidemics, famines, earthquakes, Case Study: Orissa Super Cyclone

    Unit II Development and displacement: Construction of roads; Development of cities absorbing villages in city; Defence projects; dam projects.

    Unit III Impact of displacement: Socio-cultural, Economic, Psychological, Environment.

    Unit IV Women in resettlement, disaster mitigation strategies, Government Intervention for Women Rehabilitation

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Bose, B.P.C., Disaster Policies and Administration: A Study of Three Andhra Disasters.

    2. Cohen, Stephen P. & C.V. Raghavulu, The Andhra Cyclone of 1988. Individual and Institutional Responses to Mass Death.

    3. Fernandes, Walter & Enakshi Ganduli Thakrai (Eds.), Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation.

    4. Gangopadhyay, T. & K.A. Mankodi, Rehabilitation: The Ecological and Economic Costs.

    5. Goldsmith & Hildyad, N., The Social and Environmental Effects of Large Dams.

    6. Keller, Stephen L., Uprooting and Social Change.

    7. Saklani, Girija, The Uprooted Tibetans.

    8. Schdder, T., The Human Ecology and Big Projects: River Basin Development and Resettlement. In Annual Review of Anthropology.

    E 5. Stratification and Change in Indian Society-I

    Unit I Theories of Stratification-Marx, Weber, and Tumin’s View on Stratification.

    Unit II Social Differentiation and Ranking, Basis of Social Stratification, Caste, Class and Power, Social Mobility.

    Unit III Social Evolution, Social Progress, and Acculturation.

    Unit IV Social Change: Processes - Sanskritization, Urbanization, Westernization, Secularization and Modernization.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Srinivas, M. N., Social Change in Modern India.

    2. Singh, Yogender, Social Change and Stratification.

    3. Singh, Yogender, Modernization of Indian Tradition.

    4. Melvin, Tumin, Social Stratification.

    5. Briestead, Robert, Social Order.

    6. Rao, M.S.A., Urbanization in India.

    7. Madan, T. .N and Majumdar, Introduction to Social Anthropology.

    8. Sharma, K. L., Social Stratification in Rural India.

    9. Unithan, T.K., Social Stratification.

    Specialisation Course: B. Physical/Biological Anthropology

    Compulsory Courses

    AN-BA.C. 511 Fundamentals of Human Genetics

    Unit I Difficulties in Subjecting Man for Genetic Investigations, Methods of Studying Heredity: Pedigree Method, Twin Method, Population, Family, Linkage Studies.

    Unit II Genetic Significance of Cell Division, Sex Determination. Normal Human Karyotype. Abnormal Human Karyotypes: Numerical and Structural Chromosomal abnormalities in Man – Down’s Syndrome, Turner Syndrome and Klinifelter Syndrome.

    Unit III Structure and Function of DNA, RNA, Proteins, Concept of Gene, Genetic Code and its Expression: Replication, Transcription and Translation. Method of Creating Recombinant DNA, Genetic Engineering, Genome Project

    Unit IV Gene Action: Complementary, Supplementary, Duplicative, Cumulative or Additive Genes. Epistatis, Pleiotropism, and Penetrance. Autosomal and Sex-linked Inheritance Theories with Examples. Multiple allelic Inheritance: ABO Blood Groups,

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Bhamrah and Chaturvedi, A Text Book of Genetics.

    2. Mange and Mange, Basic Human Genetics.

    3. Rothwell, N.V., Human Genetics.

    4. Harrison et al., Human Biology.

    5. Curt Stern, Principles of Human Genetics.

    6. Winchester, Genetics.

    7. Ashley Montagu, Concept of Race.

    8. Shukla, B.R.K. & Rastogi, S., Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics.

    9. Dalela and Verma, T Text Book of Genetics.

    10. Bodmer & Cavalli Sforza, Genetics, Evolution and Man.

    11. King and Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics.

    12. Brudette, W.J., Methodology in Human Genetics.

    13. Yunis, J.J. (Ed.), Biochemical Methods in Red Cell Genetics.

    14. Harris, H., Human Biochemical Genetics.

    AN-BA. C. 512 Human Biology

    Unit I Meaning, scope and development of human biology, major problems in human population biology and the IBP approach.

    Unit II Human growth and development: growth from conception to maturity senescence differences in physique; Factors controlling growth and development in populations.

    Unit III Nutritional and diet survey method: nutritional requirement for normal growth from infancy to old age; The energy value of foods: undernutrition, and malnutrition, nutritional adaptation in man; Human adaptation – physiological adaptation to heat, cold and high altitude.

    Unit IV Blood pressure: age and sex variation; Human body composition: body density, lean body mass and body fat, muscular strength, work capacity; Human hemoglobin synthesis, normal and abnormal Hb types; Thalassaemia association.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Baker, P.T. & Weiner (Eds.), The Biology of Human Adaptability.

    2. Beal, Virgina, Nutrition and the Life Span.

    3. Beutler, E., Red Cell Metabolism: A Manual of Biochemical Methods.

    4. Bouge, D., Principles of Demography.

    5. Brock and Mayo, The Biochemical Genetics of Man.

    6. Burdette, W.J., Methodology in Human Genetics.

    7. Craig, Human Development.

    8. Dixit, M., Human Nutrition Principles and Applications in India.

    9. Emery A.E.H., Elements of Medical Genetics.

    10. Eveleth, P.B. & Tanner, J.M., Worldwide variations in Human Growth.

    AN-BA. C. 513: Fieldwork

    Each student shall have to undergo training for learning and use of different techniques of scientific data collection during 30 days of fieldwork under the supervision of a teacher, as nominated by the head of the department, in a tribal/rural area. The fieldwork may be camp-based or non-camp based one depending on the decision of the teachers’ council of the department. The exact date of commencement of fieldwork shall be announced by the department. Student failing to complete the fieldwork in a particular year can only clear the paper by completing fieldwork next year. No separate fieldwork shall be arranged for such students during the same semester. There shall be instructional hours or classes per week for every candidate for the preparation of synopsis and questionnaire/schedule for the topic of the study during the semester. Classes shall be taken by the concerned supervisors. The supervising teacher shall be the examiner for the paper. The performance of the candidate will be evaluated on the basis of the field notes and fieldwork performance by the supervising teacher during the fieldwork. The final grading will be done by the supervising teacher at the end of the semester.

    Elective courses for Physical/Biological Anthropology Specialization
    (For Paper AN-BA. E. 514 and AN-BA. E. 515)

    E 1. Medical Anthropology-I

    Unit I Meaning and scope: changing concepts of health and disease, concepts of culture and lifestyle in relation to health and disease.

    Unit II Enthomedicine, magico-religious practices, indigenous medical systems and medical practitioner; Ethnobotany, ethnobiology, ethnopharmacology; Ethnography of tribal and folk medical system in India with case studies.

    Unit III Plural systems of medicine: traditional systems as part of culture and life style; Ayurved, Siddha, Unani, Naturopathy, Tibetan, Chinese: basic principles; Resurgence of traditional medical systems in the West and in India.

    Unit IV Epidemiology: basic principles, epidemiology of common communicable and non-communicable diseases – Malaria, TB, Leprosy, STD, AIDS, Diabetics, Cancer and Cardiovascular diseases, mental health.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Caudill, W., Applied Anthropology in Medicine.

    2. foster, G.M. & B.G. Anderson, Medical Anthropology.

    3. Banerjee B.G. & R. Jalota, Folk Illness and Ethnomedicine.

    4. Rivers, W.H.R., Medicine, Magic and Religion.

    5. Hasan, K., The Cultural Frontiers of Health.

    6. Bannermann et al. (Eds.), Traditional Medicine and Health Care Coverage (WHO).

    7. Kakar, D.N., Folk and Modern Medicine.

    8. Leslie, C. (Ed.), Asian Medical System.

    9. Loudon, J.B., Social Anthropology and Medicine.

    10. Madan T.N., Doctors and Society.

    11. Anti, A.H. & Bhatia, People’s Health in People’s Hand.

    12. Jajeebhoy, S., Women’s Autonomy, Education and Reproductive Health.

    13. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, National Health Policy.

    14. W.H.O., World Health Reports.

    15. Freeman, H.E. et al., Handbook of Medical Anthropology.

    16. Landy, D., Culture, Disease and Healing.

    17. National Institute of Health & Family Welfare, Maternal and Child Health.

    18. Paul, B.D., Health, Culture and Community.

    19. Mead, M., Cultural Patterns and Technological Change.

    20. Read, M., Culture, Health and Disease.

    E 3. Child Development

    Unit I Introduction to the field of child development and principles of development.

    Extra-uterine growth of pre-term and small for gestational age children.

    Factors influencing birth weight: maternal anthropology, nutrition and socio-economic status.

    Unit II Infant feeding and growth: Breast feeding, bottle feeding and weaning foods.

    Unit III Motor skills: Milestones, functions and sequences of the motor skill development. Endocrinological regulation of postnatal growth

    Unit IV Assessment of growth retardation of children born on term and pre-term. The creation and use of growth references for evaluating growth.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Harrison et al., Human Biology.
    2. Watsonand Lowery: Growth and Development of Children

    3. Tanner, J. M.: Fetus into Man
    4. Hurlock,E.B. : Child Development
    5. L.E.Berk Baston: Child Development
    6. Hurlock,E.B : Developmental Psychology
    7. F.P.Rice : Human Development
    8. ;M.Cole and S. Cole: The Development of Children
    9. J.W. Santrock and S.K. Yussen: Child Development: An Introduction
    10. A.Clarke Stewart and S.Friedman: Child Development: Infancy through Adolescence

    11. Nelson A Text Boobk of Pediatrics

    12. Elisabet Helsing and F.Savage King: Breast-feeding in Practice: A manual for health workers.

    E 5. Applied Biological Anthropology-I

    Unit I Meaning and scope of biological anthropology, Structure, function and physiological changes of various body parts according to age.

    Unit II Testing of pulmonary, circulatory and muscular changes during rest and exercise according to age, sex, occupation.

    Unit III Heredity and environment in body dimensions – relationship of different types of sports efficiency and different body proportions.

    Unit IV Ecological, ethnic and genetic variation of body shape and size.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Backer, PT and Weiner (Eds) The Biology of Human Adaptability

    2. Beal, Virginia Nutrition and the Life Span

    3. Beutler, E Red Cell Metabolism: A Mannual of Biochemical Methods

    4. Brock and Mayo The Biochemical Genetics of Man

    5. Craig Human Development

    6. Burdette, WJ Methodology in Human Genetics

    7. Emery, AEH Elements of Medical Genetics

    8. Eveleth, PB and Tanner, JM Worldwide Variation in Human Growth

    9. Forbes, GB Human Body Composition

    10. Sodhi, HS Sports Anthropometry

    11. Willigt, JV Applied Anthropology: An Introduction

    FOURTH SEMESTER

    Specialisation Course: A. Social Anthropology (AN-SA)

    Compulsory Courses
    AN-SA. C. 521 Tribal Studies-II

    Unit I Land Relations in Tribal Areas, Tribal Ethnicity, Tribal Religion, Totemism and Environmental Protection, Man-Nature Relationship

    Unit II Strategies for Sustainable Tribal Development in India, ITDA, Sub-plan Approach, Cultural Constraints to Tribal Development

    Unit III State Authority in Tribal Areas, Displacement and Rehabilitation, Impact of Mega Development Projects on the Life of Tribal.

    Unit IV Tribal Situation in Orissa, Primitive Tribal Groups of Orissa, Multiple Patterns of Integration of Tribes and Castes in Orissa, The Impact of Upper Indravati River Valley Project on the Life of Tribals of Kalahandi.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Behera, D.K and Georg pfeffer. Contemporary Society Tribal Studies, Volume I to VI. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company

    2. Georg Pfeffer. Hunters, Tribes and Peasant: Cultural Crisis and Comparison. Bhubaneswar: Niswas

    3. Vidarthy, L.P. and Rai. Applied Anthropology in India

    4. Vidarrthy.L.P. and B.N. Sahay. Applied Anthropology and Development in India. New Delhi: National Publishing House

    5. Vidarthy, L.P. Tribal Culture in India

    6. A.K. Pandey. Tribal Situation in India. New Delhi: Manak

    6. Vidyut Joshi.Tribal Situation in India. New Delhi: Rawat

    7. A.K. Singh. Tribal Development in India. New Delhi: Classical Publishing Company

    8. Choudhury, B. Tribal Development in India

    9. Hassnain, Nadim. Tribal India

    AN-SA. C. 522 Theory and Method in Social-Cultural Anthropology-II

    Unit I Post Modernism: Marcus, Fisher. Dialectical Anthropology: Historical and Dialectical Materialism, Class struggle, Alienation

    Unit II Culture and Personality: Ruth Benidict and Margaret Mead, Anthropology and Globalization

    Unit III Contributions to Indian Studies: S.C. Roy, D.N. Majumdar, V. Elwin, Robert Redfield, Andrea Beteille,

    Unit IV Contributions to Indian Studies: L.P. Vidyarthi, Irawati Karve, L. Dumont, M.N. Srinivas, S.C. Dube

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Evans-Prichard, A History of Anthropological Thought.

    2. Harris, Marvin, Rise of Anthropological Theory, London, Routlege and Kegan Paul.

    3. Bidney, David, Theoretical Anthropology, New York, Colombia University Press.

    4. Erickson, Paul, Anthropological Lives: Biographies of Eminent Anthropologists, New Delhi, Reliance.

    5. Sahilns & Service, Evolution and Culture.

    6. Schneider et al., Symbolic Anthropology: A Reader in the Study of Symbols and Meanings.

    7. Turner, Roy, Ethnomethodology.

    8. Douglas, Marry, Cultural Bias.

    9. Gerrtaz, Clifford, The Interpretation of Culture.

    10. Ingram, John, Psychological Anthropology Reconsidered.

    11. Manganaro, Marc, Modernist Anthropology: From Fieldwork to Text.

    12. Nadel, S.F., The Foundations of Social Anthropology.

    13. Manners, R.A. & David Kaplan (Eds.), Theory in Anthropology.

    14. Levi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology.

    15. Malinowski, Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays.

    16. Redfield R., Human Nature and the Study of Society.

    17. Tyler, Stephen (Ed.), Cognitive Anthropology.

    18. Redfield, Robert, Peasant Society and Culture.

    19. Steward, Julian H., Contemporary Change in Traditional Societies.

    20. Moore, The Future of Anthropological Knowledge.

    21. Hastrup, A Passage to Anthropology.

    AN-SA. C. 523 Dissertation and Viva

    The dissertation shall be based on the data collected by the candidate in the course of a month-long fieldwork conducted during third semester. Dissertation is to be prepared by the student under the supervision of the concerned teacher. The student is required to submit the dissertation through the supervising teacher to the Head of the Department for its evaluation at least fifteen days in advance of the date notified for examination. The dissertation shall be evaluated by an external examiner in consultation with the internal examiner (the supervising teacher). The candidate shall be awarded grade both by the internal and external examiners on the basis of his/her dissertation and performances in the viva-voce.

    Elective Courses for Social Anthropology Specialization

    (For paper AN-SA. E. 524 and AN-SA. E. 525)

    E 2. Anthropology of Children and Childhood-II

    Unit I Childhood in South Asia, Childhood in Changing context, Influence of Life-Career Family on the Youth in Urban India

    Unit I1 Plight of the Girl-child in India, Overburdened School-going Children, Growing up in Slums.

    Unit III Child Poverty; Street Children, Child Labour in India, Female Working Children in India, Children and Corporal Punishment, HIV/AIDS Affected Children, Children Affected by Armed Conflict, Child Sex Workers

    Unit IV Children in Cyber Environment, Children’s Creativity, Children’s Contribution to Household Economy, Educational Institutionalisation of Tribal Children: Ashram Schools/ Kanyasharms, Impact of Drought on Children

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Verhellen, Eugeen, Understanding Children’s Right.
    2. Verhellen, Eugeen, Monitoring Children’s Right.
    3. Pfeffer, George & D.K. Behera, Contemporary Society: Childhood and Complex Order.
    4. James, Alison and Allan Prout. Structuring and Restructuring of Childhood
    5. Allan Prout. Theorizing Childhood
    6. Behera, D.K., Children and Childhood in our Contemporary Societies.
    7. Qvortrup, J. et al. (Eds), Childhood Matters, Social Theory, Practice and Politics.

    E 4. Displacement and Disaster Management-II

    Unit I Rehabilitation policies and programmes in natural and created disasters: strategies, agencies and organizational structure.

    Unit II Human factors in rehabilitation: Anthropological perspectives.

    Unit III Case studies: Bhopal gas tragedy; Gujrat earthquakes; Orissa floods; Upper Indravati Hydro-electric project (examples to be added which may be region specific, national or international).

    Unit IV Super cyclone of Orissa, 1999 drought situation of western Orissa
    Recommended Readings:

    1. Bose, B.P.C., Disaster Policies and Administration: A Study of Three Andhra Disasters.

    2. Cohen, Stephen P. & C.V. Raghavulu, The Andhra Cyclone of 1988. Individual and Institutional Responses to Mass Death.

    3. Fernandes, Walter & Enakshi Ganduli Thakrai (Eds.), Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation.

    4. Gangopadhyay, T. & K.A. Mankodi, Rehabilitation: The Ecological and Economic Costs.

    5. Goldsmith & Hildyad, N., The Social and Environmental Effects of Large Dams.

    6. Keller, Stephen L., Uprooting and Social Change.

    7. Saklani, Girija, The Uprooted Tibetans.

    8. Schdder, T., The Human Ecology and Big Projects: River Basin Development and Resettlement. In Annual Review of Anthropology.

    E 6. Stratification and Change in Indian Society-II

    Unit I Single factor theories explaining social change, theories of social change-unilinear and cyclic factors.

    Unit II Factors of social change, Barriers to social change, Difference between social change and cultural change.

    Unit III Major socio-cultural changes in tribal and rural India: Joint family, Caste system, Jajmani system, Changing status of women in India.

    Unit IV Stratification and social change in urban India

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Srinivas, M. N., Social Change in Modern India.

    2. Singh, Yogender, Social Change and Stratification.

    3. Singh, Yogender, Modernization of Indian Tradition.

    4. Melvin, Tumin, Social Stratification.

    5. Briestead, Robert, Social Order.

    6. Rao, M.S.A., Urbanization in India.

    7. Madan, T. .N and Majumdar, Introduction to Social Anthropology.

    8. Sharma, K. L., Social Stratification in Rural India.

    9. Unithan, T.K., Social Stratification.

    Specialisation Course: B. Physical/Biological Anthropology (AN-BA)

    Compulsory Courses
    AN-BA. C. 521. Human Population Genetics

    Unit I Scope of human population genetics, its relevance in anthropology; concept of gene frequency and gene pool. Population structure and genetic structure. Mendelian population as the ultimate endogamous unit of population genetic study. Population structure in India. Role of social divisions and heirarchy in genetic isolation. Models of isolation and reproductive isolates.

    Unit II . Models to study gene flow – ‘island’ model, ‘diffusion’ model, ‘isolation by distance’ model. Mating system: Random mating or panmixis, nonrandom mating or selective mating/ preferential or assortative mating. Inbreeding and outbreeding. Inbreeding coefficient, inbreeding depression, homozygosis and heterozygosis.

    Unit III Principles of genetic equillibrium, Hardy-Weinberg law, causes for changes in gene frequencies in a population: mutation, hybridisation, genetic drift and selection.

    Unit IV Genetic polymorphism – Balanced and transient polymorphism with reference to sickle cell gene. Measurement of genetic similarity between populations.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. & Bodmer, W.F., The Genetics of Human Populations.

    2. Crow, J.F. & Kimura, M., An Introduction to Population Genetic Theory.

    3. Stern, C., Principles of Human Genetics.

    4. Winchester, A.M., Human Genetics.

    5. Giblett, E.R., Genetic Markers in Human Blood.

    6. Bhende and Kanitkar, Principles of Population Studies.

    7. Cox, Peter, Demography.

    8. Houser & Duncan, The Study of Population.

    9. shryock and Shryock, Methods and Materials of Demography.

    10. Shukla, B.R.K. & Rastogi, S., Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics – An Introduction.

    11. McKusick, V.A., Human Genetics.

    12. Li, C.C., Human Genetics.

    13. Malhotra, K.C. & ISHG, Calcutta, Statistical Methods in Human Population Genetics, IBRAD, ISI.

    14. Wright, S., Evolution and Genetics of Population.

    15. Harrison, G.A. & A.J. Boyce, Structure of Human Population.

    16. Stanfield, W.D., Theory and Problems of Genetics.

    17. Bhamarh, H.S. & Chaturvedi, C.M., A Textbook of Genetics.

    18. Rieger, R. et al., Glossary of Genetics – Classical and Molecular

    19. Mange, J.E. & Mange, A.P., Basic Human Genetics.

    20. Rothwell, N.V., Human Genetics.

    AN-BA. C. 522 Laboratory Based Practical - I

    1. Advanced practicals in serology: ABO, MN, and Rh systems,

    2. ABH secretion in the saliva

    3. Hemoglobin estimation

    4. Sickle cell trait detection

    5. PTC and colour-blindness
    6. Midphalangial hair, Hypertrichosis of the ear

    7. Estimation of allele frequencies for autosomal genes- Rh and MN loci

    8. Estimation of allele frequencies for sex-linked genes- Colourblindness locus

    9. Estimation of allele frequencies for multiple allelic locus-ABO blood group locus

    10. Statistical test for equilibrium frequencies

    11. Pedigree analysis

    AN-BA. C. 523 Laboratory Based Practical -II

    1. Introduction: Historical development of physical anthropology; Relevance of craniometry, cranioscopy and osteometry in physical anthropology; Normal and abnormal variations.

    2. Basic instruments especially used for craniometry and osteometry; Craniometric measurements: About 30 measurement taken directly covering linear, transverse, arcs, chords and circumference measurements on crania.

    3. Measuring directly and indirectly at least 5 angles on crania. Calculation of at least two cranial indices. Observations of a few traits on crania: supra orbital ridges, pterion, nuchal lines.

    4. Mandibulometry: At least 8 direct measurements on mandibles, teeth

    5. Dermatoglyphics: Topography of palm and sole, Methods of taking palm, finger and sole printings, Galton and Henry systems of analysis – Dermatoglyphic patterns on fingers and palm, Main Line Formulae and indices, atd and other angles

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Frazer, Human Anatomy.

    2. Singh, I.P. and Bhasin, M.K. Anthropometry.

    3. Weiner and Lourie, Human Biology – A Guide to Field Methods.

    4. Steward, T.D., Hrdlicka’s Practical Anthropology.

    5. Cummins, H. and Midlo, C., Dermatogplyphics – An introduction to fingerprints, palms and soles

    AN-BA. C. 524 Dissertation Writing and Viva

    The dissertation shall be based on the data collected by the candidate in the course of a month-long fieldwork conducted during third semester. Dissertation is to be prepared by the student under the supervision of the concerned teacher. The student is required to submit the dissertation through the supervising teacher to the Head of the Department for its evaluation at least fifteen days in advance of the date notified for examination. The dissertation shall be evaluated by an external examiner in consultation with the internal examiner (the supervising teacher). The candidate shall be awarded grade on the basis of his/her dissertation and performances in the viva-voce.

    Elective Courses for Physical/Biological Anthropology Specialization

    (For paper AN-BA. E. 525 and AN-BA. E. 526)

    E 2. Medical Anthropology-II

    Unit I National disease control programmes (Perspectives of host and environment in preference to that of agent).

    Unit II Medical statistics: Measurement of morbidity and mortality rates, incidence and prevalence rate, adjustment of rates and other vital statistics.

    Unit III Health and environment: Water pollution, air pollution and nois pollution. Anthropological approach to health system research methods and evaluation.

    Unit IV Health promotion and health programmers: Nutrition, Reproductive and Child Health, Family Welfare, Health Education, People’s perspectives on Aging

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Caudill, W., Applied Anthropology in Medicine.

    2. foster, G.M. & B.G. Anderson, Medical Anthropology.

    3. Banerjee B.G. & R. Jalota, Folk Illness and Ethnomedicine.

    4. Rivers, W.H.R., Medicine, Magic and Religion.

    5. Hasan, K., The Cultural Frontiers of Health.

    6. Bannermann et al. (Eds.), Traditional Medicine and Health Care Coverage (WHO).

    7. Kakar, D.N., Folk and Modern Medicine.

    8. Leslie, C. (Ed.), Asian Medical System.

    9. Loudon, J.B., Social Anthropology and Medicine.

    10. Madan T.N., Doctors and Society.

    11. Anti, A.H. & Bhatia, People’s Health in People’s Hand.

    12. Jajeebhoy, S., Women’s Autonomy, Education and Reproductive Health.

    13. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, National Health Policy.

    14. W.H.O., World Health Reports.

    15. Freeman, H.E. et al., Handbook of Medical Anthropology.

    16. Landy, D., Culture, Disease and Healing.

    17. National Institute of Health & Family Welfare, Maternal and Child Health.

    E 4. Growth and Nutrition

    Unit I Human growth and development: pre-natal and post-natal- definition; history of growth studies; pattern of growth: Infancy, childhood Juvenile, adolescence, adulthood, senility- human growth curves; - basic methods of growth studies- cross sectional; longitudinal, mixed longitudinal

    Unit II Factors for/or against growth – Genetics of growth, heredity and environment, concept of age – chronological, skeletal, dental, morphological and based on body size; changing human growth patterns, secular trend.

    Unit III Nutrition: Socio-cultural attributes of foods, hot, cold, preferences and avoidances, nutrition, nutrients: malnutrition, undernutrition, overnutrition, obesity. Types, functions and uses of nutrients; broad view, special problems related to growth and nutrition.

    Unit IV Groups at risk: infants, pregnant and lactating mothers , old age problems, birth weight variation. Determinants of nutritional levels: anthropometrics, clinical signs, biochemical test.

    Recommended books:

    1. Harrison et al Human Biology

    2. Tanner J. M. Fetus into Man

    3. Jelliff D. B. Community Nutritional Assessment with Special Reference to Less Developed Countries.

    4. Dixit Human Nutrition: Principles and Applications in India

    5. Shanti G. Nutrition and Child Care: A Practical Guide

    6. Watson and Lowery Growth and Development of Children

    7.B.Srilaxmi Nutrition Science

    8. Gopalan,C. Nutrtive value of Indian Foods

    9.Swaminatahn,M. Essentials of Food and Nutition: Applied Aspect

    10.Margart Schay Nutrition

    11.Rao,V.K.R.V. Food Nutrtion And Poverty.

    12.Nelson A Text Boobk of Pediatrics

    13.Garrow,J.S and James,W.P.T: Human Nutrition and Dietetics

    E 6. Applied Biological Anthropology-II

    Unit I Compatible and incompatible mating in respect to ABO and Rh blood groups and their consequences.

    Unit II Gene and environment interaction: Twin studies, Heredity-environment interaction – different approaches.

    Unit III Methods of positive and negative eugenics: Genetic engineering, euphenics,

    Medicolegal application of human genetics

    Unit IV Society and genetic diseases: Knowledge, attitude and curing practices. Genetic counseling approaches.

    Recommended Readings:

    1. Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. & Bodmer, W.F., The Genetics of Human Populations.

    2. Crow, J.F. & Kimura, M., An Introduction to Population Genetic Theory.

    3. Stern, C., Principles of Human Genetics.

    4. Winchester, A.M., Human Genetics.

    5. Giblett, E.R., Genetic Markers in Human Blood.

    6. Bhende and Kanitkar, Principles of Population Studies.

    7. Cox, Peter, Demography.

    8. Houser & Duncan, The Study of Population.

    9. shryock and Shryock, Methods and Materials of Demography.

    10. Shukla, B.R.K. & Rastogi, S., Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics –

    An Introduction.

    11. McKusick, V.A., Human Genetics.

    12. Li, C.C., Human Genetics.

    13. Malhotra, K.C. & ISHG, Calcutta, Statistical Methods in Human Population Genetics, IBRAD, ISI.

    14. Wright, S., Evolution and Genetics of Population.

    15. Harrison, G.A. & A.J. Boyce, Structure of Human Population.

    16. Stanfield, W.D., Theory and Problems of Genetics.

    17. Bhamarh, H.S. & Chaturvedi, C.M., A Textbook of Genetics.

    18. Rieger, R. et al., Glossary of Genetics – Classical and Molecular

    19. Mange, J.E. & Mange, A.P., Basic Human Genetics.

    20. Rothwell, N.V., Human Genetics.

    Short Biography of the Head of the Department

    Deepak Kumar Behera is professor and the head of the Department of Anthropology, Sambalpur University, India. He obtained his Master’s degree (Gold Medalist) and Ph.D. from Sambalpur University, India. Professor Behera was a Fulbright Visiting Professor at California State University at Long Beach during the Fall semester 2007. He was also a Visiting Professor in the Dept. of Anthropology, University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa (2001, 2003), Dept. of Anthropology, University of Durban-Westville, Durban, South Africa (2001), Institute of Psychology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2004) and Maison des Sciences de L’Homme, Paris, CNRS-EHESS, Toulouse (2006). He has more than 80 research publications in reputed journals and edited volumes. Most of his publications are in the fields of children and childhood and tribal studies. Professor Behera has authored/edited sixteen volumes. Some of the books published by Professor Behera in the field of children and childhood are: Contemporary Society: Childhood and Complex Order (Manak Publication, New Delhi, 1996), Children and Childhood in Contemporary Societies (Kamla-Raj Enterprise, New Delhi, 1998), Public Images of Children (Guest Editor, Special Issue of Journal of Social Sciences, New Delhi, 1999) and Children and Youth in the Metropolitan Cultures (Guest Editor, Special Issue of the International Journal of Anthropology, Florence, June 2001), Childhoods in South Asia (Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007). Professor Behera has published seven volumes of Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies (Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi) jointly with Professor Georg Pfeffer of Institute of Ethnology, Free University of Berlin, Germany. He has successfully completed more than a dozen research projects funded by UGC, ICSSR, Ministry of Welfare, National Literacy Mission Authorities, Winrock International, Shastri Foundation, WHO, etc. Besides participating in more than 20 different international conferences, Professor Behera has delivered several invited lecturers in different overseas universities and research institutes such as Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, Tel Aviv University, Israel, University of Orange Free State, South Africa University of Durban West-Ville, South Africa, University of California at Santa Cruz, University of Illinois at Chicago, University of Utah, Logan, etc. He was the Editor of the Journal of Social Sciences during 1997-2002. Professor Behera has been a member of the Executive Board of International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) for two consecutive terms, i.e. for the period 1998-2009. He is the Chairperson of the IUAES Commission on Children, Youth and Childhood. As the Chairperson of the international Commission, he has organized number of panels and sessions relating to children and youth in different international conferences and symposia. He was also the Officer-at-Large of the International Sociological Association Research Committee-53 - Sociology of Childhood for the session 1998-2006. He is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Journal - Sociological Analysis (North Carolina, USA), Boyhood Studies (New York, USA), Acta Academia (South Africa), and Practicing Anthropology (USA). Thirteen scholars have already received Ph.D. degree working under the supervision of Professor Behera.

    Mailing Address:

    Dr. Deepak Kumar Behera

    Professor and Head of the Department and Coordinator, MSW Programme

    Department of Anthropology, Sambalpur University

    Sambalpur-768 019, Orissa, India

    Email: [email protected]

    Phone: 9437058426 (Cell), 0663-2432660 (Office), 0663-2405426 (Res.)

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