Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR) is a national institute established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to carry out basic strategic and applied research on major pulse...more
Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR) is a national institute established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to carry out basic strategic and applied research on major pulse crops. Besides generating basic knowledge and material, the Institute also develops appropriate production and protection technologies, production and supply of breeder seeds of improved varieties, demonstration and transfer of technologies and strategic coordination of pulse research through wide network of testing centers across the country.
Before metamorphosing into its present incarnation in 1993, the Institute has started its journey as All India Coordinated Pulses Improvement Project (AICPIP) at Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi in 1966.Later in 1978, its headquarters was shifted to the then Regional Station of IARI at Kanpur under the name of Project Directorate (Pulses). It was further elevated as Directorate of Pulses Research (DPR) in 1984 and became an independent entity under the direct control of ICAR. The AICPIP was trifurcated into three coordinated projects on chickpea, pigeonpea and MULLaRP (mungbean, urdbean, lentil, lathyrus, rajmash and fieldpea) to provide focused attention on each crop. Since 1993, the Institute is playing a key role in strengthening the nutritional security and sustenance of soil health.
The Institute is located at Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh at 200 27' N latitude, 800 14' E longitude, and 152.4 meter above the mean sea level. It is situated on Grand Trunk Road and is about 12 km from Kanpur Central Railway Station towards New Delhi. The overall climate varies from semi-arid to sub-humid. Summers are very hot and winters cool and dry. The mean annual rainfall ranges from 800 to 1000mm.
Multidisciplinary research of both applied and basic nature in conducted under four divisions viz., Crop Improvement, Crop Production, Crop Protection and Physiology, Biochemistry & Microbiology. These are well complemented by the units of Agricultural Extension, Statistics and Computer Application, Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Engineering. To cater to the needs of the Institute's activities and mandate, service units such as Farm Management, Library & Informatics, ARIS Cell, Hindi Cell, Art & Reprography and Publication & Documentation are in place.
The Institute has well- developed 84 ha research farm. A weather- controlled green house complex as a post entry quarantine facility has been operational to screen exotic germplasm for intercepting seed borne viruses. In addition, screening facilities against major insect pests and diseases of pulse crops have been developed. Rainout shelter to screen genotypes against drought, well-equipped laboratories, medium-term germplasm storage, weather observatory, library, seminar hall, farmers guesthouse, museum, etc., have been created. The computer cell provides facilities for database management, documentation and statistical analyses. The library houses exhaustive literature on pulse crops besides CAB abstracting on CD-ROM. The museum depicts pulse technologies developed by the Institute to visitors. The Institute has 55 highly qualified and competent scientists working in various divisions, besides 71 technical, 29 administrative and 70 supporting personnel.
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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF PULSES RESEARCH was established in the year 1993,
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