The Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering aims to develop appropriate equipment and processes for modernization of agriculture utilizing animate and mechanical power sources. It also aims to develop technology for reducing post harvest losses and add value to agro-produce through processing. The Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering aims to develop appropriate equipment and processes for modernization of agriculture utilizing animate and mechanical power sources. It also aims to develop technology for reducing post harvest losses and add value to agro-produce through processing. Indian agriculture has achieved dramatic success in food grains production to more than 198 million tonnes during 1996-97 from a mere 51 million tonnes in 1950-51. This has been possible through introduction of high yielding crop varieties, improved irrigation facilities, application of higher doses of fertilizer and adoption of plant protection measures. The effectiveness of these agricultural inputs was further increased through improved agricultural machinery. Today, the country is producing more than 2,50,000 tractors, 700,000 irrigation pump sets, 450,000 plant protection equipment and 250,000 power threshers every year besides other farm machinery. To address technological issues related to agricultural engineering, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi established the Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering (CIAE) on February 15, 1976 in the State of Madhya Pradesh at Bhopal. The CIAE aims to develop equipment appropriate for modernization of agriculture, besides reducing drudgery of male and female farm workers; to reduce post harvest losses and add value to agro-produces for higher returns; to develop gadgets and appliances for conservation of animate and mechanical energy besides supplementation through renewable energy sources; pilot introduction of technology through front line demonstration, s
CIAE provides leadership and coordinates research through a network of research centres established all over the country for developing commodity and location specific technologies for modernization of agriculture and undertaking agro-processing. The CIAE has established its name in India and abroad for development and promotion of technology in the area of agricultural engineering. This is evident from the extent of adoption of technology. Technology developed at the Institute is extensively tried on farmers' field through the Network of Research Centres prior to undertaking pilot introduction and commercialization. This gives confidence amongst scientists and engineers to undertake lead research in the country. The CIAE has undertaken improvement and refinement in the existing designs and developed new machines for crop production and post harvest operations; upgradation and adoption of foreign designs to suit local requirements; development of technology for conservation of agro-produce and value addition through processing; studies for integrated energy management and development of technology for supplementation of energy in agriculture through renewable energy sources. || FARM MECHANIZATION || AGRO-PROCESSING || RENEWABLE ENERGY || || DRAUGHT ANIMAL POWER || TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER || || IRRIGATION & DRAINAGE || \ FARM MECHANIZATION Scientists at CIAE have developed a variety of agricultural equipment operated by human, animal and mechanical power for modernization of small and large farms. The development on farms mechanization include, tillage and sowing equipment for vertisol : blade harrow, multipurpose tool frame and till planter, seed cum fertilizer drill, groundnut planter and rice transplanter, ergonomically designed long handled weeders and power tiller operated cultivator for higher productivity and reduced drudgery in weeding and interculture operations, system for controlled drip and sprinkler irrigation in vertisol, water harvesting ponds for irrigation and fish culture using water judiciously, serrated sickle to reduce drudgery, reaper windrower (walk behind and riding type), multicrop spike-tooth thresher and strippers for oilseeds and pulses to mechanize harvesting and threshing. Nursery raising technology was standardized for power operated mechanical rice transplanter. Mechanized transplanting was found 68.7 per cent lower energy consumption, 46.7 per cent lower cost of operation and 32.3 per cent higher yield compared to hand transplanting.
No till drilling compared to the conventional sowing of wheat after harvest of rice, saved 68.4 per cent time of operation, 61.7 per cent operational energy use without any major detrimental effect on the growth and yield of the crop. Study on mechanized cultivation of direct seeded rice in vertisols showed Rs. 11069 per hectare cost of production and 6116 MJ/ha direct energy use and 4 tonnes/ha yield. A 6 row tractor operated inclined plate planter was developed for sowing small to bold seeds. Field capacity of planter was 0.5 to 0.58 ha/h for different crops.
Operating conditions for maximum recovery were optimized for spray dried soymilk. Physico-chemical and microbiological quality analysis of the dried milk were carried out. Enzymatic pre-treatment of Papain and cellulase respectively increased oil recovery of soybean by 4-9 per cent. A double reflector solar cooker developed by CIAE gave 35-45°C more peak stagnant temperature and took 16 to 27 per cent lesser heating time compared to single reflector commercial solar cooker. Silencer design affect tractor engine performance significantly. Silencer with more surface area of expansion chamber performed better compared to others.
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Three villages were selected for providing technologies through IVLP. Various interventions indicated that there is a positive trend in the application of the new technologies. Organized 49 training to the farmers/farm women on improved cultivation of crops, nursery raising, preparation of dishes, value added products, chulha making, tractor operation, winding, handicraft items, tailoring etc. and trained 353 persons. Follow up action indicated that 66% of the trainees adopted the technology and helped to increase their income one half to more than four times. Rural women from 4 villages were trained in primary processing of cereals, pulses and spices. Agro-processing units have been installed in two villages with the cooperation of State Government of Madhya Pradesh. Organized Kisan Mela, Kisan Goshti, Kisan Day, 5 field days, and 15 Farmers Group Meeting. A total of 2457 farmers attended out of which 181 were farm women.
896 prototypes of various implements were supplied to eight KVK centres under Front line Demonstration. Thirty one training course were organized for 350 subject matter specialists, teachers, scientists and engineers. Four courses for 47 potential entrepreneurs were organized in soymilk and soypaneer production. Three computer training was conducted which was attended by 26 participants from SAU's and other sister organizations.
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