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CUCET Applied Geology And Geoinformatics Applied Geography Syllabus

Central Universities Common Entrance Test commonly known as CUCET is conducted for admission to Integrated / Under-graduate, Post-graduate and Research Programmes in Centres Universities. Ten Central Universities (Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu, Jharkhand, Kashmir, Kerala, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu) have joined hands and institutionalised "Central Universities Common Entrance Test" (CUCET). Thus, one single application and entrance test (CUCET) provides opportunities for admission in Ten Central Universities located nationwide.

This is part of PG Syllabus for CUCET


CUCET Applied Geology And Geoinformatics Applied Geography Syllabus

Test Paper Code: PGQP20

Section - A

Physical Geology:

Introduction to geology and its scope, Earth and solar system: origin, size,shape, mass, density and its atmosphere. A brief account of various theories regarding the origin and age of the Earth. Brief idea of interior of earth and its composition. Weathering and erosion:
factors, types and their effects. Earthquakes: nature of seismic waves, their intensity and magnitude scale; Origin of earthquake. Volcanoes: types, products and causes of volcanism.


Basic principles of Geomorphology, geomorphological cycles, weathering and erosion; Geomorphic mapping- tools and techniques. Epigene/exogenic processes: degradation and aggradation. Hypogene/endogenic processes; Diastrophism and volcanism, Extraterrestrial processes; Geological work of wind, glacier, river, underground water and ocean.


Earth as a dynamic system. Elementary idea of continental drift, sea-floor spreading and mid-oceanic ridges.Paleomagnetism and its application. Plate Tectonics: the concept, plate margins, orogeny, deep sea trenches, island arcs and volcanic arcs.

Environmental Geology:

Earth and its spheres: atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere and Man; Earth Material. Energy budget: Solar radiation. Global environments: coastal, riverine, desertic, tropical, cold, polar. Concept of global warming and climate change.

Geoloigcal hazards:

Earthquakes, volcanism, landslides, avalanches, floods, droughts; Hazard mitigation. Resource Management: Energy resources (Conventional and non-conventional), watershed management, land use planning, management of water resources, land reclamation.

Structural Geology:

Introduction to Structural Geology; contours, topographic and geological maps; Elementary idea of bed, dip and strike; Outcrop, effects of various structures on outcrop.Clinometer/Brunton compass and its use. Elementary idea of types of deformation; Folds: nomenclature and types of folds. Faults: nomenclature, geometrical and genetic classifications, normal, thrust and slip faults. Definition, kinds and significance of joints and unconformity


Definition of hydrogeology,

Hydrological cycle.Hydrological parameters - Precipitation, evaporation, transpiration and infiltration.Origin of groundwater; Vertical distribution of groundwater.Types of aquifers; Water bearing properties of rocks - Porosity and Permeability; specific yield, specific retention. Surface and subsurface geophysical and geological methods of ground water exploration. Groundwater provinces of India.

Physical Geography

– Definition and Scope, Components of Earth System. 2. Atmosphere –
Heat Balance, Global Circulation Pattern, Tropical Cyclones, Monsoon, Climatic Classification
(Koppen). 3. Lithosphere – Internal Structure of Earth based on Seismic Evidence, Plate Tectonics and its Associated Features. 4. Fluvial Cycle of Erosion – Davis and Penck. 5. Hydrosphere – Hydrological Cycle, Ocean Bottom Relief Features, Tides and Current

Fundamentals of Remote sensing & GIS:

Remote sensing systems; remote sensing sensors; signatures of rocks, minerals and soils. Application of remote sensing in geoscience and geomorphological studies. Types of Indian and Foreign Remote Sensing Satellites, Digital image processing; fundamental steps in image processing; elements of pattern recognition and image classification. Introduction to Geographic Information System (GIS); components of GIS; product generation in GIS; tools for map analysis; integration of GIS with remote sensing.



Crystals and their characters, form, face, edge, solid angle; Interfacial angle and their measurements; Crystallographic axes and angles. Crystal parameters, Weiss and Miller system of notations.Symmetry elements and description of normal class of Isometric, Tetragonal,
Hexagonal, Trigonal, Orthorhombic, Monoclinic and Triclinic systems.


Introduction to Mineralogy, Definition and characters of mineral. Physical properties of minerals. Chemical composition and diagnostic physical properties of minerals such as: Quartz, Orthoclase, Microcline, Hypersthene, Hornblende, Garnet, Muscovite, Biotite, Chlorite, Olivine, Epidote, Calcite. Polarizing microscope, its parts and functioning; Ordinary and polarized lights; Common optical properties observed under ordinary, polarized lights and crossed nicols. Optical properties of some common rock forming minerals (Quartz, Orthoclase, Microcline, Olivine, Augite, Hornblende, Muscovite, Biotite, Garnet, Calcite).


Introduction to geochemistry: basic knowledge about crystal chemistry. Types of chemical bonds, coordination number; Colloids in geological systems, ion exchanges and geological evidence for earlier colloids.Elementary idea of Periodic Table. : Cosmic abundance of elements; Composition of the planets and meteorites; Geochemical evolution of the earth and geochemical cycles. Gold Schmidt's geochemical classification of elements; Distribution of major, minor and trace elements in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks.Elements of geochemical thermodynamics; Isomorphism and polymorphism.


Igneous Petrology: Magma: definition, composition, types and origin; Forms of igneous rocks; textures of igneous rocks. Reaction principle; Differentiation and Assimilation; Crystallization of unicomponent and bicomponent (mix-crystals) systems; Bowen’s reaction
series.Mineralogical and chemical classification of igneous rocks. Detailed petrographic description of Granite, Granodiorite, Rhyolite, Syenite, Phonolite, Diorite, Gabbro. Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks; Classification, textures and structures of sedimentary rocks. Petrographic details of important siliciclastic and carbonate rocks such as - conglomerate, breccia, sandstone, greywacke, shale, limestones. Process and products of metamorphism; Type of metamorphism.Factors, zones and grades of metamorphism.Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks.Classification of metamorphic rocks. Petrographic details of some important metamorphic rocks such as - slate, schists, gneiss, quartzite, marble.

Economic Geology:

Concept of ore and ore deposits, ore minerals and gangue minerals; Tenor of ores; Metallic and non-metallic ore minerals; Strategic, Critical and essential minerals. Processes of formation of ore deposits; Magmatic, contact metasomatic, hydrothermal, sedimentation.Study of important metallic (Cu, Pb, Zn Mn, Fe, Au, Al) and non-metallic (industrial) minerals (gypsum, magnesite, mica).Distribution of coal and petroleum in India.

Mineral exploration:

Elementary idea of geological, geochemical and geophysical prospecting. Elementary idea of mining and environmental considerations for mining,.


Definition, Principle of stratigraphy; Geological Time Scale and stratigraphic classification; Physiographic division of India. Study of following Precambrian succession: Dharwar, Cuddapha, Vindhyan and Delhi Supergroups; Brief idea of Palaeozoic succession of northwestern Himalaya; Triassic of Spiti; Mesozoic type seccession of Kutch and Rajasthan; Cretaceous of Tiruchirapalli. Study of following type localities: Gondwana and Deccan Trap. Palaeogene-Neogene sequences of northwest Himalaya and Assam.


Definition, Fossils: definition, characters, binomial nomenclature in taxonomy, mode of preservation, condition of fossilization and significance of fossils. Morphology and geological distribution of brachiopods, pelecypods, cephalopods.Morphology and geological distribution of trilobite, echinoidea.Evolutionary history of horse. Morphology, distribution and significance of Gondwana flora

Human Geography

Definition, Nature, Major Subfields, Contemporary Relevance. 2. Space and Society: Cultural Regions; Race; Religion and Language 3. Population: Population Growth and Demographic Transition Theory. 4. World Population Distribution and Composition (Age, Gender and Literacy). 5. Settlements: Types and Patterns of Rural Settlements; Classification of Urban Settlements; Trends and Patterns of World Urbanization

General Cartography

Maps – Types, Elements and Uses 2. Map Scale – Types and Application, Reading Distances on a Map. 3. Map Projections – Criteria for Choice of Projections; Attributes and Properties of: Zenithal Gnomonic Polar Case, Zenithal Stereographic Polar Case, Cylindrical Equal Area, Mercator’s Projection, Conical Projection with Two Standard Parallel, Bonne’s Projection. 4. epresentation of Data – Symbols, Dots, Choropleth, Isopleth and Flow Diagrams, Interpretation of Thematic Maps.

Environmental Geography:

Concepts and Approaches; Ecosystem – Concept and Structure; Ecosystem Functions. 2. Human-Environment Relationship in Equatorial, Desert, Mountain and Coastal Regions. 1. Environmental Problems and Management: Air Pollution; Biodiversity Loss; Solid and LiquidWaste. 2. Environmental Programmes and Policies: Developed Countries; Developing Countries. 3. New Environmental Policy of India; Government Initiatives.

Geography of India

1. Physical Setting – Location, Structure and Relief, Drainage, Climate. 2. Population – Size and Growth since 1901, Population Distribution, Literacy, Sex Ratio. 3. Settlement System - Rural Settlement Types and Patterns, Urban Pattern. 4. Resource Base – Livestock (cattle and
fisheries), Power (coal, and hydroelectricity), Minerals (iron ore and bauxite). 5. Economy – Agriculture (Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Groundnut, Cotton); Industries (Cotton Textile, Iron-Steel, Automobile), Transportation Modes (Road and Rail).

Economic Geography

1. Definition, Approaches and Fundamental Concepts of Economic Geography; Patterns of Development. 2. Locational Theories – Agriculture (Von Thunen) and Industrial (Weber). 3. Primary Activities – Intensive Subsistence Farming, Commercial Grain Farming, Plantation, Commercial Dairy Farming, Commercial Fishing, and Mining (iron ore, coal and petroleum). 4. Secondary Activities – Cotton Textile Industry, Petro-Chemical Industry, Major Manufacturing Regions. 5. Tertiary and Quaternary Activities – Modes of Transportation, Patterns of International Trade, and Information and Communication Technology Industry.

Disaster Management

1. Hazards, Risk, Vulnerability and Disasters: Definition and Concepts. 2. Disasters in India: (a) Causes, Impact, Distribution and Mapping: Flood, Landslide, Drought. 3. Disasters in India: (b) Causes, Impact, Distribution and Mapping: Earthquake, Tsunami and Cyclone. 4. Human induced disasters: Causes, Impact, Distribution and Mapping. 5. Response and Mitigation to Disasters: Mitigation and Preparedness, NDMA and NIDM; Indigenous Knowledge and Community-Based Disaster Management; Do’s and Don’ts During Disasters

Geography of Tourism

1. Concepts, Nature and Scope; Inter-Relationships of Tourism, Recreation and Leisure; eographical Parameters of Tourism by Robinson. 2. Type of Tourism: Nature Tourism, Cultural Tourism, Medical Tourism, Pilgrimage 3. Recent Trends of Tourism: International and Regional; Domestic (India); EcoTourism, Sustainable Tourism, Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) 4. Impact of Tourism: Economy; Environment; Society 5.
Tourism in India: Tourism Infrastructure; Case Studies of Himalaya, Desert and Coastal and Heritage; National Tourism Policy

Sustainability and Development

1. Sustainability: Definition, Components and Sustainability for Development. 2. The Millennium Development Goals: National Strategies and International Experiences 3. Sustainable Development: Need and examples from different Ecosystems. 4. Inclusive Development: Education, Health; Climate Change: The role of higher education in sustainability; The human right to health; Poverty and disease; Sustainable Livelihood Model;
Policies and Global Cooperation for Climate Change 5. Sustainable Development Policies and Programmes: Rio+20; Goal-Based Development; Financing for Sustainable Development; Principles of Good Governance; National Environmental Policy, CDM.


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