Contents

- SAAT Syllabus: Appendix- X Syllabus For M.Tech
- M.Tech In Electronics & Communication Engineering
- M.Tech In Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering
- Unit – II : Electronics And Communication Engineering
- M.Tech. In Mechanical Engineering
- M.Tech. In Electronics & Electrical Engineering (Power Systems & Power Electronics) / M.Tech In Electrical Engineering
- Unit - II : Electrical Engineering
- Syllabus For M.Tech In Computer Science & Engineering / M.Tech In Information Technology / M.Tech In Computer Science & Data Processing
- Syllabus For M.Tech In Biotechnology
- M.Tech In Environment Science & Technology
- M.Tech In Materia Science & Technology

Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University Admission Test (SAAT),a National Level Entrance Test is conducted by Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University every year to select bright students from different parts of our country. The test is being conducted for different programs offered in different constituent institutes / schools of the university.

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## SAAT Syllabus: Appendix- X Syllabus For M.Tech

### M.Tech In Electronics & Communication Engineering

i.Communication System Engineering

ii. Digital Signal & Image Processing

### M.Tech In Electronics And Instrumentation Engineering

i. VLSI Design and Embedded System

ii. Microelectronics

#### Unit - I : Engineering Mathematics

**Linear Algebra:** Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors.

**Calculus:** Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, fourier series. vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, stokes, gauss and green’s theorems.

**Differential equations:** First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, initial and boundary value problems, partial differential equations and variable separable method.

**Complex variables:** Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, residue theorem, solution integrals.

**Probability and Statistics:** Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, poisson, normal and binomial distribution, correlation and regression analysis.

**Numerical Methods:** Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

**Transform Theory:** Fourier transform, laplace transform, Ztransform.

### Unit – II : Electronics And Communication Engineering

**Networks:** Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton’s maximum power transfer, Wye-Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks.

**Electronic Devices:** Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers. p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-In and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASERs. Device

technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.

**Analog Circuits:** Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. Amplifiers: single-and multistage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers. Simple op-amp circuits.

Filters. Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; singletransistor and op-amp configurations. Function generators

and wave-shaping circuits, 555 Timers. Power supplies.

**Digital circuits:** Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs and PLAs.

Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shiftregisters. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs.

Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor(8085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing. Signals and Systems: Definitions and properties of Laplace transform, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, z-transform. Sampling theorem. Linear TimeInvariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems.

**Control Systems:** Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency

response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag ompensation, elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.

**Communications:** Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals ofinformation theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM.

**Electromagnetics:** Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss and Stokes theorems, Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.

### M.Tech. In Mechanical Engineering

i. Thermal Science and Heat Power Engineering

ii. Manufacturing Science & Engineering

iii. Mechanical System Design

#### Unit - I : Engineering Mathematics

**Linear Algebra:** Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors. Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

**Differential equations:** First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

**Complex variables:** Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

**Probability and Statistics:** Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

**Numerical Methods:** Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

#### Unit - II : Applied Mechanics And Design

**Engineering Mechanics:** Free body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane motion, including impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and engrgy formulatios Impact.

**Strength of Materials:** Stress and strain, stress-strain relationship and elastic constants, Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain, thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts; Euler’s theory of columns; strain energy methods; thermal stresses.

**Theory of Machines:** Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of slider-crank mechanism; gear trains; flywheels.

**Vibrations:** Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems; effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance, critical speeds of shafts.

**Design:** Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints, shafts, spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes and clutches energy formulations; impact.

#### Unit - III : Fluid Mechanics And Thermal Sciences

**Fluid Mechanics:** Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy; control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli?s equation; viscous flow of incompressible fluids; boundary layer; elementary turbulent flow; flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends etc.

**Heat-Transfer:** Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical analogy, unsteady heat conduction, fins; dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and through pipes; thermal boundary layer; effect of turbulence; radiative heat transfer, black and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods.

**Thermodynamics:** Zeroth, First and Second laws of thermodynamics; thermodynamic system and processes; Carnot cycle. irreversibility and availability; behaviour of ideal and real gases, properties of pure substances, calculation of work and heat in ideal processes; analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion.

**Applications:** Power Engineering: Steam Tables, Rankine, Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: air-standard Otto, Diesel cycles. Refrigeration and airconditioning: Vapour refrigeration cycle, heat pumps, gas refrigeration, Reverse Brayton cycle; moist air: psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines, impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams.

#### Unit - IV : Manufacturing And Industrial Engineering

**Engineering Materials:** Structure and properties of engineering materials, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials.

**Metal Casting:** Design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design, design considerations.

**Forming:**Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy.

**Joining:** Physics of welding, brazing and soldering; adhesive bonding; design considerations in welding.

**Machining and Machine Tool Operations:** Mechanics of machining, single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional machining processes; principles of work holding, principles of design of jigs and fixtures.

**Metrology and Inspection:** Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly.

**Computer Integrated Manufacturing:** Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools.Production Planning and Control: Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning.

**Inventory Control:** Deterministic and probabilistic models; safety stock inventory control systems.

**Operations Research:** Linear programming, simplex and duplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM.

### M.Tech. In Electronics & Electrical Engineering (Power Systems & Power Electronics) / M.Tech In Electrical Engineering

i.Power Electronics & Drives

ii. Energy Technology & Management

iii. Renewable Energy

#### Unit - I : Engineering Mathematics

**Linear Algebra:** Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

**Calculus:** Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

**Differential equations:** First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

**Complex variables:** Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

**Probability and Statistics:** Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

**Numerical Methods:** Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

**Transform Theory:** Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform.

### Unit - II : Electrical Engineering

**Electric Circuits and Fields:** Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of dc and ac networks; sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s, Norton’s and Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, two-port networks, three phase circuits; Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions; Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws; inductance; dielectrics; capacitance.

**Signals and Systems:** Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear, time-invariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem; Fourier, Laplace and Z transforms.

**Electrical Machines:** Single phase transformer - equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three phase transformers - connections, parallel operation; autotransformer; energy conversion principles; DC machines - types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors; three phase induction motors - principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; single phase induction motors; synchronous machines - performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications; servo and stepper motors.

**Power Systems:** Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable performance, insulation; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; per-unit quantities; bus impedance and admittance matrices; load flow; voltage control; power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components; fault analysis; principles of over-current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit breakers; system stability concepts, swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts.

**Control Systems:** Principles of feedback; transfer function; block diagrams; steady-state errors; Routh and Niquist techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and lead-lag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix, controllability and observability.

**Electrical and Electronic Measurements:** Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; instrument transformers; digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement; Qmeters; oscilloscopes; potentiometric recorders; error analysis.

**Analog and Digital Electronics:** Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiers - biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers - characteristics and applications; simple active filters; VCOs and timers; combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; Schmitt trigger; multi-vibrators; sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters; 8-bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.

**Power Electronics and Drives:** Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs - static characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge converters - fully controlled and half controlled; principles of choppers and inverters; basis concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac drives.

### Syllabus For M.Tech In Computer Science & Engineering / M.Tech In Information Technology / M.Tech In Computer Science & Data Processing

#### Unit - I : Engineering Mathematics

**Mathematical Logic:** Propositional Logic; First Order Logic.

**Probability: Conditional Probability; Mean, Median, Mode and Standard Deviation; Random Variables; Distributions; uniform, normal, exponential, Poisson, Binomial.**

**Set Theory & Algebra:** Sets; Relations; Functions; Groups; Partial Orders; Lattice; Boolean Algebra.

**Combinatorics:** Permutations; Combinations; Counting; Summation; generating functions; recurrence relations; asymptotics.

**Graph Theory:**Connectivity; spanning trees; Cut vertices & edges; covering; matching; independent sets; Colouring; Planarity; Isomorphism.

**Linear Algebra:** Algebra of matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

**Numerical Methods:** LU decomposition for systems of linear equations; numerical solutions of non linear algebraic equations by Secant, Bisection and Newton-Raphson Methods; Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules.

**Calculus:** Limit, Continuity & differentiability, Mean value Theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite & improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivatives, maxima & minima.

#### Unit – II : Formal Languages And Automata

**Regular Languages :** Finite automata, regular expressions, regular grammar.

**Context free languages : ** Push down automata, context free grammars.

#### Unit – III : Computer Hardware

**Digital Logic:** Logic functions, minimization, design and synthesis of combinatorial and sequential circuits, number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point)

**Computer organization:** Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU and data path, hardwired and microprogrammed control, memory interface, I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode), serial communication interface, instruction pipelining, cache, main and secondary storage.

#### Unit- IV : Software Systems

**Data structures and Algorithms :** The notion of abstract data types, stack, queue, list, set, string, tree, binary search tree, heap, graph, tree and graph traversals, connected components, spanning trees, shortest paths, hashing, sorting, searching, design techniques (greedy, dynamic, divide and conquer), asymptotic analysis (best, worst, average cases) of time and space, upper and lower bounds, intractability.

**Programming Methodology :** C programming, program control (iteration, recursion, functions), scope, binding, parameter passing, elementary concepts of object oriented programming.

**Operating Systems (in the context of Unix):** classical concepts (concurrency, synchronization, deadlock), processes, threads and interprocess communication, CPU scheduling, memory management, file systems, I/O systems, protection and security.

**Information Systems and Software Engineering:** information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, maintenance.

**Databases: **relational model, database design, integrity constraints, normal forms, query languages (SQL), file structures (sequential, indexed), b-trees, transaction and concurrency control.

**Data Communication :** data encoding and transmission, data link control, multiplexing, packet switching, LAN architecture, LAN systems (Ethernet, token ring), Network devices: switches, gateways, routers.

**Networks :** ISO/OSI stack, sliding window protocols, routing protocols, TCP/UDP, application layer protocols & systems (http, smtp, dns, ftp), network security Web technologies : three tier web based architecture; JSP, ASP, J2EE, .NET systems; html, XML.

#### M.Tech In Civil Engineering

i. Structural Engineering

ii. Geotechnical Engineering

#### Unit- I : Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite

and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector

identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

#### UNnit- II : Structural Engineering

Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically

determinate beams.

Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis: Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in

statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis

by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and

indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.

Concrete Structures: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beamcolumns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam–column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

#### Unit- III : Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil classification, three - phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability and seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test.

Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes- infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation

types- foundation design requirements. Shallow foundationsbearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands and clays. Deep foundations – pile types, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, negative skin friction.

#### Unit - IV : Water Resources Enginering

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics: Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding

equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed

of pumps and turbines.

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood

estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.

Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapotranspiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.

#### Unit- V : Environmental Engineering

Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards,

water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and

sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of

wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics

of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater,

sludge disposal.

Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality

standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for

solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

#### Unit- VI : Transportation Engineering

Highway Planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid

pavements.

Traffic Engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design,

highway capacity.

#### Unit - VII : Surveying

Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.

### Syllabus For M.Tech In Biotechnology

#### Unit -I : Industrial Biotechnology

Isolation, preservation and improvement of industrial microorganisms, Cell culture techniques & aseptic transfers, Fermentor Design, surafce & submerged liquid substrate fermentation, solid substrate fermentations, fermentation substrate raw material, down streaming processing, Bio-mass production- alcohol, lactic acid, vinegar, industrial chemical, bio insecticides, amino acids, , vitamins, fats and oils], health care products-antibiotics steroids, vaccines,Industrial Enzymes -amylase, proteases, lipases, concepts of immobilized enzymes.Down stream processing: introduction, removal of microbial cells and solid mater, foam reparation,

precipitation, filtrations, centrifugation, cell disruption and membrane process. Drying and crystallization.

#### Unit- II : Molecular Biology

DNA Replication: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic DNA replication, Mechanism of DNA replication, Enzyme and accessory proteins involved in DNA replication; DNA Repair and Recombination. Transcription: Prokaryotic transcription, Eukaryotic transcription, RNA polymer-rase, General and specific transcription factors, regulatory elements and mechanism of transcription regulation, Transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing.

#### UNIT - III : Bioinstrumentation

Principle and Use of analytical instruments: pH meter, Oxymeter, UV_VIS Spectrophotometer, Florescence spectrophotometer, IR- spectrophotometer, ESR and NMR Spectroscopy. Separation Techniques in Biology: Molecular separation by Chromatography, Electrophoresis, organelles separation by centrifugation, density gradient centrifugation, cell separation by flow cytometry.

#### Unit- IV : Plant And Animal Biotechnology

Germplasm conservation, synthetic seed formation, production of secondary metabolites through tissue culture, green house technology, application of plant tissue culture. Primary and established cell line cultures. Equipments and materials for animal cell culture technology. Biology and characterization of the cultured cells. Application of animal cell culture.

#### Unit - V : Immunology

The immune system- lymphocytes, their origin and diffetrentiation, antigents, their structure and classification, compliments & their bilogical functions, types of immune response, anatomy of immune response. Immunity to infection-hyper sensitivity reactions,

mechanism of T cell, activation,cytokines & their role in immune response, macrophage activation & granuloma formation.

#### Unit - VI : Biostatistics And Bioinformatics

Additive and multiplicative laws of probability concept and correlation; regression; methods of least squares. Test of hypothesis, student t-test and paired t-test, chi squares tests, Z-test, F-test random number generation-testing and use; Probability density and cumulative distribution function; systematic and random sampling. Applications and prospects, Bioinformatics and internet, NCBI data base,genome and protein information resources, submitting DNA sequence to data base, sequence alignment and database searching, sequence analysis, multiple sequence alignment, homology and analogy, pattern recognition.Analysis package. NTSYS-PC , Phlylip, Free tree, Phylogenetic analysis: fundamentals elements of phylogenetic model, tree interpretation, tree evaluation comparative genome analysis large scale genome analysis, molecular modelling to discover and degign new molecules, deriving and using 3D pharma cores, molecular docking-structure based methods to identify lead components.

#### Unit - VII : Biothics

Legal implications, biodiversity & farmers right, benificial applications & development of research focusto to the need of the poor, identification of directions for yeild effect in agriculture, aquaculture, bioremidiation.

### M.Tech In Environment Science & Technology

#### Unit-I : Ecology

Ecosystem, Energy Flow, Biogeochemical Cycles – Water, Carbon, and Nitrogen, Food Chain and Food Web.

#### Unit-II : Environmental Chemistry

Modes of expressing concentrations, Chemical properties of water, pH, alkalinity and Hardness. Measuring parameters of organic matter in water – BOD, COD, TOD&TOC. Atmospheric Chemistry – Primary and Secondary Air Pollutants, Acid rain, Photochemical smog, Ozone layer depletion, Green house effect – Global warming. Chemical and Biochemical Reactions. Kinetics of Reactions, Material Balance, Reactor Configurations.

#### Unit-III : Water Pollution

Genesis of water pollution, Water Quality Standard and Parameter, Characteristics of water pollution, Assessment of water quality, Fresh water pollution, Estuarine water quality, Surface water quality, Dearation and reparation kinetics, DO

and BOD in streams.

#### Unit-IV : AIR Pollution

Global air pollution, Units of measurement, Air pollutants, Air pollution meteorology, Atmospheric dispersion.

#### Unit-V : Noise Pollution

Source, Physical properties of sound, Noise standards and thresholds, Noise measurement, Effect of noise, Noise

control.

#### Unit-VI : Water Treatment

Water treatment process, Pretreatment of water, Primary treatment, Coagulation and flocculation, Filtration,

Disinfection, Advanced water treatment process.

#### Unit-VII : Waste Water Treatment

Type of waste water, Wastewater characteristics, Wastewater flow rate and sewerage system, Wastewater pretreatment,

Primary and Secondary, Kinetics of Bacterial Growth, Activated sludge process.

#### Unit-VIII : Solid Waste Management

Classification of solid wastes, MSW, compositions, Physical Properties, Component Separation, Municipal Solid Waste

Management, Biological Treatment of MSW, Thermal Treatment of MSW.

#### Unit- IX : Hazardous Waster Management

Different types of Hazardous waste, Generation of Hazardous waste, Hazardous waste Treatment facility, Incineration.

#### Unit-X : Industrial Air Emission Control

Particulate control measure, Gravity settling chambers, Centrifugal collectors, ESP, Condensation, Absorption, Adsorption, FGD, Nox Emission Control, Odour Abatement, Fugitive Emission.

#### Unit- XI : Principles Of Environment Management

Environmental Management System (EMS), Benetits of EMS, EMS – Standard, ISO-14000 Series, Environment Auditing, Environment Legislation in India.

#### Unit-XII : Waste Minimization

Concept, Elements of Waste Minimization, Benetits, Waste Reduction Technique, Life Cycle Assessment

#### Unit-XIII : Environment Impact Assessment(EIA)

Purpose, Origin, Evolution, Option, Project Screening, Scoping, Preparation, Structure, Review.

### M.Tech In Materia Science & Technology

#### Unit -I : Structure

Atomic structure and bonding in materials. Crystal structure of materials, crystal systems, unit cells and space lattices,

miller indices of planes and directions, packing geometry in metallic, ionic and covalent solids. Concept of amorphous,single and polycrystalline structures and their effect on properties of materials.

#### Unit-II: Thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics, heat, energy, and work; second law of thermodynamics and entropy; third law and absolute ntropy; free energy; ideal and non-ideal solutions; phase transformation: phase rule and phase diagrams - one, two, and three component systems; chemical equilibrium, response of chemical equilibrium to temperature and pressure; colligative properties; thermodynamics of electrochemical cells; standard electrode potentials: applications - corrosion and energy conversion.

#### Unit-III: Chemistry Of Elements

General characteristics, allotropes, structure and reactions of simple and industrially important compounds: boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazines. Shapes of molecules; hardsoft acid base concept. Structure and bonding (VBT) of B, Al, Si, N, P, S, Cl compounds. Allotropes of carbon: graphite, diamond, C60. General characteristics of d and f block elements. Bioinorganic chemistry of Na, K. Mg, Ca, Fe, Co, Zn, Cu and Mo. Synthesis and reactivity of inorganic polymers of Si and P.

#### Unit-IV: Polymers

Classification, polymerization, structure and properties, additives for polymer products, processing and applications. Biomaterials; physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids.

#### Unit-V: Instrumental Methods Of Analysis

Atomic absorption and emission spectroscopy including ICPAES, UV- visible spectrophotometry, NMR, Mass, Principles and applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the determination of structures of organic molecules.

Mossbauer spectroscopy (Fe and Sn), ESR spectroscopy, chromatography including GC and HPLC and electroanalytical methods (Coulometry, cyclic voltammetry, polarography amperometry, and ion selective electrodes).

#### Unit-VI: Mathematical Methods

Zeros and isolated singularities of analytic functions; Calculus of residues; Multivalued functions; Analytic continuation, contour integration, Fourier Transform, Convolution theorem, Ordinary differential equation, gamma, beta functions, solution of Bessel, Laguerre, Hypergeometric and confluent hypergeometric equations, Groups, finite group, infinite group, lie group.

#### Unit-VII: Classical Mechanics

Damped and forced oscillations, resonance, coupled oscillations, Newtonian mechanics, D’Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’s equation, velocity dependent potential and dissipation function; Variational principles and Lagrange’s equations, conservation theorems, Kepler’s law, Rigid body motion, Euler angles, inertia tensor and moment of inertia, Euler’s equations, Hamiltonian’s canonical, Small oscillations, Canonical transformations , equations of canonical transformations ; Poisson Brackets and canonical invariants , infinitesimal canonical transformations.

#### Unit-VIII: Electrodynamics

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, boundary value problems; Maxwell’s equations, Poynting vector, wave equation; Propagation of electromagnetic waves, Optical dispersion in materials, resonance absorption, Reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves at the interface between dielectric media, Brewster’s law, Wave guides, coaxial transmission lines; Rectangular and cylindrical resonant cavities; Potential formulation, scalar and vector potentials , gauge transformations ; Field of a uniformly moving charge ; Radiation from oscillating electric and magnetic dipoles and antennas.

#### Unit-IX : Quantum Mechanics

Wave mechanics : failure of classical physics, qualitative review of relevant experiments, de Broglie waves, uncertainty principle, wave function and Schrodinger equation, particle in a box, potential barrier and quantum tunneling, potential well, simple harmonic oscillator and Hydrogen atom. Postulates of quantum mechanics Operators and operator algebra, eigenfunctions and Eigen values, expectation values. Approximation methods, perturbation theory.

#### Unit-X: Nuclear Physics And Electronics

Radius , Mass , Binding Energy , Nucleon Separation Energy , Liquid Drop Model , Semi - Empirical Mass Formula , Mass parabolas , Beta Stability Line , Angular Momentum , Parity , Electromagnetic Moments , Excited States , nuclear shell model, nuclear reaction, particle physics-basic forces, classification of elementary particles, Radioactive Decay Law, Production and Decay of Radioactivity, Radioactive Dating. Introduction to electronics and electronic systems, Rectifier and Filters, amplifiers, oscillator, digital circuits, radio communication.