# NIT Kurukshetra Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) Syllabus

By indcareer on Thu, 01 June 2017 at 11:02 IST

NIT Kurukshetra Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) Syllabus. Scheme of Examination for B.Tech degree course

NIT Kurukshetra offers B.Tech in following streams: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Engineering , Information Technology , Mechanical Engineering , Industrial Engineering & Management, Electrical Engineering , Civil Engineering .

## 1st Semester Examination (Common to all Branches)

### Unit I: Classical Physics

Physical Optics:
Interference: Division of wave front - Fresnel biprism, Division of amplitude – Newton rings, Michelson interferometer and its applications.

Diffraction: Difference between Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, Fraunhofer diffraction at a slit, Plane transmission diffraction grating, its dispersive and resolving powers.

Polarization: Polarized and unpolarized light, double refraction, Nicol prism, quarter and half wave plates, Polarimetry, Biquartz and Laurent’s half-shade polarimeters. Simple concepts of Photoelasticity.

DIELECTRICS: Polarization, displacement, susceptibility, dielectric coefficient, permittivity & various relations between them, Energy stored in electric field, Behavior of dielectrics in ac fields-simple concepts, dielectric losses, Applications of dielectrics.

### UNIT II: Modern Physics

QUANTUM PHYSICS : Drawbacks of Classical Physics, Introduction to quantum mechanics- simple concepts, discovery of Planck’s Constant, Group velocity and phase velocity, Schrodinger wave equation, Postulates of quantum mechanics, Time dependent and time independent Schrodinger wave equation, Uncertainty principle, Eigen values, Elementary ideas of quantum statistics.

X-RAYS: Production of X-rays, continuous and characteristics X-ray, Mosley Law, absorption and diffraction of X-ray, Bragg’s law and its applications, Methods of X-ray diffraction, Compton scattering.

SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY : The Michelson-Morley experiment, relativistic transformation, length contraction, time dilation, variation of mass with velocity, mass-energy equivalence.

NUCLEAR ENERGY: Nuclear fission, moderators, nuclear reactors, reactor criticality & neutron cross-section, nuclear fusion; Interaction of radiation with matter (basic concepts), Radiation Detectors-ionization chamber, G.M.Counter, scintillation and solid state detectors, cloud chamber and bubble chamber

## B.Tech 2nd Semester (For All Branches)

Physics-II (PHY112T)

### Unit-I : Solid State Phyiscs

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE: Space Lattice, unit cell and translation vectors; Miller indices, Simple and closed packed crystal structures with examples, Defects in solids.

FREE ELECTRON THEORY: Elements of classical free electron theory and its limitations, quantum theory of free electrons, Fermi level, Density of states, Fermi-Dirac distribution function, Thermionic emission, Richardson’s equation.

BAND THEORY OF SOLIDS: Origin of energy bands, Kronig Penney Model (qualitative), E-K diagram, Brilloun Zones, Concept of effective mass and holes, Classification into metals, Semiconcuctors and insulators, Fermi energy and its variation with temperature, Hall effect and its applications specific heat of solids, classical, Einstein and Debye Model.

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS: Atomic magnetic moments, orbital diamagnetism, classical theory of paramagnetism, ferro magnetism, molecular field theory and domains.

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY: Experimental facts, Type I and II superconductors, London equation, Applications of superconductivity.

ELEMENTS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY: Introduction to nanoscience and technology, concept of quantum size effect, quantum dots, Nanomaterials: top down and bottom up techniques, Applications of nanotechnology.

### Unit-II Modern Optics

LASERS AND FIBRE OPTICS: Spontaneous and stimulated emission; Relation between Einestein coefficients of stimulated and spontaneous emission, Characteristics of laser beam, HeNe, semiconductor and CO2 lasers, Applications of lasers in industry and medicine. Propagation of light in fibres; numerical aperture, single mode and multi mode fibres, applications of optical fibre in industry and communication.

## B.Tech 7th Semester (Open To All Branches)

PHY472T : ULTRASONICS

### ULTRASONICS: Unit I

Physics of ultrasonics-wave motion, velocity of propagation, characteristic impedance, reflection, attenuation and transmission through layers, Particle and radiation pressure. Generation of Ultrasonics: Ultrasonic transducers-piezoelectric and magnetostrictive transducers, equivalent circuits, impedance matching, high and low power devices.

## B.TECH 7TH SEMESTER (Open to all Except C)

PHY471T: LASER

### LASER: Unit-I

Quantum behavior of light, concept of spontaneous and stimulated emission, Derivation of Einstein relations, Population Inversion, Pumping methods, condition for light amplification, Two, three and four level laser systems, quantum efficiency, laser rate equations and Threshold condition. Components of laser devices, Laser action, Temporal and spatial coherence. Optical cavities: gain and losses in optical cavities, Laser resonators, their characteristics, design and construction.

### LASER: Unit-II

Design and operating characteristics of solid state (Nd: YAG and glass laser), Tunable dye lasers, gaseous (CO2 and Argon laser), semiconductor lasers and Free-Electron Laser (FEL). Mode locking, Types of mode Locking, Q- Switching. Applications of Lasers in Mechanical, Electronics, Nuclear energy, Medical, Optical data storage devices, Holography, Environmental studies, Communications.

## B.TECH 8TH Semester (For Mechanical Engg. Students)

Non-Destructive Testing (NDT): Introduction, Comparison between Destructive and NonDestructive tests; Various NDT methods; Comparison and selection of NDT methods.

Non-Destructive Techniques:

• a) Visual Examination- Basic principle, Optical aids for visual inspection, Applications.
• b) Liquid Penetrant Testing (LPT): Physical principles, Procedure, Penetrant Testing materials, LPT methods, Applications.
• c) Magnetic Particle Testing (MPT): Principle, Magnetizing techniques, MPT procedure and equipment, Applications.
• d) Eddy Current Testing (ECT) : Principle, Instrumentation for ECT, ECT Techniques, Applications and limitations.
• e) Radiography: Principle, E.M. radiation sources-X-rays and Gamma rays, the sources and properties, Radiographic films and imaging, Radiographic inspection techniques, Applications and standards.
• f) Ultrasonic Testing (UT): Basic properties of sound beam, Ultrasonic transducers, Inspection methods-Normal incident pulse-echo, Normal beam and angle beam inspection methods, Flaw Non-Destructive Testing codes and Standards; Brief introduction.

## B.TECH 8TH Semester (For Students of ECE))

PHY482T: TRANSDUCERS & THEIR APPLICATIONS

1. Transducers and Sensor: Introduction, Classification And Characteristics.
2. Applications of Transducers In The Measurement Of:
i) Displacement: Electrical transducer systems only.
ii) Strain: Strain gauges (Bonded and unbonded type)
iii) Pressure: Force summing devices and electrical transducers
Temperature: RTD, Thermistors, Quartz crystal and Fibre-optic thermometers, thermocouples, total radiation type and optical pyrometers.
Flow: Flow meters (Electromagnetic, ultrasonic, anemometer).

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