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Allahabad University Post Graduate Admission Test (AU PGAT) Syllabus

College / University: Allahabad University, Allahabad
 

Allahabad University Post Graduate Admission Test (AU PGAT)

Allahabad University Post Graduate Admission Test (AU PGAT) Syllabus given below.

Ancient History

Political History of India:

Sources of Ancient Indian history, Early State Information: Mahajanapads and Republics, Rises of Magadh; Persian invasion, Alexander’s invasion; Rise and Fall of Maurya Empire; Chandragupta, Asoka; Sunga, Satavahana, Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Wester Kshatrapas; Guptaa, Vakatakas and Vardhanas; Regional States during Gupta Era: The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Cholas, Hoysalals and Pandayas; Gurjar-Pratihar, Pala and Rastrakuta.

Indian Culture:

Foundations of Indian Culture, Main Feature of Ancient Indian society, Ancient Indian education system, Positions of women, Ancient Indian Religions: Vaisnavism, Saivism, Jainism and Buddhism; Sankaracharya, Bhakti Movement, interaction of Islam and Indian society; Social and Religious Movement in Nineteenth Century India.

Art and Archaeology:

Definition of Archaeology, Paleolithic Cultures: Salient features, Belan Valley, Son Valley; Mesolithic and Neolithic Culture: Vindhyas and Ganga Plains. Indus valley Civilization: Origin, Extent and decline, Art and Architecture; Chalcolithic cultures:Kayatha, Ahar and Jorwe culture; Copper Hoards and antiquity of irons;Pottery traditions: OCP, PGW, NBPW; Indo_Roman Contacts; maurya, Sunga, Kushan and Gupta Art: Essential features; Temple Architecture; Art and architecture under Chalukyas, Chandel, Pallava, Rastrakutas and Chola.

Ancient Civilization:

Egyptian Civilization: Political developments under Pharaohs; Art, Religion and Intellectual Achievements. Development of civilization in Mesopotamia through ages: Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Chandlean civilizations. Hellenic and Hellenistic Civilizations, Roman Civilizaions; Julius Caesar and Augustus; Contribution of Zarathustra and Confucius.

Master in Development Studies

  • Theories & perspective of development and globalization
  • International politics and relations
  • Global economic order
  • Corporate sector and Globalization
  • Globalization and tribal & rural societies
  • Science and Technology in Global era
  • Mass Media & Information & Communication Technology (ICT), Sustainable development and Environmental issues
  • Basic Computer Skills
  • Idioms & phrases
  • Foreign words

Economics

Micro Economics:

Law of Demand and Supply, Market Demand, A brief introduction of Elasticity of Demand.Theory of Consumer’s Behaviour. Consumer’s Equilibrium, Indifference Curve Analysis. Price Effect, Income Effect and Substitution Effect (Hicks & Slutsky Methods). An Elementary Treatment of Revealed Preference Theory, Consumer’s Surplus.

Production Function: An Elementary Treatment, Laws of Variable Proportions, Returns to Scale, Substitution in Production, Producer’s Equilibrium,

Nature of Market, Revenue Function, Revenue Curves, Price Determination under Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Discriminating Monopoly, Imperfect and Monopolistic Competition-Elementary Treatment.

Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution, Rent: Ricardian & Opportunity Cost Theories, Quasi Rent. Wage: Labour Supply and Demand Theory of Wages, The Marginal Productivity Theory, InterestTheories, Profit.

Indian Economy:

Nature and Symptoms of Under-development, Indices of Development such as HDI, etc. Main Features of Indian Economy, The Energy and Power Sector in India and its Challenges, India’s Foreign Trade: Composition and Direction, Service sector in India and its Performance.

The Agricultural Sector, Salient Feautres of Indian Agriculture. Changing Agrarian Structure. Mechanisation of Agriculture, Rural Credit Structure in India, role of Commercial Banks, Rural Banks, Cooperative Banks, Land Development Banks, Primary Agricultural credit Societies, NABARD, in Rural Credit, Rural Un-empoloyment in India.

Industrial Sector, Objectives of Industrial Development, Categorisation of Industries, Growth and Expansion of Public Sector Enterprises, Development and Expansion of Private Industry, Role and Importance of Cottage and Small Scale Industry. Problems of Industrial Labour in India.

Techniques of Economic Analysis:

Approach to Economic Analysis: Micro-Economics and Macro-Economics, Illustrations of Micro and Macro Problems. Nature of Static and Dynamic analysis. Equilibrium Concepts and Types. Functional Relationships in Economics: Demand, Supply, Cost, Revenue, Savings, Income and Investment etc., Illustration from Micro and Macro Economics, Equations: Solution of Linear, Simultaneous and Quadratic Equations, Analysis of Market Equilibrium Algebric and Graphical Solutions. Curves and straight Lines, Rate of change and slope –Economisc illustrations, use of Linear and Non- linear functions in economics –market demand, cost and revenue curves etc. nature of parabolic curves. Cost and Revenue curves and related Economics Illustrations

Statistics: Nature, functions, importance; collection of data classification and tabulation; Diagrammatic and graphical representation of data: Bar, Pie, Histogram, Ogive etc.Measures of central tendency. Arithmetic Mean, Weighted Mean, Harmonic Mean Geometric Mean,

Median, Mode etc., their relative Merits.

Measures of Dispersion-Range, Quartile/Percentile Deviation, Mean Deviation, Standard

Deviation, Coeeficient ogf Variation, Lorenz Curve, Measures of skewness and Kurtosis. Correlation: Linear Rank, Index Numbers: Nature, Construction, Limitation, Importance, Construction of Index Numbers: Simple, Weighted and Price Relative Methods.

Macro Economics :

National Income: its Measurement and Limitations, Nature of National Income Accounts in Closed and Open Economy, Uses of National Income Analysis,
Social Accounting, Environmental Accounting. Theory of Employment, Say’s Law of Market, Classical Theory, Keynesian Critique of
Classical Theory, Simple Keynesian Theory of Emplolyment and Income Determination, Investment function. Keynesian Consumption Function, Concept of Investment Multiplier. Nature and Causes of Trade Cycles, Theories of Trade Cycle: Hawtrey, Hayek, Schumpeter. Inflation: types, causes and impact, Inflation Employment Tradeoff: Phillips Curve, Macro Theory of Distribution: Ricardo, Marx and Kaldor.

Theories of Growth: Harrod and Domar Growth Models. Population and Development,

Model of H.Leibenstein, the Low Level Equilibrium Trap: Nelson;

Development and Planning :

Development: Meaning, Measurements and Indicators of Development. PQLI, HDI, GDI, GII, Causes of Under-development. Circular Causation: Myrdal and Nurkse, Over-Population. Technological Backwardness, Environment and Development. Selected Theoretical Prescriptions of Development: Rostow’s Stages of Growth, Problem of Choice of Technique. Models of Development: Balanced vs Unbalanced Growth, Hirschman, Rosenstein Rodan, Two Gap Theory.

Measures for Development, Augmentation of Savings, Investment Strategy, Capital Accumulation, Improvement in Technology and Industrialisation, Surplus Labour as a Source of Capital Formation-Lewis and Nurkse, Choice of Technique, Human Capital and Economic Development. Sustainable Development: Meaning and historical Evolution.

Money and Public Finance:

The Quantity Theory of Money: Fisher and Cambridge Approaches. Keynes’ Fundamental Equations. An Elementary Treatment of Saving and Investment Approach. Concepts and Components of Money Supply.

Theory of Commercial Banking, Theory of Credit Creation, Credit Multiplier. Theory of Central Banking, Types of Banks- Development, Cooperative, Universal etc. Techniques of Credit Control, The Reserve Bank of India, Control of Commercial Banks & Control of Credit.

Public Finance and Private Finance: Concepts and Problems, Public and Private Goods,Principle of Maximum Social Advantage. Public Expenditure: Nature and Effect. Federal Finance concept, Federal Finance in India, Division of Resources, Finance Commission: Role and objectives.

Taxation: Progressive, Regressive & Proportionate. Direct and Indirect Taxes. Principle of Taxation: Ability to Pay. Least Aggregate Sacrifice, Incidence, Impact and Shifting of Taxation in Perfect Competition and Monopoly.

Economic Analysis:

The Theory of Imperfect Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly, Collusive and Non-collusive Oligopoly, Cournot, Bertrand, Edgeworth, Stackleberg, Chamberlin’s Small Group Oligopoly Model, The Kinded Demand Curve, Cartels: Joint Profit Maximization and Market Sharing Cartels.

Monopolistic Competition Models, The Criticism of Marginalist Approach to the Theory of the Firm, Welfare Economics: The Criteria of Social Welfare, The National Income Criteria, The Hedonist; The Cardinal Approach to Social Welfare, Pareto Optimality, Kaldor-Hicks Compensation Principle; Bergson’s Social Welfare Function.

International Economics:

Basis of International Trade. Theories of International Trade: Adam Smith, Ricardo. J.S. Mill’sTheory of Reciprocal Demand. Marshall- Edgeworth Offer Curve, Haberler’s Opportunity Cost Theory; Heckscher’s Critique of Classical Theory.

Terms of Trade and Gains from Trade: Kinds of Terms of Trade, Factors Influencing Terms of Trade, Prebisch Singer Model, Relation between Terms of Trade and Gains from Trade. Immiserizing Growth Theory. Balance of Payments: Meaning, Definition, and Illustration: Disequilibrium in BOP

Exchange Rates: Purchasing Power Parity Theory, Balance of Payments Theory, Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rates, Spot and Forward. FreeTrade and Protection, Exchange Control Infant Industry Argument, Instruments of protection: Tariff, Quota and Devaluation, Exchange Control.Measures for correction in BOP.

India’s Economic Policy

General Objectives of Economic Policy in Developing Countries. Unemployment and Poverty: A General Overview & Policies Population Policy: National Population Policy and Population Policy of Uttar Pradesh. Environmental Problems & National Environment Policy Industrial Policy: Role and Objectives Industrial Policy of India Private and Public Sector Competition Act Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Policies
Energy Sector: Problems and Energy Policy Agricultural Policy in India: Objectives and Overview Community Development Project and Panchayati Raj Rural Development Programme Agricultural Price Policy Food Policy and The Public Distribution System

Education

  1. Principles of Education: Meaning and scope of education; Aims of education; Approaches to education; Agencies of education; Curriculum; Educational Plannning.
  2. Problems of Indian education: Primary education, secondary education, higher education, adult education; National Policy on Education; Language Controversy.
  3. Educational Philosophy & Sociology: Nature, scope and need of philosophy of education; Naturalism, Idealism, Pragmatism, Realism, Existentialism; Educational Sociology; Culture and education; Social Satisfaction; Social Mobility’ Social Changes; Futurology.
  4. Educational Psychology: Nature, scope and methods and educational psychology; Growth and development; Individual difference; Intelligence;’ Creativity; Personality; Learning; transfer of learning; Motivation; Group dynamics
  5. Measurement, evaluation and action research in education, Measure of Central Tendency and Standard Deviation.
  6. Indian and Western Education: Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Madan Mohan Malviya, Tagore, Vivekanand, mahatama Gandhi, Radhakirisihnana, Plato, Rousseau, Dewey, Russel.
  7. Environmental education; Educational techonology; Distance education; Value education; Peace education; Human rights education; Population education.

English Literature/Language

Note : Candidates can attempt either English Literature or English Language question paper.

Multiple choice questions based on the following in the ratio of 25:25:50 from the syllabi of B.A. Part I, II & III respectively.

BA Part I (English Literature)

Paper I: Poetry

1. William Shakespeare: (a) Sonnet 29: “When in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes” (b)Sonnet 138 “When my love swears that she is made of truth”
2. John Done: “Canonization”
3. John Milton: Paradise Lost (Satan’s Speech )
4. John Dryden: Absalom and Achitophel, Lines 150-197. (False Achitophel).
5. Alexander Pope: “Essay on Man” (Lines 1-18)
6. William Blake: The Nurse’s Song
7. William Wordsworth: (a) “Tintern Abbey”, (b) “The World is too much with us”
8. Percy B. Shelley: (a) “Ode to the West Wind” (b) “ A Lament”
9. John Keats: (a) “Ode to a Nightingale”, (b) “ La Belle dame sans merci”
10. Sarojini Naidu: The Flute Player of Brindaban
11. Toru Dutt:” Baughmaree”
12. Rabindra Nath Tagore: From Gitanjali : (a) 11th, Leave the Chanting, (b) 12th Fruit Gathering.
13. Nissim Ezikiel: “Background”, “Casually”
14. Frost: “ Stopping by the Woods”
15. Walt Whitman: “O Captain,My Captain!”

Paper II: Drama

George Bernard Shaw: Arms and the Man.
Mahesh Dattani: Where There’s a Will

Paper III: Prose and Fiction

An Anthology of English Prose edited by the Dept. of English & MEL, University of Allahabad,Macmillan

The following essays are prescribed:

1. E. V. Lucas: “Tight Corners”
2. A. G. Gardiner: “In Defence of Ignorance”
3. Robert Lynd: “Student”
4. G. K. Chesterton: “On the Pleasure of No Longer Being Very Young”
5. George Orwell: “Reflections on Gandhi”
6. Aldous Huxley: “Pleasures”
7. J. B. Priestly: “On Doing Nothing”
8. Bertrand Russell: “The Road to Happiness”
9. Richard Wright: “Twelve Million Black Voices”
10. A. C. Benison: “The Art of the Essayist”
The following novel is prescribed for detailed study: George Orwell: Animal Farm

BA Part II (English Literature)

Paper I: Poetry

1. Alfred Lord Tennyson: (a) “Break, Break, Break” ; (b) “ Ulysses”

2. Robert Browning: (a) “ My Last Duchess” ; (b) “Prospice”

3. Matthew Arnold: (a) “Dover Beach”; (b) “ Memorial Verses”

4. Thomas Hardy: (a) “ The Darkling Thrush”; (b “ The Voice”

5. Gerard Manley Hopkins: (a) “Pied Beauty” (b) “Thou Art Indeed Just Lord . . .”

6. W. B. Yeats: (a) “The Second Coming” ; (b) “ Prayer for My Daughter”

7. T. S. Eliot: “Love Song of Alfred J. Prufrock”

8. W. H. Auden: “In Memory of W. B. Yeats”

9. Adil Jussawala: “Sea Breeze, Bombay”

10. Kamla Das: “An Introduction”

11. Keki N. Daruwalla: “Ghagra in Spate”

Paper II: Drama

The following plays are prescribed: William Shakespeare: Macbeth William Shakespeare: The Merchant of Venice

Paper III: Prose

The following prose essays are prescribed for detailed study:

1. Francis Bacon: “Of Studies”

2. Proverbs, Chapter XV. (From The Bible)

3. Addison “Will Wimble”

4. Steele “The Spectator Club”

5. Goldsmith: “Beau Tibbs”

6. Johnson, “Letter to Chesterfield”

7. Lamb, “Dream Children”

8. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, “The Yellow Wallpaper”

9. Anita Desai: “A Farewell Party”

10. James Thurber “The Secret Life of Waltermity

11. Katherine Mansfield “The Fly”

The following novel is prescribed : R. K. Narayan: The Guide:

BA Part III (English Literature)

Paper I: Fiction

The following novels are prescribed:

1. Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice

2. Charles Dickens: David Copperfield

3. E. M. Forster: A Passage to India

4. Salman Rushdie: Haroun and the Sea of Stories

Paper II: Drama

The following plays are prescribed:

1. T. S. Eliot: Murder in the Cathedral

2. Eugene O’Neill: Desire Under the Elms

3. Harold Pinter: The Birthday Party

4. Girish Karnad: Hayavadana

Paper III: Poetry and Practical Criticism

The following poems are prescribed :

1. Derek Walcott (West Indian): “A Far Cry From Africa”

2. Wole Soyinka (Nigerian): “Dragonfly at My Window Pane”

3. Amiri Baraka (African-American): “Wise I”

4. Judith Wright (Australian): “Bora Ring”

5. A. D. Hope (Australia): “Australia”

6. Michael Ondaatje (Sri Lanka/Canada): “Letters and Other Worlds”

7. Eunice de Souza (India): “Autobiographical”

8. Agha Shahid Ali (India): “Postcard from Kashmir” and “A Lost Memory of Delhi”

9. A. K. Ramanujan (India) “Love Poem for a Wife I”

10. Arun Kolatkar (India) “The Priest’s Son” and “The Butterfly”

11. Sylvia Plath (America): “Mirror” and “Daddy”

12. Gwendolyn Brooks (America): “The Lovers of the Poor”

13. Emily Dickinson (America): “After Great Pain, A Former Feeling Comes”

14. Sherman Alexie (America): “On the Amtrak from Boston to New York City”

15. Lorna Dee Cervantes (America): “Refugee Ship”

There will be multiple choice questions (MCQs) based on unseen passages of prose and B.A. Part III: English Literature

M.A. Theatre And Film

No prescribed syllabus. Questions are based on general awareness about film and theatre.

Hindi

Hidi Sahitya ka Itihas, Bhasha Vigyan, Bhartiya Kavyashastra, Pashchatya Kavyashastra, Kavyabhasha, AAlochana aur Shahitya Chintan ki Nai Dishayen.

Mass Communication

  1. General awareness including constitutional matters, current affairs, public debates on matter of polity, economy, science & technology. Awareness of International Development and their impact of Indian society.
  2. Exposure to issue and debates covered by print media, television news channels and radio. General understanding of Indian Art, Culture, National movements and Cinema.

Medieval And Modern History

Section A : History Of The Modern World (1453-1945) : A survey of the Political, Social Economic and Cultural history of the Modern World,

Section B : History Of Medieval India (1206-1740)

Section C : History Of The Modern India(1740-1950)

M. A. (Music)

(VOCAL)

Detailed study of the following Ragas:

Puriya, Marwa, Jai-Jaiwanti, Suddha Kalyan, Deshkar, Kamod, Chayanat, Todi, Multani, Miyan-Malhar, Gound-Malhar, Adana, Darbari Kanhada, Basant, Paraj, Puriya Dhanashri, Shri, Hindol, Suddha Sarang, Madhuwanti.

Taal

Rupak, Teerva, Dadra, Kaharwa, Trital, Jhaptal Ektal, Dharmar, Ada Chartal, Pancham Sawari, Gaj jhampa, Chartala, Sooltal, Deepchandi, Jhoompa, Tilwada.

3. Details indroduction of all the Ragas and Taalas mentioned above.

4. Comparative study of the Samprakit Ragas and Taalas.

5. Study of Alpatva and Bahutva, Tirobhav and their use and importance.

6. Laya and layakari- Different types of Layakaries, Dugun, Tigun Chaugun and Ada.

7. Different styles of Gayaki - Dhruvapad, Dhamar, Tappa, Thumari and Chaiti.

8. Brief study of different Gharanas of Vocal Music.

9. Life sketch and contribution of Eminent Musicians and Vocalist.

10. Vibration and frequency, pitch and its relation with vibrator, Amplitude, (Swaymbhu Swear); Consonance and Dissonance, Main Types of chords, Absorption, echo, Reverberation and Resonance of sound, Placement of Sudha and Vikrit Swars on different shruties according to Lochan, Ahobal, Pundarik, Ramamatya, Somnath.

11. Notation system of Bhatkhande and Vishnudigambar, various types of intervals of notes. Different Musical scales, comparative study of Notation System of Bhatkhande and Western Music, placement of notes on ‘Veena’ according to Pt. Srinivas, Comparative study of Northern Sothern Talapaddhaties.

12. Biographies of Bhatkhande, Vishnudigambar, Tansen, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ameer Khusroo, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Pt. Ram Sahai, Ahmad Jan Thirakwa, Nana Sahib Pansse.

13. History of Music and classification of ragas and Taals. History of Music of Ancient period up to 13th century. Short History of Music of Medieval and Modern periods. Comparison of Hindustani and Karnataka Music Systems. Gram, Moorchana its kind and their importance. Kind of Gamaka. Brief knowledge of Different Gharanas.

(Instrumental Sitar)

1. Detailed study of the following Ragas:

Puriya, Marwa, Jai-Jaiwanti, Suddha Kalyan, Deshkar, Kamod, Chayanat, Todi, Multani, Miyan-Malhar, Gound-Malhar, Adana, Darbari Kanhada, Basant, Paraj, Puriya Dhanashri, Shri, Hindol, Suddha Sarang, Madhuwanti.

2. Taalas

Rupak, Teerva, Dadra, Kaharwa, Trital, Jhaptal Ektal, Dharmar, Ada Chartal, Pancham Sawari, Gaj jhampa, Chartala, Sooltal, Deepchandi, Jhoompa, Tilwada.

3. Details indroduction of all the Ragas and Taalas mentioned above.

4. Comparative study of the Samprakit Ragas and Taalas.

5. Study of Alpatva and Bahutva, Tirobhav-Avirbhav and their use and importance.

6. Laya and layakari- Different types of Layakaries, Dugun, Tigun Chaugun and Ada.

7. Different styles and Baj - Maseetkhani, Razakhani, Firozkhani etc.

8. Brief study of different Gharanas of Sitar.

9. Life sketch and contribution of Eminent Musicians and Instrumentalists.

10. Vibration and frequency, pitch and its relation with vibrator, Amplitude, (Swaymbhu Swear); Consonance and Dissonance, Main Types of chords, Absorption, echo, Reverberation and Resonance of sound, Placement of Sudha and Vikrit Swars on different shruties according to Lochan, Ahobal, Pundarik, Ramamatya, Somnath.

11. Notation system of Bhatkhande and Vishnudigambar, various types of intervals of notes. Different Musical scales, comparative study of Notation System of Bhatkhande and Western Music, placement of notes on ‘Veena’ according to Pt. Srinivas, Comparative study of Northern Sothern Talapaddhaties.

12. Biographies of Bhatkhande, Vishnudigambar, Tansen, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ameer Khusroo, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Pt. Nikhil Banerjee.

13. History of Music and classification of Ragas and Taals. History of Music of Ancient period up to 13th century. Short History of Music of Medieval and Modern periods. Comparison of Hindustani and Karnataka Music Systems. Gram, Moorchana its kind and their importance. Kind of Gamaka. Brief knowledge of Different Gharanas.

(Insturmental Tabla)

1. Detailed study of the following Taalas: Trital, Jhaptal, Rupak, Teevra, Sooltal, Ektal, Chartal Basant, Pancham Swari, Gaj Jhampa, Dhamar, Laxmi, Rudra, Shikhar, Brahma, Kurnbha, ganesh, Matt, Dadra and Kaharwa, Jat Taal, Deepchandi Taal.

2. Kayada, Palta, Peshkar, Rela, ‘Laggi-Ladi’, Paran, different types of Chakkardar, Tihai, and paran, Tripalli, Choupalli, Nauhakka, Jhoolna ke Bol, Gat- Farad, Mukhda, Mohra.

3. Ten Varnas of Tabla.

4. Study of Sam Matrik and Samprakrit Taalas.

5. Different Gharanas of Tabla playing with their style and Baj.

6. Life sketch and contribution of Eminent Musicians and Musicologist.

7. Laya-Layakari, different kinds of Layakaries, Dugun, Tigun, Chaugun, Aad, Kuada, Biyad etc.

8. Life sketch and style of playing leading Tabla Artists, Padam Bhushan Pt. Samta Prasad, Padam Vibhushan Pt. Kishan Maharaj .

9. Vibration and frequency, pitch and its relation with vibrator, Amplitude, (Swaymbhu Swear); Consonance and Dissonance, Main Types of chords, Absorption, echo, Reverberation and Resonance of sound, Placement of Sudha and Vikrit Swars on different shruties according to Lochan, Ahobal, Pundarik, Ramamatya, Somnath.

10. Notation system of Bhatkhande and Vishnudigambar, various types of intervals of notes. Different Musical scales, comparative study of Notation System of Bhatkhande and Western Music, placement of notes on ‘Veena’ according to Pt. Srinivas, Comparative study of Northern Sothern Talapaddhaties.

11. Biographies of Bhatkhande, Vishnudigambar, Tansen, Ameer Khusroo, Pt. Ram Sahai, Ahmad Jan Thirakwa, Nana Sahib Panse.

12. History of Music and classification of Ragas and Taals. History of Music of Ancient period up to 13th century. Short History of Music of Medieval and Modern periods. Comparison of Hindustani and Karnataka Music Systems. Gram, Moorchana its kind and their importance. Kinds of Yati. Brief knowledge of Different Gharanas.

13. Gharana of Tabla

• Tabla Aur Pakhawaj Ka Tulnatmak Adhyayan.

• Classification of Instruments.

• Taal Ka Manovaigyanik Prabhav.

M.A. (Painting)

Theory: (conducted by the University)

Syllabus:

Aesthetics & Art Appreciation (Indian and Western)
History of Indian Art (Pre-history to Modern)
History of Western Art (Pre-history to Modern)
Folk, Tribal and current trends in Art Scenario.

Philosophy

1. Ethics
2. Indian Philosophy
3. Western Philosophy
4. Logic
5. Theory of Knowledge
6. Philosophy of Religion
7. Socio-Political Philosophy

Political Science

Political Theory:

Definition, Nature and Scope of Pol. Science, Nomenclature relation with other social sciences, Different approaches idealistic, Individualistic, Liberal, Social Welfare, Contemporary Libertarian Concept, Gandhian Concept and Marxian view of state, Sovereignty, Nation and Nationalism , Challenges before nation-state, Globalisation and emergence of civil society, Concept of liberty, equality, law, rights, justice, punishment and citizenship, evolutionary socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Democracy and Communitarianism.

Indian Government And Politics:

The constituent assembly, Preamble, Main features of Indian Constitution, Procedure to amend the Constitution, Federalism, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties.

President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Parliament, Judiciary, Judicial, Review and Activism, Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature, Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Bodies, Party System in India.

Western Political Thought:

Features of Ancient Greek Political Thought, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Bodin, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Green, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, Mao.

Comparative Government And Politics:

Meaning, approaches, nature and scope of comparative government and politics. Constitutionalism, Rule of Law, Legislature Executive and Judiciary, Oragnisation of Government- Unitary, Federal, Parliamentary and Presidential Democracy, Democracy Dictatorship, Local Self Government, Political Culture and Socialization, Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Electoral Process, Public opinion and Bureaucracy.

Indian Political Thinkers:

Features of Ancient Indian Political Thought, Political Ideas of Manu, Kautilya, Features of Jain and Budhist Political Thought, Political Ideas of Mahabharat, Indian Renaissance and Political Ideas of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand and Vivekanand, Political Ideas of Tilak, Arvindo Ghosh, M.N. Roy and Jai Prakash, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Mahatama Gandhi and B.R. Ambedkar.

International Relations:

The study of International Relations, Role of State and Non-State Actors, Cold War, Feature of present world order, Globlisation and impact on world politics, Problem of Third World Security, NAM, North-South Dialogues, ASEAN and SAARC, International Terrorism, Nuclear Proliferation, Disarmament and Arms Control, Collective Security, Indian Foreign Policy, Indo-US Relations.

Indian Administration:

Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, NPA and NPM Organisation, Ecology of Indian Administration, Structure of organisation (Central and Cabinet Secretariats, P.M.O.), Centre-State Relations, Public sector undertakings, Parliamentary Control over financial Administration, Growth of civil services in India, D.M. and O&M, 73rd -74th Constitutional amendment Acts, welfare administration for- S.C., S.T.
and Women, Generalist- Specialist, Controversy, Problem of corruption, Lokpal and Lok Ayukta, Minister- Civil Servant relationship.

14. Sanskrit

Group A

(i) AbhijnanShakuntalam-upto VAct

(ii) Poorva Megh- Upto 30 slokas

(iii) Kiratarjuniyam-Prathamah sargah

(iv) Kadambari Kathapuram Prabhatvarna Paryanta

(v) Following Suktas of Rigvedas:

(a) Vishvedeva Siktam,

(b) Vishun Suktam

(c) Indra Suktam

(d) Prajapati Suktam

(e) Purush Suktum

(f)Vak suktam

(g) Shivsankalpa Suktum(From Shukla Yajurveda)

(vi) Sangya & Sandhi prakaranas of Laghu Siddhanta kaumudi

(vii) Niti Shatak- Upto 30 Slokas

Group B

(i) Sahitya Darpan (First & Second Parichcheda Only)

(ii) Uttar Ram Charitam- Upto NIrd Act

(iii) tarkSangraha

(iv) Sri Mad Bhagwad Geeta (Second, Third & Nineth Chapter Only)

(v) Karak Prakaran of Madhya Siddhant Kaumudi (Practical Knowledge Only)

Sociology

Emergence of Sociology and Pioneer Thinkers: Emergence of Sociology (Definition, Nature, Scope and Subject Matter of Sociology) and its Relationship with other Social Sciences; Works of Comte (Positivism), Spencer (Social Darwinism), Durkheim (Social Facts, Solidarity, and Suicide), Weber (Social Action, Authority, Idea, Type, Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism), Marx (Materialistic Conception of History, Class Struggle, Alienation), Pareto (Circulation of Elites), Parsons (Social Action and AGIL) and Merton (Functional Analysis).

Basic Concept: Society, community, Culture, Civilization; Socialization – Agencies and Theories; Social Structure and Function; Institution and Association; Social Group and Its Types; Customs, Norms, Values, Sanctions and Laws; Status, Role and its Types.

Sociological Perspectives: Evolutionary, Structural, Functional, Conflict and Interactional.

Institutions: Kinship and Its Types, Forms and Usages; Family and Its type; Marriage and Its Types; Economy and Its Forms-Urban, Rural and Tribal Economy (Primitive communism, Concept of Property and Ceremonial Exchange among Tribes- Potlatch and Kula Ring, Division of labour, Jajmani Relations); Religion – Theories and Forms of Religion, Magic, and Rekigion and Science; Political – Elites and Leaders, Political Parties, Caste Panchayat and Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs); Education as a Social System.

Socio-Cultural Process and Changes: Cultural lag, Assimilation, Acculturation, Cooperation, Competition, Conflict; Universalization and Parochialization, Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization and Secularization; Meening of Social Changes and Its Types
(progress, Development, Growth, Evolution and Revoltion); Theories and Factors of (Demographic, Biological, Economic, Technological and Cultural) of Social Change; Approaches to Development.

Stratification, Mobility and Social Movement: Meaning of Stratification – Its Forms and Theories (Functional, Conflict, Weberian); Social Mobility and Its Type; Meaning and Theories of Caste, Caste as a Unit and caste as a System, Dominant Caste, Changing Dimension of Caste and Class; Meaning of Social Movement and its types.

Social Research: Objectivity and Subjectivity in Social Sciences, Positivism and Empiricism in Sociology, Sociological, Explanations, Types of research, Steps in Social Research; Research Designs (Exploratory, Descriptive and experimental); Methodology, Method & Techniques: Ethnography, Observation, Case study, Content Analysis, Survey, Sampling, Questionnaire, Schedule and Interview; Data Analysis – Measures of central tendency, Correlation and Chi-Square.

Understanding Indian Society and Various Social Issues: Eminent, Indian Thinkers on Indian Social System; Unity in Diversity – Language, Religion, Caste and Cultural Pattern; Varnasharama System, Purushartha, Joti and Varma; Issues on Villages, Towns and Cities; tribes, Dalits, Women and Minorities, Racial and Physical Distribution of Tribes in India; tribe-Caste Continuum; Rural-Urban Continuum; Social Problems and Their remedies – Religious, Ethnic and Regional, OBC, SC, ST, Women and Minorities, Dowry, Domestic Voilence, Intra and Inter-Generational Relations, Communalism, Terrorism and Corruption; Social Disorganization – crime and Delinquency, Theories of Crime, White Collar Crime, Theories and Types of Punishment; Nation- building and Ethnic Identities, Development induced Displacement and Environmental Issues.

Urdu

Syllabus of Urdu subject (Graduation level course) of University of Allahabad

Ahthropology

Section I

General Anthropology

Meaning and Scope of Anthropology: Branch of Anthropology, a) Social-Culture Anthropology, b) Physical/Biological Anthropology, c) Archaeological Anthropology, d) Linguistic Anthropology.

Relations of Anthropology with other disciplines: Life Sciences, Earth Sciences, Medical Sciences; Social Sciences and Humanities.

The Basic terms and Concepts in Anthropology: Culture, Society, Association, Institution, Culture change, Socialization, Mutation, Paleoanthropology, Geological time Scale,Glaciations and Pluviations, Pleistocene.

Social-Culture Anthropology

Definition and types of Marriage, Family, Kinship:

Economic and Political Anthropology: Meaning and Scope.

Religion and Magic: Definition and Meaning.

The Basic of Indian Social System

Indian Village

Major Concepts in Indian Anthropology: Dominant Caste, Sanskritisation, Westernization, Sacred Complex, Nature-Man-Spirit complex, Little and Great Tradition, tribe-caste continuum.

Special Constitutional Provisions, Problems and welfare measures related to tribes. Theories of Social-Cultural anthropology: Evolutionism, Diffusionism, Functionalism, Culture and Personality, Contributions of the following Anthropologists: a) Robert Redfield, b) V. Durkheim, c) L.P. Vidhyarthi, d) M.N. Srinivas.

Fieldwork Tradition in Anthropology
Major tools of Research: Observation, Interview, Case Study, Life History, Survey
Research, Schedule and Questionnaire, geological Method.

Physical Anthropology

Theory of Organic Evolution: Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Synthetic theory of Evolution.
Position of man in animal kingdom: distribution, classification and physical characters of Primate

Comparative Anatomy of Man and Ape Fossil evidences of emergence of man:

a. Dryopithecine complex

b. Australopithecine complex

c. Pithecanthropus, Sinanthropus

d. Neanderthal, Cro Magnon

Concept of Race: Criteria of Racial classification, Genetic basis of race, Racial classification Human Genetics: Basic Concept of Genetics, Mendelian Principles with reference to human.

Bio-Statistics- Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median, Mode, and Standard Deviation.of India Population (Guha’s Classification).

Archaelogical Anthropology

Concept: History, Pre-History, and Proto-history.
Methods of Dating: Relative and Absolute methods.
Tool making techniques and tool topology.
Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Culture of Europe.
Indus Valley Civilization: Main features, Town planning, economy, Polity, religion, Art & Craft, and Causes of Decline.

Defence And Strategic Studies

Art of Warfare in Indian, Contemporary Study of War and Peace, Indian Military History, World Military History, Strategic Thought, National Security, Science, Technology and National Security, Current Development related to India’s Defence and Security.

Geography

Lithosphere: Origin of the earth, Geological history of earth; Interior of the earth; Rocks; Endogenetic and Exogenetic Forces, Volcanic and Earthquakes; Drainage pattern; Origin of Continents, Mountain Building, Plate Tectonic Theory, cycle of erosion & Interruption; Mass
movement of rock wastes; Landforms formed by running water, wind, coastal, glacier and peri-glacier.

Atmosphere: Structure and composition of the atmosphere; Insolation; Pressure belts and winds; Local winds; Origin of Monsoons; Humidity and rainfall; EI Nino phenomena-Jet Stream, Tropical and temperate cyclones, Koeppen & Thonthwaite classification of world climates; Major climatics.

Hydrosphere: Continental shelf, continental slope, deep sea plains and ocean deeps; Bottom relief of Atlantic and Indian Oceans; salinity; tides; ocean currents; coral reefs.

Human Geography: Nature, Scope, Development, Branches and Approaches of human geography; Man and Environment Relationship - Determinism, Neo-determinism, Possibilism, Neo-determinism & Human ecology of Mountains & Deserts and Probalism; Approaches - ecological, spatial, behavioural and welfare; Human adaptation, Races & Tribes; Types of farming; agricultural regions of the world; Production & distribution iron
ore, coal, petroleum, Hydroelectricity, Iron and steel, Cotton textile and Chemical, fishing industry, Social groups and organization; Diffusion of Cultures; Cultural hearths; Major cultural realms,

Population Geography: Population -- growth and demographic transition, distribution and density pattern; Structure and Composition of population; Migration of population in India & World; Population policy in India. Over population, under population; optimum population;
population -- resource regions; population problems in India; population planning and control Settlement Geography: Rural settlements - types and patterns, size, spacing and morphology; distribution of rural settlements in Ganga plain; Urban settlements -- types and patterns, size, spacing and morphology; Classification of towns. Central place theory, Trends of urbanization in the world and in India; Problems of urbanization in India; Urban policy in India.

Regional Geography of India: Structure, relief and drainage; climate, origin of monsoon, droughts and floods, climatic classification by Koppen and Thornthwaite; soil types and distribution; Major minerals (iron ore, mica, Copper, manganese, bauxite and atomic minerals) - distribution, production and utilization; distribution and production of coal, mineral oil and hydel power; irrigation, agricultural regions, green and white revolution and agro-climatic regions. Industrial localization with reference to iron and steel, cotton textile,
sugar, cement and chemical, and paper industries, Industrial regions; foreign trade.

Regional Geography of World: Concept of regions in geography; Types and Classification of regions, Criteria of delimitation and characteristics of natural, cultural, economic and political regions. Asia Structure; relief; drainage; climate; natural vegetation and soils; spatial distribution of population; economic base; Regional studies of south, south -east, east and west Asia. Europe: Physical, economic and demographic characteristics; Regional studies of British Isles, Eastern, Western and Mediterranean realm. North /South America and Australia: Physical, econorr.ic and demographic set up; Regional studies of USA, Canada, Brazil and Australia.

History of Geographical Thought: Meaning and scope of geography; Changing philosophy, Approaches to the study of geography Contributions of Greek, Roman, Indian, Chinese, Arabs, Period of Dark Ages & Renaissance, Contributions of German, French, British, American and Russian, Dichotomies in geography, Fundamental concepts in physical, human, economic and settlement geography.

Practical: Statistical Techniques - Mean, Median Mode, Mean & Standard Deviation, CV, Correlation, Regression, Chai-square & Students' t test, nearest neighbor, quadrate count, mean centre, standard distance, drainage & transport network. Projection: Conical Two standard, Bonnes', Polyconic, Cylindrical - Mercator & Equal Area, Zenithal - Equidistant Polar & Stereographic.Mapping - Choropleth, Isopleth, Proportional Circle, Dot method. Graphical Representation: Hythergraph, Climograph, Histogram Scatter graph, Bar graph. Surveying: Plane Table, Prismatic, Indian Clinometer & Telescopic Alidade.

Mathematics

Straight Line and planes using vector techniques, Spheres, cones. Cylinders. Central Conchoids, Generating lines. Conies in Polar coordinates.
Sets, Relation and Maps. Real number system, Real Sequences, Limits of sequences.
Convergence of Infinite series of positive terms. Limits and continuity of functions of one variable, Differentiability and its applications. Differential Equations of first order, Applications, Equations of higher degree, Linear differential equations of higher order, Variation of parameters, Linear systems of first order.
Application of Linear equations, Statements of Existence theorems.
Vector Calculus, Scalar and Vector fields, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Line integral.
Double integrals. Green’s theorem, Surface integrals & triple integrals, Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems. Convergence of general series, Absolute and Conditional Convergence, Riemann integration, fundamental theorem of Calculus. Function of several variables, Limits and continuity, Partial and Directional Derivatives.
Vector spaces, Subspaces, Linear independence, Linear span, Bases and Dimension.
Matrices, Rank, Systems of Linear Equations, Gauss elimination. Echelon form, Determinates, Cramer’s Rule, Eigen values, Eigenvectors, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem, Diagonalization, Inner product spaces, Quadratic Forms.
Differentiability of functions of several variables. Mean value theorem and Taylor’s theorem for real valued functions. Jacobeans. Inverse and Implicit function theorem.
Convergence of sequence and series of functions. Uniform convergence. Convergence of Improper Integrals.
Mechanics; Virtural work, Catenary, Motion in a plain. Constrained Motion. Central forces.
Force in three dimensions. Rigid dynamics, Moments and products of inertia, DAlembert’s principle.
C. Hydrodynamics; Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches, Euler’s equation of Motion, Fluid Motion in two dimensions. Groups, Rings and Fields. Linear congruence, Quadratic residues, Arithmetic functions.
Numerical Techniques for roots of general equations, Interpolation, Numerical Differentiation and integration, Numerical solution of ordinary Differential Equations of first and second order.
Numerical Linear Algebra: Matrix Factoring, Iterative methods for systems for Linear, equations. Estimation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, Least square curve fitting.

Psychology

Section I : Basic Psychology process

Section II : Psychological Statistics

Section III : Psychopathology

Section IV : Psychology And Social Processes

Section V : Development Psychology

Section VI : Personality Research And Measurement

Section VII A : Clinical PsychologyIn School Setting
OR
Section VII B : Organisational Behaviour

Statistics

Probability Theory: Random experiments, Sample space, events, algebra of events, axiomatic definition of probability, probability spaces, relationship of axiomatic and classical probability, role of frequency ratios, properties of probability measure, subadditivity, Boole's inequality, probability of union of events, matching problem, repeated birthday problem, occupancy problem, statistics of physical particles, conditional probability and associated probability space, Bayes theorem, independence of events.

Random variables as functions, induced probability measu:re via inverse mapplt1g, induced probability distribution, distribution functions, distribution functions and their properties, probability mass function (pmf) of discrete random variables, probability density function (pdf) of continuous random variables, Random vector, marginal and conditional distributions, independence of random variables Mathematical expectation, moments, factorial moments, moment generating function, probability generating function, Expectation of jointly distributed random variables, marginal and conditional expectation, correlation, Chebyshev's inequality, Markov's inequality,
functions of random , variables.

Bernoulli distribution, binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, derivation of Poisson distribution as a limiting case of binomial distribution, geometric distribution, negative binomial distribution, hypergeometric distribution, multinomial distribution, uniform
distribution, normal distribution and its relationship with the binomial and Poisson distribution, Cauchy distribution, bivariate normal distribution and its marginal and conditional distributions.

Statistical Methods: Measures of central tendency, dispersion, moments, skewness and kurtosis. Simple linear regression, method of least squares, correlation coefficient,' correlation ratio, intraclass correlation, rank correlation, fitting of some nonlinear curves. Multiple regression, multiple and partial correlation for three variables. Analysis of Categorical Data, consistency, independence and association of attributes, coefficient of contigency.

Statistical Inference: Random sample from a given pdf or pmf, Functions of random , variables and their distributions Sufficiency, factorization theorem, consistency, Unbiasedness, Estimation method of maximum likelihood, method of moments. Statistical Tests of Hypothesis-Fundamental concepts including the power function, p values, Neyman and Pearson Lemma, most powerful (MP) and uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests, Applications of X 2, t, F and z distributions in tests of significance, Likelihood ratio test, Unbiased test, Neyman Pearson Lemma for randomized tests, Randomized test for binomial and Poisson distributions. Completeness and sufficiency, Rao-Blackwell theorem, Lehman Scheffe theorem, one parameter exponential family and its completeness, Cramer-Rao inequality, Best linear unbiased estimator.

Sampling Theory: Simple random sampling and Stratified sampling, Sample surveys versus complete enumeration, Non sampling errors, Simple random sampling \vith and without replacement, simple random sampling for attributes, Stratified random sampling, advantages of stratification, methods of allocation. Use of auxiliary information: Ratio, regression and product method of estimation, Systematic sampling, Cluster sampling with equal clusters.

Vital Statistics: Crude, death rates, infant mortality rates, standardized death rate, complete and abridge life table - construction and uses, mortality rate and probability of dying, use of survival tables. Measurement of fertility - crude birth rate, general fertility rate, total fertility rate, gross reproduction rate, net reproduction rate, population growth and logistic model for population projection.

Design of Experiments: One-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA with single observation per cell and equal number of observations per cell. Randomization, Replication, Local Control, Completely randomized design CRD), Randomized block design (RBD) , Latin square design (LSD), 22 and 23 factorial experiments.

Nonparametric Statistics: Order statistics, Distribution of maximum, minimum and r-th order statistic, Joint distribution of r-th and s-th order statistic, distribution of range, distribution free confidence intervals for quantiles and distribution free tolerance intervals,
Sign test, Wilcoxon test, Median test, Run test.

Index number: Price relatives and quantity or volume relatives. Link and chain relatives, computation of index numbers, Laspeyre's, Paasche's, Marshal - Edgeworth's and Fisher's index numbers, chain base index number, consumer price-index numbers. Tests for index·
numbers: Time and Factor reversal tests.

Time Series: Components of time series, additive and multiplicative models, methods of determination of trend, growth curves, analysis of seasonal component and seasonal indices.

Statistical Quality Control: Causes of variation in quality, control limits, charts for attributes, np chart, p-chart, c- chart, Charts for variables- X- and R charts.

Agriculture Science

Agricultural Botany

Historical, symptomology, properties and nature of plant viruses, modes of transmission of plant viruses. General principle of control of viral diseases in plants. A knowledge of the common viral diseases of potato tobacco, Hibiscus, cucurbits, beans and banana. Historical, broad outlines of morphology, reproduction, nomenclature and classification of plant pathogenic bacteria. History of Mycology, Taxonomy and nomenclature of fungi. Origin and phylogeny of fungi. Different, systems of classification and their basis. Structure and life history of the chief representatives of fungi. History of plant pathology. Dissemination of diseases, modes of infection symptomology, physiology of parasitism, mechanism of disease
resistance, fungicides and their action.

Cell structure and function, cell wall, nucleus, mitochondria, golgi apparatus, chloroplasts and other cell organelles, their structure and function. Cell division : mitosis and meiosis. Polyploidy: Nature and classification of Polyploidy. Heridity and environment, laws of
heredity; Linkage, crossing over and mapping of chromosomes. The nature of gene and factors affecting mutation. History of plant breeding, its present status and scope. Mode of reproduction in crop plants. Heterosis and its application.

Regional soils of India in relation to crops and their production. Secondary effects on micro flora. Physical nature of soils and water relation of soils. Concept of water requirement of crops and the critical period of water requirement of plants and its significance in crop production. Formation of usar soils and their measurement. Control of alkalinity and salinity. Physiology of flowering, photoperiodism, verbalization and their impact on crop production. Seed formation, longevity and multiplication. Physiology and biochemistry of herbicides. Physiology of propagation. Physiology of fertilization, fruit growth and ripening. Mineral nutrition, uptake and translocation of solutes. Mutually beneficial and toxic influences of plants. Physiological role of Some major and minor elements such as N, R K, Ca, Mg, B, Mo, Mn, Zn.

A study of the botany of important weeds associated with the crop plants of U.P Methods of preventing introduction and spread of weeds. Principles and procedures of weed control Growth, inhibiting, and promoting chemicals and their composition. Soil microorganisms and their role in production. Principles, and practices of dry farming, special problems in dry farming mixed cropping and strip cropping in agriculture in India. Agronomic practices in relation to soil acidity and alkalnity.

Soil nitrogen losses and its restoration, Phosphorous deficiency and soil fertility. Fixation of nutrients in soil. Soil potassium in relation to soil fertility and plants growth and development. Plant production problems and methods. C/N ratio as a function of growth and development. The problems of non-irrigated soils. Tillage and its influence on plant growth. Horticulture-importance and present position. Origin, history, breeding and production technology of important fruits such as Mango, Banana. Citrus, Guava. Papaya, Grape. Pineapple, Litchi, Pomegranate, Ber, Apple, Pear and Walnut with special reference toclimate, soil, propagation, cultivars, nutrition, irrigation and other orchard management practices. History of gardening of India. Styles of gardening, their principles and practices with special reference to Mughal, Japanese and English gardens. Frequency distribution, mean, median and mode. Standard deviation. Test of significance : t, F and chi-square tests. Experimental design basic principles, completely randomized. Randomized block, Latin square and Split-plot designs and their analysis.

Agricultural Chemistry And Soil Science

Theory of acid and bases, pH and its determination, buffers, oxidation, reduction,catalytic reaction, colloids & their properties, Humus and clays.
Carbohydrates nomenclature, classification, proteins-classification, physical & chemical properties. Liquids classification and properties.
Soil texture & structure. Soil moisture & its movement. Soil chemistry : weathering of rocks & minerals, profile development. Soil forming processes, exchangeable properties of soil, organic matter-properties and its fractions. Reclamation of Soils. Quality of irrigation water. Soil fertility-macro & micro nutrients.
Manures & fertilizers-classification, mode of action & utilization. Uptake of nutrients.
Pesticides & residual toxicity.
Enzymes classification & their mechanism of action.
Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids & proteins.
N-fixation, Phytohormones & vitamins.

Agricultural Zoology And Entomology

1.General introduction to animal kingdom and various phyla with special reference to agricultural and economic importance. Agricultural importance of phytonematodes. snails, slugs, earthworms, crabs, birds, and mammals, their distribution, habit and life cycle.

2. Identification of poisonous snakes of India. Symptoms of snake bite and its antidotes. Life history and control of animal vectors of human diseases and important parasites of man animals.

3. Local fishes of ecdnomic importance, planning and implementation of fish farming, knowledge of crustacean and molluscan fisheries. Rat damage to crops and plantations. Methods of its control.

4. Classification of Phylum Arthropoda upto classes: general characters and examples. Position of insects in animal kingdom. Study of characters of insect orders of economic importance. Life history, rearing methods of some useful insects viz. honeybee, silk worm and lac insects.

5. Insect morphology integument and its structure, regions, sclerites. segmentation of head :Its appendages, structure and function : modification of antennae and mouth parts of insects. Study of insect thorax and its appendages including genitalia.

6. Anatomy of grasshopper, digestive, respiratory, excretory, circulatory, reproductive,nervous system and sense organs. Post embryonic development of insect, ecdysis, instars. metamorphosis, types of larvae and pupae. Pest management: principle of integrated Pest management, concept, and procedure. Physical, mechanical, chemical, biological, and legislative control of insects. Insecticide poisoning and its antidotes. Concept and
importance of wild life conservation in relation to ecology and environment.

M.Sc. (Applied Geology)

Paper-I : Mathematics

Elementray Symbolic Logic : Sets-Algebra, cartesian product, Relation, Functions, Injective and Surjective MAPS; Inverse Functions.

Number System : Natural numbers, Integers, Integer modulo-N division algorithm, Enclidean Algorithm, Prime factorization.

Real-Number System : Complex Numbers, Real Sequence, Convergence of Infinite Series, Limit and Continuity of Functions of one Variable, Properties of continuous function in closed intervals. Differentiability and its application.

Differential Equations : Differential equations of first order, Linear differential equations with constant coefficients.

Functions of Several Variables : Limits, Continuity, Partial Derivatives, Differentiability, Gradient, Divergence, Curl, Line Surface and Volume Integrals.

Linear Algebra : Vector Spaces, Bases and Dimensions, Rank of Linear Transformations, Matrices, Matrix Representation of Linear Maps, Determinants, Rank of Matrices, Eigenvalues, Eigenvector, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Diagonalisation of Matrices with distinct eigen values. Sequences and series of functions of a real variable, uniform coveregence Richan-integral of a Bounded function, convergence of Improper Integrals.

Statistics & Probability : Basic concepts and Bayes theorem.

Paper-II : Physics

Mechanics and Elementary Relativity theory : Motion of systems of particles, Linear and angular momentum, Rotational Motion, Moment of inertia.

Non-rigid bodies : Stress and strain, Elastic moduli, Generalised Hook's law.

Fluid Mechanics : Ideal and viscous fluids, Equation of continuity, Rotational and Irrotational flows, Bernoulli's Theorem, Poiseuill's Equation, Stoke's Law.

Special theory of Relativity : Gallilean Transformation, Postulates of Special Theory, Lorentz transformation, Relativistic Dynamics.
Thermal Physics : Zeroeth law of Thermodynamics, Concept of temperature, First law of Thermodynamics, Simple Applications, Reversibe and Irreversible Processes, Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot's cycle, Entropy, Temperature Entropy Equation, Thermodynamic potentials, Joule-Thomson effect, Kinetic theory of gases, Conduction and Radiation of heat.

Optics : Corpuscular and Wave Theory of Light, Interference, Diffraction, Fresnel's Theory, Fruanhoffer's Diffraction, Resolving Power of Prism, Polarization, double Refraction, Production and Detection of elliptically and circularly polarized Light, Basic Ideas of stimulated Emission, Lasers.

Wave-Motion, Electrostatics, Magneto statics : Oscillations-Simple Harmonic and Damped Oscillations, Forced Oscillations, Wave Motion in Non-Dispersive media, Wave Equation, Progressive Wave Solution, Acoustic Impedance, Energy Density, reflection and Transmission of Plane Waves, Coulomb's Law, Gauss's Law, Electric Dipole, Dielectrics, Ampere's Law, Biot-Severt's Law, Vector potential, Divergence and Curl of B, Magnetic
Material and Magnetization, Time Varying Fields, Displacement Current, Curl of H, Faraday's Law, Self and mutual inductance, Electromagnetic waves in free space, Maxwell's Equations.

Atomic & Nuclear Physics : Bohr-Sommerfield model, Characteristics of Continuous X- Rays, Space quantisation, Bohr Magneton, Larmor Precession, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism. Quantum Concept : Photoelectric effect, Compton effect, deBroglie waves, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, One- Dimensional Schrodiner's wave equation. Nuclear Physics : Natural Radioactivity, Fission and fusion, Liquid Drop Model.

Electrical Circuits and Basic Semiconductor Electronics : Circuit parameters, Kirchhoff's laws, Norton's and Thevenin's theorems, Charging and discharging of condenser, Growth and decay of current in R-L circuits, Balance and sensitivity conditions for A-C bridge,
Semiconductor materials, Diodes and Transistor, Measuring instruments, multimeters and CRO, Digital Electronics.

Paper – III : Geology

The Planet Earth: Origin of the solar system and the Earth; Geosphere and the composition of the earth; Shape and size of he earth; Earth –moon system; Formation of continents and oceans; Dating rocks and age of earth; Energy in the earth systems; Volcanism and volcanic landforms; Interior of earth; Earthquakes; Earth’s magnetism and gravity, Isostasy; Elements of Plate tectonics; Orogenic cycles.

Geomorphology: Weathering and erosion; transportation and deposition due to wind, ice, river, sea, and resulting landforms, Structurally controlled
landforms.

Structural Geology: Concept of stratum; contour; Outcrop patterns; Maps and cross Sections; Dip and Strike; Classification and origin of folds, faults, joints, foliation and lineation, unconformities; Shear zones.

Palaeontology: Major steps in the evolution of life forms; Fossils; their modes of preservation and utility; Morphological characters, major evolutionary trends and ages of important groups of animals-Brachiopoda, Mollusca, Trilobita, Echidnodermata; Gondwana plant fossils; Elementary idea of vertebrate fossils in India.

Stratigraphy: Principles of stratigraphy; Litho-, chrono- and biostratigraphic classification; distribution and classification of the stratigraphic horizons of India from Achaean to Recent.

Mineralogy: Symmetry and forms in common crystals classes; Physical properties of minerals; Isomorphism and Polymorphism, Classification of minerals; Structure of silicates; Mineralogy of common rock-forming minerals; Modes of occurrence of minerals in rocks. Transmitted polarized light microscopy and optical properties of uniaxial and biaxial minerals.

Petrology: definition and classification of rocks; igneous rocks-forms of igneous bodies; Crystallization of magma; classification, association and genesis of igneous rocks; sedimentary rocks-classification, texture and structure; size and shape of sedimentary bodies. Metamorphic rocks-classification, facies, texture and properties.

Economic Geology: Properties of common economic minerals; General properties of formation of mineral deposits; physical character; Mode of occurrence and distribution in India both of metallic and non-metallic deposits; Coal and petroleum Occurrences in India.

Applied Geology: Ground water Hydrology; Mineral exploration, elements of Mining Geology and Environment Geology; Principles of Engineering
Geology.

Biochemistry

Biomolecules, Enzymes, Intermediary Metabolism, Vitamins Hormones, Physiology, Genetics, Cell biology and Molecular Biology, Molecular basis of gene regulation, Nutrition, Microbiology, Physical Chemistry.

Bioinformatics

Eligibility Criterion:

The Course for M.Sc. in Bioinformatics will be open those student who have passed the B.Sc. Examination of this University or any other University recognized by this University with the following combinations with 55% of the marks.

(a) Zoology, Botany, Chemistry

(b) Zoology, Chemistry, Biochemistry

(c) Botany, Chemistry, Biochemistry

(d) Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry

(e) Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science

(f) Mathematics, Physics, Statistics

Those who have passed B.Sc. with Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Structural Biology, as one of the subjects can also apply.

Botany

Fungi; Lichens; Bacteria and Plant Viruses; Algae; Bryophyte; Pteridophyta; Gymnospermophyta; Taxonomy; Morphology & Anatomy; Life History; Plant Physiology; Plant Ecology; Cytology; Genetics; Molecular Biology; Evolution; Microbiology And Applied Microbiology; Genetic Engineering, Plant Pathology; Economic Botany; Applied Plant Anatomy; Plant Breeding; Marine Biology & Limnology; Palaeobotany and Palynology; Plant Diversification; Morphogenesis and Tissue Culture.

Chemistry

A. (Physical Chemistry)
- Thermodynamics, Chemical Kinetics, and Catalysis, Chain Reactions and Photochemistry, Electro-Chemistry, Atomic Structure, Gasses State, Surface
Phenomena.

B. (Organic Chemistry)
- Bonding in Carbon Compounds, Aromaticity and Huckel’s rule, Aliphatic and Aromatic Aldehydes and Ketones (i) Optical Isomerism (ii) Geometrical Isomerism, Active Methylene Compounds, Spectroscopy U.V. Visible, IR, NMR, Cycloparaffins, Carbohydrates, Diazonium Compounds, Synthetic Polymers, Synthetic applications of Grignard reagents.

C. (Inorganic Chemistry)
- Atomic Structures and Periodic Properties, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Co-ordination Chemistry, Chemistry of Representative Elements,
Transition metals including Lanthanides, Extractive Metallurgy, Environmental Pollution, Metal Ions in Biological Systems, Preparation, Properties and Structures, Inorganic Analysis.

Computer Science

Paper-I Mathematics

Elementray Symbolic Logic : Sets-Algebra, cartesian product, Relation, Functions, Injective and Surjective MAPS; Inverse Functions.

Number System : Natural numbers, Integers, Integer modulo-N division algorithm, Enclidean Algorithm, Prime factorization.

Real-Number System : Complex Numbers, Real Sequence, Convergence of Infinite Series, Limit and Continuity of Functions of one Variable, Properties of continuous function in closed intervals. Differentiability and its application.

Differential Equations : Differential equations of first order, Linear differential equations with constant coefficients.

Functions of Several Variables : Limits, Continuity, Partial Derivatives, Differentiability, Gradient, Divergence, Curl, Line Surface and Volume Integrals.

Linear Algebra : Vector Spaces, Bases and Dimensions, Rank of Linear Transformations, Matrices, Matrix Representation of Linear Maps, Determinants, Rank of Matrices, Eigenvalues, Eigenvector, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Diagonalisation of Matrices with distinct eigen values. Sequences and series of functions of a real variable, uniform coveregence Richan-integral of a Bounded function, convergence of Improper Integrals.

Statistics & Probability : Basic concepts and Bayes theorem.

Paper-II Physics

Mechanics and Elementary Relativity theory : Motion of systems of particles, Linear and angular momentum, Rotational Motion, Moment of inertia.

Non-rigid bodies : Stress and strain, Elastic moduli, Generalised Hook's law.
Fluid Mechanics : Ideal and viscous fluids, Equation of continuity, Rotational and Irrotational flows, Bernoulli's Theorem, Poiseuill's Equation, Stoke's Law.

Special theory of Relativity : Gallilean Transformation, Postulates of Special Theory, Lorentz transformation, Relativistic Dynamics.

Thermal Physics : Zeroeth law of Thermodynamics, Concept of temperature, First law of Thermodynamics, Simple Applications, Reversibe and Irreversible Processes, Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot's cycle, Entropy, Temperature Entropy Equation, Thermodynamic potentials, Joule-Thomson effect, Kinetic theory of gases, Conduction and Radiation of heat

Optics : Corpuscular and Wave Theory of Light, Interference, Diffraction, Fresnel's Theory, Fruanhoffer's Diffraction, Resolving Power of Prism, Polarisation, double Refraction, Production and Detection of elliptically and circularly polarised Light, Basic Ideas of
stimulated Emission, Lasers.

Wave-Motion, Electrostatics, Magnetostatics: Oscillations-Simple Harmonic and Damped Oscillations, Forced Oscillations, Wave Motion in Non-Dispersive media, Wave Equation, Progressive Wave Solution, Acoustic Impedance, Energy Density, reflection and Transmission of Plane Waves, Coulomb's Law, Gauss's Law, Electric Dipole, Dielectrics, Ampere's Law, Biot-Severt's Law, Vector potential, Divergence and Curl of B, Magnetic Material and Magnetisation, Time Varying Fields, Displacement Current, Curl of H, Faraday's Law, Self and mutual inductance, Electromagnetic waves in free space, Maxwell's Equations.

Atomic & Nuclear Physics : Bohr-Sommerfield model, Characteristics of Continuous X-Rays, Space quantisation, Bohr Magneton, Larmor Precession, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism and Antiferromagnetism.

Quantum Concept : Photoelectric effect, Compton effect, deBroglie waves, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, One-Dimensional Schrodiner's wave equation. Nuclear Physics : Natural Radioactivity, Fission and fusion, Liquid Drop Model.

Electrical Circuits and Basic Semiconductor Electronics : Circuit parameters, Kirchhoff's laws, Norton's and Thevenin's theorems, Charging and discharging of condenser, Growth and decay of current in R-L circuits, Balance and sensitivity conditions for A-C bridge,
Semiconductor materials, Diodes and Transistor, Measuring instruments, multimeters and CRO, Digital Electronics.

Paper-II Computer Science

Mathematical Logic : Mathematical systems, Statements and Notation, Propositions and connectives, Statement formulae and truth tables, Logic variables, Logic functions, Logic expressions, Equivalence classes of logic function, Complete sets of logic functions.

Logic Algebra : Boolean Algebra, Theorems of Boolean Algebra, Switching Algebra, Switching functions, and switching formulae, Binary number systems, Disjunctive and conjunctive canonical forms of expressing switching functions, Trasformation. Minimisation
techniques, Minimisation using Boolean identities, Karnaugh map.

Logic Circuits : Logic gates, Analysis of Combinational circuits, MSI logic building blocks, Realization of logic circuits using SSI and MSI, Flip-flops, Analysis of sequential logic circuits, Counters and Registers.

Computer Fundamentals : Fundamental units of a digital computer, Stored programme concept, Data representation in computers, Arithmetic operations CPU architecture, Instruction format, Addressing modes, Instruction set of 8 bit processors. Concept of sequential and random storage, Basic memory cell and their organization, RAM, ROM, EPROM etc. Auxiliary storage devices, Magnetic and optical disc, I/O techniques, I/O devices-Key board, Monitor, Printer etc.

Software : Algorithms, Control Structres, Flowcharts, Pseudocode, Design of Algorithm, Tracing, Simple Algorithm, Language features of C, Programming in C, Data Structures-Arrays, Stack, Queues, Linked lists, Multilinked lists, Trees, Tree Traversal, Simple properties of Graph.

M.Sc. In Environmental Sciences

The written Test for admission to the Master’s Programme in Environmental Sciences is designed to assess interest of the candidate and his/ her basic knowledge in the fields of Botany, Zoology, Statistics, Chemistry and Environmental Sciences.

Material Science

Admission Procedure: Admission Test. Questions will cover 20% from Mathematic (Compulsory-Section I) and 80% from either of the Physics (Optional –Section II) and Chemistry (Optional-Section III).

Syllabus for the admission Test: Broad Topics Appended. It will cover average topics taught at UG level in Indian Universities.

Section – I Common for all categories

Mathematics:

• Functions, Differentition, Application of Derivatives, Definite and Indefinite Integrals, Limit and Continuity, Differential equations (first order and second order), Curve of simple functions, Scalar and Vector products. Reciprocal vectors. Vector Differentiation, Gradient, Divergence and curl. Vector integration. Theorems of Gauss, Stoke’s and problems based on these.

Section – II Elective

Physics:

Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Conduction of Heat and Radiation.

• Motion under central forces, Mechanics of nonrigid bodies, Elastic properties,Fluid Mechanics.

• Electrical Circuits: AC, DC and transient behaviour.

• Semiconductor Electronics including photonics and digital electronics

• One dimensional motion in non dispersive media, Ultrasonics.

• Electrostatics in free space and in dielectric media, Electric Current, Magnetostatics, Time varying Fields, Electromagnetic waves in free waves, Physical optics.

• Atomic Physics, X-ray, Vibrational and Rotational spectroscopies, UV-visible spectroscopies.

• Need of quantum mechanics, observables and operators, Schrödinger equation and its simple applications upto hydrogen like atoms.

• Crystal Structure, Reciprocal Lattice, Interatomic forces and classification of solids, Free electron theory and band gap of solids, Electrical and Magnetic properties of Materials.

Chemistry:

• Quantum Chemistry: Observables and Operators, Schrödinger equation and its simple applications upto hydrogen like atoms.

• Chemical Bonding, Valence bond theory, Molecular orbital theory.

• Properties of s and p blocks, Transition and inner transition elements.

• Coordination compounds, Complex Formation.

• Fundamentals of organic chemistry, Hybridization, Inductive, Electrometric, Resonance and hyperconjugative effects. Huckel's rule, Stereo Chemistry of carbon compounds, isomerism, elements of symmetry, R,S-System of nomenclature, Methods for determination of reaction
mechanism, Chemistry of Functional groups, Inductive, electromeric, conjugative effects and resonance.

UV-visible, Vibrational and Rotational spectroscopies, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

• Chemical Kinetics: zero, first, second and third order reactions.

• Chemical Thermodynamics and Chemical Equilibria.

• Electrochemistry, reversible electrodes, Electrode reactions, Nernst equation, determination of cell E.M.F, Concentration Cells, Acid-Base concepts.

• Photochemistry: Lambert-Beer law, Jablonski diagram.

• Gaseous state, Isotherm, the law of corresponding states, Maxwell's distribution, Liquid State.

Solid State Chemistry, space lattice, unit cell, Symmetry elements, Lattice planes and Miller indices, X-ray diffraction.

Physics

Thermodynamic equilibrium, Zeroth law, first law, second law, reversible process, Carnot’s theorem, entropy and disorder; thermodynamic relations and applications. Clausius-Clayperon equation, phase transitions of first and second order.

Radiation as e.m. wave, Kirchhoffs law. black body radiation, pressure and energy density, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Planck’s law and its limiting cases. Phase space, ensembles, equilibrium and fluctuation, entropy and probability, entropy of a perfect gas, microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, partition function, Boltzmann distribution, B.E. and FD. statistics, simple applications.

Gauss’ Law, Blot-Savart law, Vector Potential, Faraday law. Amperes circuital law, generalization of Ampere’s law by Maxwell, Maxwell’s equations and its solution in free space and simple dielectrics. Poynting theorem, plane wave propagation in metals and plasmas.

Interference, Special theory of Relativity

Uncertainty principle.

Linear Harmonic oscillator, Angular momentum, commutation relations, Ladder operators eigenvalues of I, and L Z, Parity operator Hydrogen atom problem, Pauli spin matrices.

Time-independent non-degenerate perturbation theory and its simple applications.

Identical particles, symmetric and anti-symmetric wave function.

Crystailline state of solids, unit cell, bravais lattice, reciprocal lattice, interatomic forces, vibrations of monoatomic and diatomic chains, phonons.

Free electron theory of metals, electrons in periodic potential, Bloch waves, semiconductors, p-n , junction, diode, rectification, ripple factor, Transistor action and characteristics, C.E. amplifiers and its frequency response. Logic gates, Boolean algebra, Combination logic,Integrated Circuits. Solar Cell

Rural Technology And Development

Unit-1

A general introduction to Fungi including importance and reproduction Bacteria, Plant viruses: Introduction and their economic importance. An elementary knowledge of soil, water, sewage, milk, food and air bacteria. Introduction of industrial microbiology.

Algae: a general introduction with their importance.

Unit-II

A brief account of Bentham & Hooker system of classification, General introduction of following families with their economic importance: Poaceae, Leguminosae, Orchidaceae, Brassicaceae, Moraceae, Cucurbitaceae, Asteraceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Apiaceae, Lilliaceae etc. Different types of fruit with reference to their marketing. Broad outline of morphology & anatomy of vegetative and reproductive organs of angiosperms, cell wall structure, tissue and tissue systems. Growth and growth hormones, Photosynthesis and Respiration, Nitrogen assimilation and fixation. Climate, weather and different plant communities including hydrophytes, mesophytes, xerophytes, mangroves, epiphytes and parasites.

Unit-III

Concept and scope of genetic engineering, role of enzymes. GM crops and their importance Different plant diseases and their management. Integrated paste management (IPM), major human diseases caused by bacteria and fungi. Tissue culture and their applications. A general introduction of horticulture, floriculture, apiculture and sericulture. An introduction to Bee-keeping, pearl culture and tasar culture.

Unit-IV

Different models of rural development, Sustainable development, Different schemes of central government. Agriculture and economic development, Agro-forestry. Concept of society, Adult & Non-formal Education, Sanitation programme and implementation, Government Health insurance schemes, bank insurance, smart card for BPL families. Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Crops. Factors affecting the cultivation and production of crops.

Textile And Apparel Design

Design- Types of Design, Principles of Design, Element of Design- Line texture, Colour.

Fashion- Fashion cycle, theories of fashion.

Teaching in pattern making- Drafting, draping, pattern.

fitting- Associated problems

History & scope of Apparel Design in India.

Terminology of fabric cutting & sewing

Drafting's of - frock, Romper, Women's garments, Men's garments.

Properties of textile fibers.

Textile chemistry- Natural fibers, man made fibers, yarn construction, Fabric finishes, Dyes types.

Traditional textile of India - Chikankari, Zardosi, Kanthas of Bengal, Kashmiri kasheeda, Muslins of Dhaka, Amru and Himru of Hydrabad, Baluchari, kanchi varams, chanderi's , phulkari, patola.

Removal of stain - Cotton, Silk, and synthetic fabric soap manufacturing.

Laundery & dry cleaning - Soap making, types of bleeches.

Printing methods- Resist, block, and Screen printing.

Zoology

Nonchordates, Taxonomy and Evolution, Physiology and Biochemistry, Protochordates and Vertebrates

Special Topics

Sphenodon as living fossil, Biting mechanism of poisonous snake; snake venom and antivenom. Flight adaptations of birds, Aquatic mammals.

Animal Distribution and Ecology, Genetics and Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering, Economic Zoology and Environmental Biology, Development Biology and Ethology.

M.Com. (Master Of Commerce)

Statistics, Management, Company Law, Accountancy and Cost Accounting, Income Tar, Auditing, Indian Economy, Economics, Banking, Business Organization, Business Law, Insurance.

M. P. A. (Music)

(Vocal)

1. Detailed study of the following Ragas: Puriya, Marwa, Jai-Jaiwanti, Suddha Kalyan, Deshkar, Kamod, Chayanat, Todi, Multani, Miyan-Malhar, Gound-Malhar, Adana, Darbari Kanhada, Basant, Paraj, Puriya Dhanashri, Shri, Hindol, Suddha Sarang, Madhuwanti.

2. Taal

Rupak, Teerva, Dadra, Kaharwa, Trital, Jhaptal Ektal, Dharmar, Ada Chartal, Pancham Sawari, Gaj jhampa, Chartala, Sooltal, Deepchandi, Jhoompa, Tilwada.

3. Details indroduction of all the Ragas and Taalas mentioned above.

4. Comparative study of the Samprakit Ragas and Taalas.

5. Study of Alpatva and Bahutva, Tirobhav and their use and importance.

6. Laya and layakari- Different types of Layakaries, Dugun, Tigun Chaugun and Ada.

7. Different styles of Gayaki - Dhruvapad, Dhamar, Tappa, Thumari and Chaiti.

8. Brief study of different Gharanas of Vocal Music.

9. Life sketch and contribution of Eminent Musicians and Vocalist.

10. Vibration and frequency, pitch and its relation with vibrator, Amplitude, (Swaymbhu Swear); Consonance and Dissonance, Main Types of chords, Absorption, echo, Reverberation and Resonance of sound, Placement of Sudha and Vikrit Swars on different shruties according to Lochan, Ahobal, Pundarik, Ramamatya, Somnath.

11. Notation system of Bhatkhande and Vishnudigambar, various types of intervals of notes. Different Musical scales, comparative study of Notation System of Bhatkhande and Western Music, placement of notes on ‘Veena’ according to Pt. Srinivas, Comparative study of Northern Sothern Talapaddhaties.

12. Biographies of Bhatkhande, Vishnudigambar, Tansen, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ameer Khusroo, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Pt. Ram Sahai, Ahmad Jan Thirakwa, Nana Sahib Pansse.

13. History of Music and classification of ragas and Taals. History of Music of Ancient period up to 13th century. Short History of Music of Medieval and Modern periods.

Instrumental Sitar

1. Detailed study of the following Ragas:

Puriya, Marwa, Jai-Jaiwanti, Suddha Kalyan, Deshkar, Kamod, Chayanat, Todi, Multani, Miyan-Malhar, Gound-Malhar, Adana, Darbari Kanhada, Basant, Paraj, Puriya Dhanashri, Shri, Hindol, Suddha Sarang, Madhuwanti.

2. Taalas

Rupak, Teerva, Dadra, Kaharwa, Trital, Jhaptal Ektal, Dharmar, Ada Chartal, Pancham Sawari, Gaj jhampa, Chartala, Sooltal, Deepchandi, Jhoompa, Tilwada.

3. Details indroduction of all the Ragas and Taalas mentioned above.

4. Comparative study of the Samprakit Ragas and Taalas.

5. Study of Alpatva and Bahutva, Tirobhav-Avirbhav and their use and importance.

6. Laya and layakari- Different types of Layakaries, Dugun, Tigun Chaugun and Ada.

7. Different styles and Baj - Maseetkhani, Razakhani, Firozkhani etc.

8. Brief study of different Gharanas of Sitar.

9. Life sketch and contribution of Eminent Musicians and Instrumentalists.

10. Vibration and frequency, pitch and its relation with vibrator, Amplitude, (Swaymbhu Swear); Consonance and Dissonance, Main Types of chords, Absorption, echo, Reverberation and Resonance of sound, Placement of Sudha and Vikrit Swars on different shruties according to Lochan, Ahobal, Pundarik, Ramamatya, Somnath.

11. Notation system of Bhatkhande and Vishnudigambar, various types of intervals of notes. Different Musical scales, comparative study of Notation System of Bhatkhande and Western Music, placement of notes on ‘Veena’ according to Pt. Srinivas, Comparative study of Northern Sothern Talapaddhaties.

12. Biographies of Bhatkhande, Vishnudigambar, Tansen, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ameer Khusroo, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Pt. Nikhil Banerjee.

13. History of Music and classification of Ragas and Taals. History of Music of Ancient period up to 13th century. Short History of Music of Medieval and Modern periods.

Comparison of Hindustani and Karnataka Music Systems. Gram, Moorchana its kind and their importance. Kind of Gamaka. Brief knowledge of Different Gharanas.

Instrumental Tabla

1.Detailed study of the following Taalas: Trital, Jhaptal, Rupak, Teevra, Sooltal, Ektal, Chartal Basant, Pancham Swari, Gaj Jhampa, Dhamar, Laxmi, Rudra, Shikhar, Brahma, Kurnbha, ganesh, Matt, Dadra and Kaharwa, Jat Taal, Deepchandi Taal.

2. Kayada, Palta, Peshkar, Rela, ‘Laggi-Ladi’, Paran, different types of Chakkardar, Tihai, and paran, Tripalli, Choupalli, Nauhakka, Jhoolna ke Bol, Gat- Farad, Mukhda, Mohra.

3. Ten Varnas of Tabla.

4. Study of Sam Matrik and Samprakrit Taalas.

5. Different Gharanas of Tabla playing with their style and Baj.

6. Life sketch and contribution of Eminent Musicians and Musicologist.

7. Laya-Layakari, different kinds of Layakaries, Dugun, Tigun, Chaugun, Aad, Kuada, Biyad etc.

8. Life sketch and style of playing leading Tabla Artists, Padam Bhushan Pt. Samta Prasad, Padam Vibhushan Pt. Kishan Maharaj .

9. Vibration and frequency, pitch and its relation with vibrator, Amplitude, (Swaymbhu Swear); Consonance and Dissonance, Main Types of chords, Absorption, echo, Reverberation and Resonance of sound, Placement of Sudha and Vikrit Swars on different shruties according to Lochan, Ahobal, Pundarik, Ramamatya, Somnath.

10. Notation system of Bhatkhande and Vishnudigambar, various types of intervals of notes. Different Musical scales, comparative study of Notation System of Bhatkhande and Western Music, placement of notes on ‘Veena’ according to Pt. Srinivas, Comparative study of Northern Sothern Talapaddhaties.

11. Biographies of Bhatkhande, Vishnudigambar, Tansen, Ameer Khusroo, Pt. Ram Sahai, Ahmad Jan Thirakwa, Nana Sahib Panse.

12. History of Music and classification of Ragas and Taals. History of Music of Ancient period up to 13th century. Short History of Music of Medieval and Modern periods. Comparison of Hindustani and Karnataka Music Systems. Gram, Moorchana its kind and their importance. Kinds of Yati. Brief knowledge of Different Gharanas.

13. Gharana of Tabla

• Tabla Aur Pakhawaj Ka Tulnatmak Adhyayan.

• Classification of Instruments.

• Taal Ka Manovaigyanik Prabhav.

Master Of Fine Arts(M.F.A.)

Theory : (conducted by the University)

Syllabus: Aesthetics & Art Appreciation (Indian and Western)

History of Indian Art (Pre-history to Modern)

History of Western Art (Pre-history to Modern)

Folk, Tribal and current trends in Art Scenario.

M. Tech. In Earth System Sciences (ESS)

Statistical Distributions, Probability, Curve fitting, Correlation, Regression, Mean, Variance, Analysis of variance, Significance tests, Fundamentals of computers and programming, Knowledge of different operating systems, Numerical Methods, Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations, Basics of Atmosphere and Ocean, Weather and Climate, Composition and structure of atmosphere, Thermodynamics of the atmosphere, Laws of thermo-dynamics, Heat budget, Properties of seawater, Temperature, Salinity, Density, Conductivity, Indian Monsoon, Ecological Principles, Molecules and their interaction relevant to Biology.

Master Of Physical Education (M.P.Ed.)

1. Introduction, Foundation and Management of Physical Education

1.1 Aims and objectives of Education and Physical Education and Contribution of

Physical Education.

1.2 Biological, Psychological and Sociological Principles and their Application in Physical Education.

1.3 Different Schools of Philosophy and their relevance to Physical Education.

1.4 Meaning, Phases, Nature and Importance of Management.

1.5 Location, Preparation, Layout and Maintenance of Play Fields Construction, care and Maintenance of Gymnasium and Swimming Pool.

1.6 Equipments in Physical Education Criteria of selection, procedure of purchase, care and maintenance of equipments.

1.7 Intramural and Extramural Programmes.

1.8 Budget for Physical Education- Budget making and accounting.

Health Education

2. 1 Definition of Health and Description of its components.

2.2 Definition, Scope and Principles of Health Education.

2.3 Health Problems in India.

2.4 School Health Programme

2.5 Nutrition, Assessment of Nutrition, Classification of Food, Balance Diet.

Anatomy, Physiology and Physiology of Exercise

3.1 Essential properties of Living Matter.

3.2 Cell, Tissues, Organs and Systems- Structure and Function

3.3 Study of following systems and processes with a view to understand the effect of exercise on Different systems of the Body.

3.3.1 Cardio- Vascular System

3.3.2 Respiratory System

3.3.3 Nervous System

3.3.4 Metabolism and Temperature Regulation

3.3.5 Sensory System

Educational Methods and Educational Technology

4.1 Teaching Technique in Education

4.2 Principles of Teaching, Commands and Class Management

4.3 Lesson Planning- Physical Education and Coaching Lessons

4.4 Tournaments- Knockout, League, Combination and Challenge types.

4.5 Audio- Visual aids- values, criteria for selection and suggestion for use.

4.6 Presentation Techniques in Physical Education.

4.7 Micro Teaching, Simulation Teaching.

4.8 Definition of Components of an Instruction System, Advantages of System approach.

Educational Psychology

5.1 Growth and Development, types of learning, principles of learning, Learning use.

5.2 Factors of learning and theories of learning.

5.3 Individual Differences

5.4 Personality (Meaning & Memory)

5.5 Memory & Types of Memory.

Kinesiology and Corrective Physical Education

6.1 Types of Joints & Muscles.

6.2 Major Terminologies of Fundamental Movements.

6.3 Location and Action of Major Muscles.

6.4 Motor Unit and all & Non- Law.

6.5 Reciprocal Innervation.

6.6 Equilibrium and Friction.

6.7 Prevention of Injuries.

6.8 Massage

6.9 Postural Deformities

6.10 Therapeutic Exercises

6.11 Rehabilitation of Sport Injuries.

Test & Measurements

7.1 Test, Measurements, Evaluation, Statistics, Their Meaning

7.2 Measures of Central Tendency, Measures of Variability.

7.3 Percentile and correlation

7.4 Criteria of Test Selection

7.5 Motor Fitness tests, Skill Tests of different Games & Sports

Sports Training

8.1 Meaning, Definition and Principles of Sports Training

8.2 Definitions, types and factors of training load.

8.3 Meaning and Classification of speed, strength and endurance.

8.4 Training method of speed, strength and endurance.

8.5 Definition and method of teaching training.

8.6 Meaning, types & importance of periodization.

General Knowledge/ Awareness with special reference to Major Games/Sports (AIU/ IOC listed); Reasoning etc.

 

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